district of Hamburg
|Residents||30 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density||4 inhabitants / km²|
|Source: Statistical Office for Hamburg and Schleswig-Holstein|
Neuwerk is a district in the Hamburg-Mitte district of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg . Neuwerk forms an exclave of the rest of Hamburg's national territory, around 100 kilometers away. The district includes the inhabited and eponymous main island of Neuwerk and the uninhabited islands of Nigehörn and Scharhörn . In a broader sense, some of the only temporarily dry sandbanks in the Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park are part of the district.
The three islands Neuwerk, Nigehörn and Scharhörn are located in the southeastern part of the North Sea and in the southwestern part of the Elbe estuary . The next larger city on the mainland is Cuxhaven in Lower Saxony, around 15 kilometers south . The center of Hamburg is around 100 kilometers up the Elbe. Neuwerk is an exclave of the Hamburg state area, since land and water routes from the Hamburg heartland to Neuwerk only run through Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein .
The land area of 7.6 km² is spread over 3.6 km² on the island of Neuwerk and 4.1 km² on the Scharhörnplate, these are located in the middle of the Hamburg Wadden Sea National Park. The Hamburg exclave is assigned a share of the territorial sea of around 230 km² - largely tidal flats and parts of the Outer Elbe . With its southeastern tip, this "Hamburg sector" touches the mainland with an area about the size of a football field.
Neuwerk (center), Scharhörn (front left) and Nigehörn (front right) during floods
New work in the Cuxhaven contract with point X that has not yet been precisely defined
Neuwerk has been part of Hamburg for over 700 years - with a short interruption. With the completion of the "work" (tower) this was the official seat of a delegated councilor ("captain"). As a result of a feud with the Lappes , the Hamburg office of Ritzebüttel was established on the adjoining mainland in 1394 . Neuwerk was assigned to this office and the tower was then only the official seat of a Voigt. In 1864 the office became the Ritzebüttel estate . On November 19, 1926, this became part of the Hamburg rulership . After Cuxhaven became a town in 1907, Neuwerk also became a district of Cuxhaven on March 1, 1935. As a result of the Greater Hamburg Act , Cuxhaven and Neuwerk came to Prussia on April 1, 1937 and subsequently to Lower Saxony.
With the Cuxhaven Treaty , the islands of Neuwerk and Scharhörn were reintegrated into Hamburg in 1969. The background to this contract was to secure a location for a deep-water port for Hamburg, which has not yet been implemented. In the implementation agreement for the Cuxhaven Treaty, the location of the planned mainland connection of the port facilities in the Hamburg exclave was determined. This established a 200 m long stretch of the then coastline around point X to connect to the Lower Saxony mainland. The course of the thus defined Hamburg state border includes an area of around 6000 m², which today is geographically part of the mainland due to land growth .
Captains and bailiffs on Neuwerk
|Term of office||Hamburg captains (councilors) on Neuwerk|
|Easter 1310-1314||Councilor Gerhard of Cologne|
|1314-1319||Councilor Nicolaus (Claus) von Lüneburg|
|1336||Councilor Conrad von Holdenstede|
|1354||Councilor Meynekin von der Heyde (Meineckinus von Heyn)|
|1354||Councilor Diderik Wrak|
|1356||Councilor Nycolaus (Klaus) Gultzow|
|1358-1362 ?||Councilor Albert von Gheldersen|
|1362 ? –1369 ?||Councilor Hinrik Krowel|
|1372-1375||Councilor Hinrik Witzekendorp|
|1377-1380||Mayor Bertram Horborch|
|1381-1386||Councilor Hinrik (Heyno) Vorrad|
|1386-1387||Councilor Albert Bretling (Albrecht Butling)|
|1390-1394||Councilor Ludolf (Ludekin) Wulfhagen|
|Term of office||Hamburg bailiffs on Neuwerk|
|1419||Nicolaus Oppmann ?|
|1431-1444||Hans (Johannes) Vritze|
|1459-1474||Ludekin van Rode|
|1505-1525||Johann (Hans) Bruns|
|1525-1534||Cord Koning (Koening)|
|1535-1536||Bernard (Bernd) Beseke|
|1536-1539||Councilor Willehad (Wilhard) Wise|
|1572-1585||Bastian Rulle (Sebastian Rolle)|
|1586–1590 ?||Jürgen Feddeler|
|1601||Wolder von Duhnen|
|1608-1628||Peter Tesdorp (Tesdorff)|
|1628–1655 ?||Evert Tesdorp (Tesdorff)|
|1655-1667||Jochim Cords (Cordes)|
|1667-1686||Carsten Wittcke (Witting / Witcke)|
|1719-1726||Johann Hinrich (Heinrich) Voss|
|1788-1. May 1790||Johann Hinrich Heinsohn|
|1808-1836||Claus Heynsohn (Heinsohn)|
|1836-1867||Peter Christian Follmer|
|1867-31. December 1886,||Amandus Butt|
|1887-1. January 1901||Wilhelm Heinrich Conrad Breun|
|November 1, 1901-1915||Heinrich Adolph Richard Herrmann|
- to 1312 with his son-in-law Johann von Stade
- later mayor
- maybe longer
- Then Hamburg bailiff in Ritzebüttel (until 1406)
- the Vogt was now subordinate to the bailiff of Ritzebüttel, with one exception after the looting in 1535.
- represented in absentia in 1466 by Johann Appel and Nicolaus Wilde; Johann Ellinckhaus and Eggard Bokelmann vouch for him in 1459
- son of the predecessor
- Last bailiff at Neuwerk, died there on March 31, 1539
- about from
- Father, died September 2, 1701
- Brother of the predecessor
- his guarantors were Joh. Hinr. Heinsohn and Georg Wilhelm Ayecke
- -in-law of the predecessor
|December 3, 1866||62|
|December 3, 1866||56|
|December 1, 1871||49|
|December 1, 1875||56|
|December 1, 1885||65|
|December 1, 1910||53|
|December 31, 2016||32|
|December 31, 2017||36|
* in 8 houses
There has been an island school on Neuwerk since 1827 . It has been temporarily closed in the recent past due to a lack of students. In the 2017/2018 school year, however, there will again be a school with one student.
- Neuwerk on hamburg.de
- Hamburg Wadden Sea
- Maps from Neuwerk
- Official map with parcel boundaries and house numbers
- Official map of the standard land values, with parcel numbers (parcel numbers are only displayed on the island of Neuwerk)
- Statistical Yearbook Hamburg 2011/2012 p. 241, area of the Neuwerk district. (PDF; 241 kB) The entire Scharhörnplate marked as land area - with the islands of Scharhörn and Nigehörn - and Neuwerk were included. The land area of the district fluctuates with the change in the coastline. In addition, sandbanks are created in the area that dry out temporarily or for longer periods of time. These areas are not included.
- Implementation Agreement for Article 2 Paragraph 1 and Article 5 Paragraph 3 of the State Treaty between the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and the State of Lower Saxony from May 26th / June 4th 1961 ("Cuxhaven Treaty"). In: www.landesrecht-hamburg.de. June 14, 1967. Retrieved January 11, 2018 . ,
- Ferdinand Dannmeyer : A tower and its island - monograph of the North Sea island of Neuwerk. 1952, p. 49f.
- Arthur Obst : The island of Neuwerk: historical representation . Rauschenplat Verlag, Cuxhaven 1888 (Hamburg State and University Library: digitized version ).
- Johann Grandauer , Arthur Obst : Grandauer's memorial book of the Hamburg office Ritzebüttel . Cuxhaven 1892 (Hamburg State and University Library: digitized version ).
- Hans Nirrnheim : Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch . tape 2 , no. 222, 258 . Perthes, Besser & Mauke, 1939, p. 142–143, 168–169 (Hamburg State and University Library: digitized version ).
- Hans Nirrnheim : Hamburgisches Urkundenbuch . tape 2 , no. 300 . Perthes, Besser & Mauke, 1939, p. 142–143, 210 (Hamburg State and University Library: digitized version ).
- Grave slab in St. Gertrud Church, Döse. In: www.sankt-gertrud.net. Retrieved July 8, 2019 .
- Epitaph in St. Gertrud Church, Döse. In: www.sankt-gertrud.net. Retrieved July 8, 2019 .
- Kurt Eisermann: Flood disaster 300 years ago. The Christmas flood of 1717 on Neuwerk and the Thode family . In: Men from Morgenstern, Heimatbund an Elbe and Weser estuary e. V. (Ed.): Niederdeutsches Heimatblatt . No. 815 . Nordsee-Zeitung GmbH, Bremerhaven November 2017, p. 3–4 ( digitized version [PDF; 6.6 MB ; accessed on July 8, 2019]).
- Gravestones, Histor. Kirchfriedhof Cuxhaven-Döse 1 - Peter u. Anna Thode. In: www.genealogy.net. Retrieved July 8, 2019 .
- Albrecht Friedrich Ludolph Lasius : The French Kayser State under the government of Kayser Napoleon the Great in 1812. Kißling, Osnabrück 1813, p. 67 ( digitized version ).
- New general geographic and statistical ephemeris, Volume 19. 1826, p. 368.
- Franz Heinrich Neddermeyer: On the statistics and topography of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg and its area. 1847, p. 193.
- Neuwerk . In: Herders Conversations-Lexikon . Volume 4, Freiburg im Breisgau 1856, p. 328 .
- Neuwerk . In: Heinrich August Pierer , Julius Löbe (Hrsg.): Universal Lexicon of the Present and the Past . 4th edition. tape 11 . Altenburg 1860, p. 848 ( zeno.org ).
- Statistics of the Hamburg State. Results of the census of December 3rd, 1866. p. 44.
- Statistical Yearbook for the Hanseatic City of Hamburg 1952, 1953, State and University Library Hamburg, 
- Statistics of the Hamburg State. Results of the census of December 1, 1871. p. 78.
- Neuwerk . In: Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon . 6th edition. Volume 14, Bibliographisches Institut, Leipzig / Vienna 1908, p. 586 .
- Ulrich Schubert: Municipal directory Germany 1900 - Landherrenschaft Ritzebüttel. Information from December 1, 1910. In: www.gemeindeververzeichnis.de. February 3, 2019, accessed July 8, 2019 .
- Axel Tiedemann: 36 residents - and 100,000 come to visit every year. In: Hamburger Abendblatt website . July 20, 2007, accessed July 9, 2019 .
- Population of Hamburg districts. In: www.statistik-nord.de. Retrieved June 18, 2017 (PDF; 1.5 MB).
- Irena Güttel: Inselschule Neuwerk - a school for Kaya alone. In: Die Welt Online . September 18, 2012.
- Authority for Schools and Vocational Training: Numbers of Students. August 25, 2015.
- 2017/18 school year starts with new highs for students and teachers. All-day registrations continue to rise. In: www.hamburg.de. School and Vocational Training Authority, August 29, 2017, accessed March 9, 2018 .