|Civil name:||Glock 17 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 , 23 , 24 , 25 , 26 , 27 , 28 , 29 , 30 , 31 , 32 , 33 , 34 , 35 , 36 , 37 , 38 , 39 , 40 , 41 , 42 , 43 , 44 , 45 , 46|
|Military designation:||Gun 80 (P80)|
|Country of operation:||More than 100 countries,
u. a. Austria , United States
|Developer / Manufacturer:||Gaston Glock / Glock|
|Production time:||since 1980|
|Weapon Category:||Self-loading pistol|
|Total height:||106 mm-138 mm|
|Weight: (unloaded)||0.529 kg-0.785 kg|
|Sight length :||157mm-192mm|
|Barrel length :||82.5mm-153mm|
.22 lr /
9 × 19 mm / .380 ACP /
.357 SIG / 10 mm Auto /
.40 S&W / .45 ACP /
|Possible magazine fillings :||6/8/10/11/12/15/17/19/33 cartridges|
|Ammunition supply :||Bar magazine|
|Fire types:||Semi-automatic / fully automatic|
|Number of trains :||Polygonal
(hexagonal / octagonal)
|Twist :||Right 250 mm /
400 mm / 406 mm
|Visor :||Rear sight and front sight|
|Closure :||Browning system|
|Charging principle:||Recoil loader|
|Lists on the subject|
The Glock pistol is a self-loading pistol that was developed around 1980 by the Austrian engineer Gaston Glock and is manufactured by the Glock company from Deutsch-Wagram . Some constructive innovations in the safety technology and the polygon course were construction details that were subsequently also applied to pistols from other manufacturers. A further innovation was the use of Ferritic Nitrocarburizing to coat the steel parts of the weapon, instead of the usual bronzing to use. This resulted in less wear.
Development and history
The plastics technician and manufacturer Gaston Glock had been supplying the Austrian armed forces with surveyors , training hand grenades and machine gun belts as early as 1970 . When the Austrian Armed Forces were looking for a new handgun in 1980 that was to be easy to use with a large magazine capacity and inexpensive to purchase, Glock offered to develop a new weapon. In close cooperation with weapons experts from the army, he designed the prototype of a pistol with a plastic handle and a trigger with a preloaded firing pin . On April 30, 1981, Glock filed a corresponding patent . Since it was his 17th patent, he named the new pistol the Glock 17 . The advantages of the Glock 17 lay in the fact that it was a light and robust weapon with comparatively few parts and a magazine capacity of 17 rounds. In 1982 Glock won the tender of the armed forces ahead of nine other providers. Glock set up a production facility with computer-controlled machines in Deutsch-Wagram , in which the Glock 17 could be manufactured inexpensively. After a subsidiary of Glock's company was founded in the USA in 1985, a production facility was set up in Smyrna (Georgia) and in 1987 another in Ferlach, Austria .
Promotion in the USA
In 1986 there was a shootout in Miami, Florida , in which eight FBI agents took five minutes and 140 shots to kill two fugitive, heavily armed criminals whom they had stopped with cars. Two of the officers were killed and five others seriously injured. As Paul Barrett reports, the event aroused fear among many American police officers that the police were inferior to criminals in terms of weapons. In many American police departments the need arose to replace the usual six-shot revolvers (mostly from Smith & Wesson ) with semi-automatic pistols with larger magazines. The gun manufacturer Glock succeeded in positioning the newly developed Glock 17 as a suitable weapon for this requirement. The Miami City Police Department was the first metropolitan law enforcement agency to switch its armament to Glock pistols in 1986. This was followed by Dallas, San Francisco, St. Paul, Minneapolis, Jacksonville (Florida) and Toronto in Canada. The Jacksonville, Florida Police Department tested several semi-automatic pistols in 1987, with the Glock 17 performing best. The test report was widely used by other police authorities.
By 1990, Glock had sold hundreds of thousands of pistols to American law enforcement, security, and correctional facilities. Numerous civilian arms buyers followed this trend. Sales of Glock pistols in the US market grew from 25,000 in 1985 to 120,000 in 1990 to 213,000 in 1996.
The Glock pistol's popularity is due in part to clever product placement in Hollywood films . Glock sold the pistols at generous special prices when used as props . Also, in contrast to other manufacturers, Glock only made few requirements on how the pistols were to be portrayed on film. The Glock pistol first appeared in 1987 on the Miami Vice television series . The action film Die Hard 2 in 1990 provided a big stage . There a fictional "Glock 7" was described as a German weapon made of porcelain , which costs a fortune and cannot be tracked with a metal detector . Even if the description was full of errors, the pistol became a topic of conversation. The Glock pistols were used in various other films; they were named in Auf der Jagd (1998) and End of Days - Nacht ohne Morgen (1999).
The influence of the pistol in US pop culture can be seen above all in hip-hop and gangsta rap . The groups Three 6 Mafia , Cypress Hill and TRU already use the Glock in the title of their songs; numerous pieces from other groups mention the pistol in the texts.
The 10mm pistol
1990, which ruled the FBI , a 10-mm gun with high stopping power to introduce. Shortly after the FBI took over the 10mm, there was criticism from officials about the strong recoil of these weapons. Smith & Wesson then worked with Winchester to develop a suitable cartridge, the .40 S&W . Glock quickly modified the Glock 17 for this cartridge and in mid-1990 brought the Glock 22 onto the market, which predated the "FBI pistol" planned by Smith & Wesson.
Copycat and plagiarism process
The enormous success of the Glock pistols called for imitators. In 1994, S&W responded with the market launch of the Smith & Wesson Sigma , which many weapon specialists regarded as a plagiarism of the Glock 17. Glock sued S&W for patent infringement. In 1997, the parties agreed out of court to pay damages to Glock and to change the design of the Sigma. The concept of a pistol with a plastic frame and firing pin was also adopted by Taurus International, Springfield Armory Ruger, Kel-Tec and Beretta.
The "baby glocks"
In 1995, Glock introduced the subcompact models Glock 26 and Glock 27 . They served a trend towards smaller handguns with relatively large calibers, the z. B. should fit in women's handbags. In the American public they were called "Baby-Glocks" or "Pocket Rockets". According to Paul Barrett and Tom Diaz, a campaign by the National Rifle Association for the relaxation of gun laws in many US states also contributed to the business success of these models .
The running of the Glock pistols is cold hammered , has right-hand twist and no conventional trains and fields with lateral edges but up to and including pistols fourth generation (Gen4) a polygonal (hexagonal or octagonal) internal profile ( polygonal rifling ). Thanks to the better adaptation of the projectile achieved in this way, gas pressure losses are minimized, which leads to a higher muzzle velocity , a more elongated trajectory and thus higher accuracy. In addition, due to the lack of sharp edges, deposits are reduced and cleaning of the barrel is made easier.
The modified Browning system is used to lock the lock . With most Glock models, the barrel locks directly in the ejection window of the slide or slide. Under the chamber there is an open control link that pulls the rear end of the barrel downwards after a few millimeters of reverse travel, thereby releasing the slide. This continues to the rear stop, pulls out the shell and ejects it to the top right. As the slide moves forward, a new cartridge is fed from the magazine into the chamber and in the final phase, the slide and barrel are locked again via the control link.
The firing pin is spring-loaded and protrudes downward from the breech. When the trigger is pulled, a metal plate in the handle is pushed back, hooks onto the extension of the firing pin and pulls it back. The plate slowly descends so that at a certain point the firing pin slips off the edge of the metal plate, is accelerated forward by the firing pin spring and the cartridge ignites. Due to the repeating movement of the bolt, in addition to the reloading process, the firing pin lock is partially preloaded again when it is closed. The Austrian orderly pistol Roth-Steyr M1907 already used a similar trigger system.
A Glock pistol is therefore not completely uncocked after every single shot, like a revolver , and does not have to be fully cocked with the trigger blade for each subsequent shot (typical for double-action systems), but the weapon is in a partially pre-cocked fully loaded state after each shot State and is ready to fire ( partially pre-tensioned DAO system or "Glock Safe Action"). To trigger a shot, less force is required than with the DAO system.
- The trigger safety is a plastic button embedded in the middle of the trigger tongue, which is lowered when the trigger is pressed orthogonally with the finger, thereby releasing the trigger. If the finger or a foreign body presses the trigger at an angle without pressing the button, the trigger remains locked. This is to prevent the trigger from being actuated by foreign bodies or when the weapon falls.
- The firing pin safety is a cylindrical element in the lock of the partially preloaded Glock system with a central recess. When the trigger is not pulled, it blocks the firing pin channel and is only pushed upwards by means of the trigger bar when the trigger is pulled, so that the firing pin can then slide through the recess. If the weapon falls from a great height, the firing pin could be accelerated, which is why the element blocks the firing pin path.
- The fall protection consists of a link attached to the control block in the rear end of the handle , which prevents the trigger bar from lowering prematurely. The trigger bar can only drop down after it has been moved backwards by pulling the trigger and then releases the firing pin.
The Glock pistol is fully secured after each shot and can only be fully cocked, unlocked and released by pulling the trigger again.
Since the pistol's polymer grip does not have to be attached, double-row magazines can also be used in large calibers without the grip becoming too thick. The high magazine capacity thus achieved also results in a large difference in weight and a shift in the center of gravity from the fully loaded to the empty fired state of the weapon, which is often perceived as a disadvantage by sport shooters.
The individual versions of the Glock 17 to Glock 46 differ from the original model, the Glock 17, in different handle sizes, barrel lengths, calibers and the type of lock.
The Glock pistols G25 and G28 in caliber .380 ACP are built in the same way as the other models, but have a delayed ground lock, the barrel and bolt do not lock with each other in the closed (charged) position, as both locking edges are bevelled. When firing, initially only the slide moves approx. 4 mm backwards when the barrel stops, whereupon its beveled locking edge meets that of the barrel. The slide and barrel then cover a common distance of approx. 3 mm, whereupon the barrel is tilted downwards by the barrel hook and locking block. Although the slide is "braked" as a result, it still has enough energy for the entire repeating process.
The model 46 is based on a rotary barrel lock, which unlocks the barrel from the breech by a rotary movement after the projectile has left the barrel. The breech then runs back further, as with the other models and repeats a new cartridge as it moves forward.
The models 18 and 18C are an exception in that they are suitable for single and series fire and are therefore considered submachine guns. The list of model versions shows the model numbers (types), calibers and available designs. Heights are given including magazines. Magazine sizes are given in the form xy, where x stands for normal magazines and y for magazines with an extended magazine foot with two additional cartridges.
|Type||gene||caliber||Closure type||Handle||Barrel length||length||height||width||Magazine size||Others|
|17 /||9 × 19 mm||default||default||114 mm||204 mm||139 mm||32 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||Master model|
|17 /||Gen4||9 × 19 mm||default||default||114 mm||202 mm||139 mm||32 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||MOS version available|
|17 /||Gen5||9 × 19 mm||default||default||114 mm||202 mm||139 mm||34 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||MOS version available|
|17L||9 × 19 mm||Long||default||153 mm||242 mm||139 mm||33 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10|
|18 /||9 × 19 mm||default||default||114 mm||204 mm||155 mm||34 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||Standard with 19 shots,
Semi Auto / Full Auto
|19 /||9 × 19 mm||Compact||Compact||102 mm||187 mm||128 mm||32 mm||15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10|
|19 /||Gen4||9 × 19 mm||Compact||Compact||102 mm||185 mm||128 mm||32 mm||15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||MOS version available|
|19th||Gen5||9 × 19 mm||Compact||Compact||102 mm||185 mm||128 mm||34 mm||15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||MOS version available|
|19X||9 × 19 mm||Compact||default||102 mm||189 mm||139 mm||33 mm||15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||Crossover|
|10 mm car||default||default||119 mm||205 mm||140 mm||34mm||15th|
|20SF||10 mm car||default||default||117 mm||205 mm||140 mm||34 mm||15th||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|20th||Gen4||10 mm car||default||default||117 mm||205 mm||140 mm||34 mm||15th|
|.45 ACP||default||default||117 mm||205 mm||140 mm||13-15 / 10|
|21SF||.45 ACP||default||default||117 mm||205 mm||140 mm||34 mm||13||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|Gen4||.45 ACP||default||default||117 mm||205 mm||140 mm||34 mm||13|
|.40 S&W||default||default||114 mm||204 mm||139 mm||32 mm||15-16 / 22/10|
|22nd||Gen4||.40 S&W||default||default||114 mm||202 mm||139 mm||32 mm||15-16 / 22/10|
|.40 S&W||Compact||Compact||102 mm||187 mm||128 mm||32 mm||13-14 / 15-16 / 22/10|
|23||Gen4||.40 S&W||Compact||Compact||102 mm||185 mm||128 mm||32 mm||13-14 / 15-16 / 22/10|
|.40 S&W||Long||default||153 mm||243 mm||139 mm||33 mm||15-16 / 22/10|
|25th||.380 ACP||Compact||Compact||102 mm||187 mm||128 mm||32 mm||15-17 / 10||delayed ground connection|
|26th||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||165 mm||106 mm||32 mm||10-12 / 15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 17-19 / 31-33|
|26th||Gen4||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||163 mm||106 mm||32 mm||10-12 / 15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 17-19 / 31-33|
|26th||Gen5||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||163 mm||106 mm||33 mm||10-12 / 15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 17-19 / 31-33|
|27||.40 S&W||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||165 mm||106 mm||32 mm||9-10 / 13-14 / 15-16 / 22|
|27||Gen4||.40 S&W||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||163 mm||106 mm||32 mm||9-10 / 13-14 / 15-16 / 22|
|28||.380 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||165 mm||106 mm||32 mm||10-12 / 15-17 / 10||delayed ground connection|
|29||10 mm car||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||115 mm||35 mm||10/15||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|29 SF||10 mm car||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||115 mm||35 mm||10/15||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|29||Gen4||10 mm car||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||115 mm||35 mm||10/15||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|30th||.45 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||122 mm||35 mm||9-10 / 13||10 cartridges standard magazine|
|30 SF||.45 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||122 mm||35 mm||9-10 / 13||SF = Short Frame (reduced handle)|
|30 p||.45 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||122 mm||35 mm||9-10 / 13|
|30th||Gen4||.45 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||96 mm||177 mm||122 mm||35 mm||9-10 / 13|
|.357 SIG||default||default||114 mm||204 mm||139 mm||32 mm||15-16 / 10|
|Gen4||.357 SIG||default||default||114 mm||202 mm||139 mm||32 mm||15-16 / 10|
|.357 SIG||Compact||Compact||102 mm||187 mm||128 mm||32 mm||13-14 / 15-16 / 10|
|32||Gen4||.357 SIG||Compact||Compact||102 mm||185 mm||128 mm||32 mm||13-14 / 15-16 / 10|
|33||.357 SIG||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||165 mm||107 mm||32 mm||9-10 / 13-14 / 15-16|
|33||Gen4||.357 SIG||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||163 mm||107 mm||32 mm||9-10 / 13-14 / 15-16|
|34||9 × 19 mm||IPSC model||default||135 mm||224 mm||139 mm||33 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||IPSC model|
|34||Gen4||9 × 19 mm||IPSC model||default||135 mm||222 mm||139 mm||33 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||IPSC model, MOS available|
|34||Gen5||9 × 19 mm||IPSC model||default||135 mm||222 mm||139 mm||34 mm||17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||IPSC model, MOS only|
|35||.40 S&W||IPSC model||default||135 mm||224 mm||139 mm||33 mm||15-16 / 22/10||IPSC model|
|35||Gen4||.40 S&W||IPSC model||default||135 mm||222 mm||139 mm||33 mm||15-16 / 22/10||IPSC model, MOS available|
|36||.45 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact-slim||96 mm||177 mm||120 mm||30 mm||6th||single row magazine|
|37||.45 CAP||default||default||114 mm||204 mm||139 mm||33 mm||10|
|38||.45 CAP||Compact||Compact||102 mm||187 mm||128 mm||33 mm||8/10|
|39||.45 CAP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact||87 mm||165 mm||106 mm||33 mm||6/8/10|
|40||Gen4||10 mm car||Long||default||153 mm||241 mm||139 mm||34 mm||15th||IPSC model, only MOS (Modular Optic System) available|
|41||Gen4||.45 ACP||IPSC model||default||135 mm||223mm||139 mm||34 mm||13||IPSC model, MOS available|
|42||.380 ACP||Sub-compact||Sub-compact-slim||82.5 mm||151 mm||105 mm||25 mm||6th||single-row magazine, delayed locking mechanism|
|43||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Sub-compact-slim||86.5 mm||159 mm||108 mm||27 mm||6th||single-row magazine, rail version available in the EU|
|43X||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Compact slim||87 mm||165 mm||128 mm||28 mm||10/15 (after market)||single row magazine,|
|44||.22 lr||Compact||Compact||102 mm||185 mm||128 mm||32 mm||10||single row magazine|
|45||9 × 19 mm||Sub-compact||Compact||102 mm||189 mm||139 mm||34 mm||15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 31-33 / 10||Crossover,
|46||9 × 19 mm||Compact||Compact||97 mm||190 mm||129 mm||34.5 mm||15th||Rotary barrel lock, designed for tendering by the German police|
|47||9 × 19 mm||Standard / compact||default||114 mm||202 mm||139 mm||34 mm||10-12 / 15-17 / 17-19 / 24 / 17-19 / 31-33||MOS (Modular Optic System),
designed for the United States Customs and Border Protection
|48||9 × 19 mm||Compact / sub-compact||Compact slim||106 mm||185 mm||128 mm||28 mm||10/15 (after market)||single-row magazine, rail version available in EU|
- Models with the suffix C are equipped with a compensator .
- Glock offers enlarged magazine bottoms which increase the magazine capacity by two cartridges.
- For all models with a magazine capacity of more than ten cartridges, there are also magazines limited to ten cartridges (mainly for the US civil market).
- The slimline models have a single-row magazine, which has made it possible to further reduce the width. This makes it more suitable for concealed carry.
Glock 23 with tactical light
There are two caliber-dependent grip classes for the Glock pistols: On the one hand, the grip of the 9-mm models, on which the systems in calibers .380 Auto, .357 SIG, .40 S&W and .45 GAP also fit others use the .45-ACP caliber grip, on which only systems in the 10-mm caliber car fit.
All Glock pistols are utility weapons used by numerous police units, security services and armies around the world.
Debate and Criticism
The Glock pistol has been the subject of public debate in the United States several times.
Discussions about "plastic design" and terrorists
When the Glock pistol appeared on the American market in the mid-1980s, the fact that its housing was partially made of plastic caused quite a stir. Noel Koch, terrorism expert at the US Department of Defense, said he managed to smuggle a disassembled Glock 17 through the X-ray control at Washington Airport at the end of 1985 and then warned of the danger that hijackers could use Glock pistols as weapons. Journalist Jack Anderson published this criticism in the Washington Post in January 1986 and mixed it up with a report on Libya's dictator Muammar al-Gaddafi , who at the time was allegedly interested in buying Glock pistols. The US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) contradicted Koch's claim. Nevertheless, the city of New York and the states of Maryland, South Carolina and Hawaii specifically banned the importation of Glock pistols in 1986 because of their reputation as terrorist weapons.
In the same year the Glock pistol was the subject of a hearing before a subcommittee of the American House of Representatives chaired by MP William J. Hughes . Gaston Glock also appeared as a witness before the subcommittee. In the end, there was no decision against the Glock pistol.
The New York Glock ban ended spectacularly in 1988 when the Associated Press news agency published a report that Benjamin Ward, a senior New York police officer, was carrying a Glock 17. In this context, several newspapers referred to the Glock pistol as the "Super Gun" (super weapon).
Ultimately, the discussion about the Glock 17 led to the 1988 statutory regulation on the detectability of firearms in the Undetectable Firearms Act . Since then, a firearm approved in the USA must contain at least 100 grams of metal in a contour recognizable as a weapon.
Big magazine discussions
In 1991 the Glock pistol became the subject of a parliamentary debate in the decades-long dispute over US gun law . On October 16, 1991, a 35-year-old American killed 23 people and wounded 20 others ( Killeen rampage ) in a restaurant in Killeen, Texas . He had used a Glock 17 as his murder weapon that he had legally bought in Nevada. It was the most momentous rampage in US history to date. The House of Representatives happened to be debating a crime prevention bill on the same day and the following day . This included the legislative proposal to control 13 semi-automatic war weapons such as the AK-47 and magazines with more than seven rounds more sharply. In the debate, several MPs, including John Conyers and the Texan Chet Edwards, referred to the Killeen rampage and the Glock pistol used there. They argued that with smaller magazines, the perpetrator probably couldn't have killed that many people. The opponents of the bill denied this because, in their opinion, the perpetrator could have used any weapon. President George Bush Sr. expressed himself similarly in an interview. In the end, the House of Representatives rejected restrictions on semi-automatic weapons and large magazines by 247 votes to 177. In 1993, however, at the instigation of President Bill Clinton , Congress resumed magazine size restrictions in the “Brady Bill” .
Discussions about security issues
There have been several discussions in the USA about the relatively low trigger resistance of the Glock pistol. When the Jacksonville (Florida) police tested Glock pistols in comparison in 1987 , the low trigger resistance was rated as a positive property because it allows even poorly trained shooters to shoot quickly and with sufficient accuracy. But immediately there was also an accident: A police officer accidentally shot a teenager because he had placed his finger on the trigger improperly during the police check. A similar incident occurred in 1991 in Knoxville (Tennessee) and triggered a lawsuit against the manufacturer Glock by the family of the woman killed. The plaintiffs argued that the Glock pistol was unnecessarily dangerous because the trigger resistance of the Glock 17 was too low, the lever travel too short and an external safety latch was missing. Gaston Glock also appeared as a witness at the trial and insisted that his pistol was flawless. The court followed him and denied liability on the part of the manufacturer.
The American weapons expert Massad Ayoob shared the criticism of these security problems in an article in GUNS magazine in 1990.
In 1997 President Bill Clinton succeeded in a spectacular round table discussion in the White House, in which representatives of eight American weapons manufacturers, including Glock, committed themselves to offering child safety locks for their handguns. They should reduce the risk that children playing can fire loaded pistols. In return, the Democrats in Congress waived a corresponding bill. The deal met with fierce opposition from the National Rifle Association , as well as criticism from gun control activists.
- Günter Wollert, Reiner Lidschun, Wilfried Copenhagen : small arms . (1945-1985). In: Illustrated encyclopedia of rifles from around the world . 5th edition. tape 1 + 2 . Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus, Berlin 1988, ISBN 3-89488-057-0 , weapons, p. 334, 335 .
- Paul M. Barrett: Glock. The Rise of America's Gun . Crown Publishing Group , New York 2012, ISBN 978-0-307-71995-9 (English).
- Hans Dieter Faißner: Pistol Armament of the Federal Army - 1955 until today . In: TRUPPENDIENST - Episode 336, Edition 6/2013.
- Gerald Volgenau: Police Being Outgunned by Lawbreakers. Knight Ridder 3.7.1988
- Barrett: Glock. The Rise of America's Gun. , 2012, pp. 71-75
- Mathias Morscher: Glock: Austria's fatal contribution to US pop culture , in: Kurier , October 21, 2016
- Barrett: Glock. The Rise of America's Gun. , 2012, pp. 71-75
- So by Rick Washburn, after P. Barrett, p. 100f
- P. Barrett, Glock, ibid; Robert E. Walker: Cartridges and Firearm Identification. CRC Press, Boca Raton 2013, pp. 28f .; Russ Thurman: S&W and Glock settle suit in: Shooting Industry , June 1997
- R. Walker, Cartridges, p. 29
- Tom Diaz: The American Gun Industry. In: Timothy Lytton (ed.): Suing the Gun Industry. Univ. of Michigan Press, 2005, p. 97
- Nataly Kemmelmeier: Brand new pistol Glock 46. In: German Weapons Journal. September 18, 2017, accessed January 5, 2018 .
- Dave Merrill: Brand New & Shiny: Glock 46. In: recoilweb.com. September 24, 2017, accessed January 5, 2018 .
- P. Barrett, pp. 34ff
- P. Barrett, p. 40
- P. Barrett, p. 43
- P. Barrett, pp. 44-47
- P. Barrett, p. 63
- Nicholas J. Johnson, David B. Kopel, George A. Mocsary, Michael P. O'Shea: Firearms Law and the Second Amendment: Regulation, Rights, and Policy , Edition 2, Verlag Wolters Kluwer Law & Business, 2017 ISBN 9781454892663 , P. 521 
- P. Barrett, pp. 106-110, based on Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, October 19, 1991
- P. Barrett, pp. 55-57
- P. Barrett, pp. 141-145
- P. Barrett, pp. 146-148
- P. Barrett, pp. 194-197
- p. 13 in Google Book Search
- p. 14 in Google book search
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- p. 52 in Google Book Search
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- p. 160 in Google Book Search
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- p. 155 f in the Google book search