Hedwig Bleibtreu

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hedwig Bleibtreu 1912
Hedwig Bleibtreu's birthplace in the old town of Linz
Hedwig Bleibtreu's grave

Hedwig Bleibtreu (born December 23, 1868 in Linz on the Danube , Upper Austria ; † January 24, 1958 in Vienna-Pötzleinsdorf ) was an Austrian theater and film actress.


The daughter of the actor, officer and painter Sigismund Bleibtreu and his wife Amalie Bleibtreu appeared in Der Verschwender at the Theater an der Wien at the age of four . Hedwig Bleibtreu received her artistic training at the Conservatory of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna . In 1886 she made her debut at the Augsburg Theater . Further engagements took her to Brno, Berlin ( Berlin theaters ), the Schwedt summer theater (1889) and the court theaters of Kassel and Munich.

In 1891 she appeared for the first time in Vienna at the Carltheater and was part of the Burgtheater ensemble from 1893 until her death . At the Vienna Burgtheater she was considered a great tragedy in the tradition of the legendary Charlotte Wolter . She also made a name for herself as a reciter and as such discussed several literary speech records .

In film, she initially made a few appearances in silent films, but her presence increased after the emergence of talkies. Her best-known film appearances were in Thirteen Chairs with Heinz Rühmann and in The Third Man with Orson Welles, based on the screenplay by Graham Greene . One of the most commercially successful films in which she appeared in a supporting role was the Nazi propaganda film Wunschkonzert (1940).

At the closing of the theaters to 1 September 1944 , she took Adolf Hitler as irreplaceable artist in the gottbegnadeten list on.

In 1953 she was the first after Bernhard Baumeister to celebrate 60 years of membership in the Burgtheater ensemble. 

Hedwig Bleibtreu was first married to the court actor and dramatic teacher at the Conservatory Alexander Roempler (born March  12, 1860 in Berlin ; †  December 18, 1909 in Vienna), the second to the Burgtheater director Max Paulsen (stage name Peter Petersen). Her sister Maximiliane Bleibtreu married Mebus (born August 1, 1870 in Preßburg , † April 16, 1923 in Dresden ) made her debut in 1890 at the Theater an der Wien ; after moving to Dresden she was appointed Royal Saxon Court Actress. Hedwig Bleibtreu's great-niece Monica Bleibtreu (1944–2009) was a distinguished film and theater actress, her son Moritz Bleibtreu (* 1971) is a well-known film actor in the younger German cinema.

Hedwig Bleibtreu is buried (as Hedwig Paulsen) in an honorary grave   at the Pötzleinsdorf cemetery (group F, number 88/89 ) in Vienna. In 1981 the Bleibtreustraße in Vienna- Simmering (11th district) was named after her.




  • Mitzi Friedmann : Hedwig Bleibtreu. The portrait of an actress . Augartenverlag Stephan Szabo, Vienna / Leipzig 1933.
  • Gertrud Doublier, Walter Zeleny: Hedwig Bleibtreu. The essence and world of a great actress from the castle (on her 80th birthday on December 23, 1948) . Donau-Verlag, Vienna 1948.

Web links

Commons : Hedwig Bleibtreu  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Viktor Reimann : Dr. Joseph Goebbels . Molden Taschenbuch Verlag, Vienna, Munich 1976, ISBN 3-217-05018-5 , p. 216, reference to pencil entry in the list
  2. Hedwig Bleibtreu has died . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna January 26, 1958, p. 7 ( berufer-zeitung.at - the open online archive - digitized).
  3. † Alexander Römpler. In:  Neue Freie Presse , Morgenblatt (No. 16282/1909), December 19, 1909, p. 14. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp.
  4. Little Chronicle. (...) deaths. (...) We are told from Dresden: Today died here (...). In:  Neue Freie Presse , Morgenblatt, No. 21049/1923, April 17, 1923, p. 9, top center. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp.
  5. Maximiliane Bleibtreu . In: dresden.stadtwiki.de , August 7, 2012, accessed on November 28, 2012.
  6. Municipal Department 53 : Vienna 1958: Reports from January 1958. (…) January 27, 1958: City of Vienna dedicates grave to Hedwig Bleibtreu . In: wien.gv.at , accessed on March 21, 2012.
  7. ^ Cooperative of German Stage Members: German Stage Yearbook. Theater history year and address book . Vintage XLV. Günther & Sohn, Berlin 1934, ZDB -ID 1232-4 .
  8. List of all decorations awarded by the Federal President for services to the Republic of Austria from 1952 (PDF; 6.9 MB)


  1. On a tour of the anniversary exhibition in the Vienna Künstlerhaus on March 18, 1911, Emperor Franz Joseph I named Hedwig Bleibtreu " My first tragic woman " when he looked at her portrait bust made by Karl Maria Schwerdtner (1874–1916). - See: The opening of the anniversary exhibition in the Künstlerhaus. In:  Neue Freie Presse , Abendblatt, No. 16729/1911, March 18, 1911, p. 4, bottom center. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp.
  2. Alexander Roempler died of a heart condition; his mortal shell was taken to Gotha for cremation. - See: Court actor Alexander Römpler. In:  Neue Freie Presse , afternoon paper (No. 16283/1909), December 20, 1909, p. 5, bottom left. (Online at ANNO ). Template: ANNO / Maintenance / nfp.
    Until his death, Roempler lived in the (still existing) villa in Vienna- Währing , Sternwartestrasse  71. On March 26, 1910, the widow offered the house to Arthur Schnitzler , who subsequently, like the previous owner, kept it until his death ( 1931) used. - Renate Wagner: Arthur Schnitzler. A biography . 2nd Edition. Molden, Wien (inter alia) 1981, ISBN 3-217-01198-8 , p. 221.