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Coat of arms of Gandria
Coat of arms of Lugano
district of Lugano
Map of Gandria
Coordinates 721091  /  96131 coordinates: 46 ° 0 '21 "  N , 9 ° 0' 7"  O ; CH1903:  721091  /  96131
height Ø 292  m
surface 3.45 km²
Residents 224 (Dec. 31, 2015)
Population density 65 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation Apr 4, 2004
BFS no. 519-2014
Post Code 6978
Parish before the merger on April 4, 2004
View of Gandria from Lake Lugano
San Vigilio Church, interior view
Ship Paradiso on the Gandria jetty (2016)
Gandria from the east

Gandria is a district in the city of Lugano in the Swiss canton of Ticino . Until it was incorporated into the city of Lugano on April 4, 2004, it formed an independent political municipality. The place has about 200 inhabitants, a few restaurants, tiny alleys, stairs and old buildings.


View from the footpath towards Gandria (2018)
Aerial photo (1948)

The village is 295 m above sea level. M. on the north bank of Lake Lugano on the steep slope of Monte Brè , 5 km east of Lugano train station .


Gandria is the station of the steam boats on the Lugano- Porlezza route . The village can be reached from Lugano on foot on a path along the northern shore of Lake Lugano, the “Sentiero di Gandria”, by boat or bus. The village, which used to be dominated by fishermen and border guards, has hardly changed for over a hundred years.


The village was first mentioned as Gandrio in 1237 . The political community existed as early as 1463 and for a long time was in dispute with the communities Albogasio , Ramponio Verna , Lanzo d'Intelvi and Oria , which were then subordinate to the Archbishops of Milan, because of the borders and pastures on the right (northern) bank of Lake Lugano . The Diet, the Archbishop and the Ambassador of Milan, even the Nuncio were drawn into this dispute, which lasted from 1543 to 1659. In 1624 the scholarships for the Canton of Schwyz at the Helvetic College in Milan were canceled.


Population development
year 1591 1643 1696 1769 1801 1850 1900 1950 2000 2015 2019
Residents 330 205 182 155 147 235 235 227 207 224 275


The village image is classified in the inventory of protected sites in Switzerland (ISOS) as a site of national importance in Switzerland.

  • Parish church of San Vigilio with statue of Madonna del Rosario by the sculptor Antonio Pini from Bellagio
  • Oratory of San Rocco
  • In the district of Cantine di Gandria on the south shore of the Ceresio is Swiss Customs Museum is home to which the Swiss National Museum belongs
  • Bordoni house
  • Former house in Rabaglio
  • Il sentiero dell'ulivo
  • In a forest clearing high above Lake Lugano lie the Sasso della Predescia and Sasso di Gandrigna , two prehistoric bowl stones
  • Path from Caprino to Canmtine di Gandria along Lake Lugano


There is a march music for brass music composed by Gian Battista Mantegazzi , which is dedicated to the village of Gandria and is called Gandria March (or Marcia Gandria ).



  • Carlo Agliati (Ed.): Maestri d'arte del lago di Lugano alla corte dei Borboni. Il fondo dei Rabaglio di Gandria, sec. XVIII. Edizioni dello Stato del Cantone Ticino, Bellinzona 2010.
  • Harald Baumgarten: The fisher girl from Gandria. Roman, Rothbarth, Leipzig 1936.
  • Gandria - natural history path. / Fondo SNAG. EUSI publisher, Lugano 2000.
  • Virgilio Gilardoni : Il Romanico. Catalogo dei monumenti nella Repubblica e Cantone del Ticino. La Vesconta, Casagrande SA, Bellinzona 1967, p. 329.
  • Antonio Gili: Gandria. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . January 17, 2017 , accessed December 31, 2019 .
  • Plinio Grossi: Gandria. Edizioni San Giorgio, Lugano 1984.
  • Carlo Jegher: The road to Gandria: representation d. various projects and documents for their assessment with numerous pictures and plans from official sources. Self-published, Zurich 1928.
  • Simona Martinoli u. a .: Guida d'arte della Svizzera italiana. Edizioni Casagrande, Bellinzona 2007, pp. 295, 321, 322, 323.
  • Johann Rudolf Rahn : I monumenti artistici del medio evo nel Cantone Ticino. Tipo-Litografia di Carlo Salvioni, Bellinzona 1894, p. 98.
  • Jean-Luc Rickenbacher: The Swiss Customs Museum. Federal Office for Buildings and Logistics BBL, Bern 2017, ISBN 978-3-906211-28-2 .
  • Celestino Trezzini : Gandria. In: Historisch-Biographisches Lexikon der Schweiz , Volume 3, Galmiton - Giovanni. , Attinger, Neuenburg 1926, p. 389 ( digitized version ).

Web links

Commons : Gandria  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Gandria on
  2. ^ A b Antonio Gili: Gandria. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . 17th January 2017 .
  3. Population of Besso at the end of 2019 on
  4. List of sites of national importance , directory on the website of the Federal Office of Culture (BAK), accessed on January 10, 2018.
  5. a b c d e f g Simona Martinoli and others: Guida d'arte della Svizzera italiana. Ed. Society for Swiss Art History GSK, Edizioni Casagrande, Bellinzona 2007, ISBN 978-88-7713-482-0 , pp. 321–322.
  6. Parish Church of San Vigilio on (accessed on: August 1, 2016.)
  7. ^ Antonio Pini. In: Sikart , accessed January 16, 2016.
  8. The Olive Path on (accessed November 21, 2016).
  9. The Naturalistic-Archaeological Path of Gandria on (accessed November 21, 2016).
  10. Path from Caprino to Cantine di Gandria along Lake Lugano on