Höchst industrial park
The Höchst industrial park is the approximately four square kilometer factory site of the former Farbwerke Hoechst AG and one of the largest industrial parks in Germany. It is located in the Frankfurt districts of Höchst , Sindlingen and Schwanheim and, with its southwestern part, in the Kelsterbach district and is traversed by the Main .
Two bridges, the Central Works Bridge and the West Works Bridge, connect the northern and southern parts of the plant. Industriepark Höchst has its own postal code 65926 , which was originally assigned to Hoechst AG in 1993.
The Höchst industrial park is one of the largest chemical and pharmaceutical locations in Europe. The company Infraserv Höchst has been operating it since Hoechst AG was split up in 1998 . It offers the resident companies industrial services such as energy, disposal and security services or facility management . Subsidiaries such as Infraserv Logistics or Provadis complement the portfolio with logistics and training and further education services. The industrial park operator is ultimately responsible for averting danger . It therefore also maintains its own plant fire brigade and a medical supply center, the Occupational Medicine Center.
More than 300 million euros have been invested annually in the Höchst industrial park since 2000, which is more than in the best years of Hoechst AG. The number of companies in the industrial park has risen from around 40 to over 90 since 1997. Sanofi is the largest investor and largest individual company at the site . The number of jobs rose from around 19,000 at the end of the 1990s to around 22,000 since 2005, plus around 1,500 trainees .
Current investment projects in the Höchst Industrial Park include the construction of a research and development center for Clariant and a chlor-alkali electrolysis plant for Akzo Nobel . The largest investment projects in recent years were the construction of a substitute fuel power plant (waste incineration plant) and the new construction of the Ticona plant, which had to make way for the expansion of Frankfurt Airport . Since the beginning of 2007, a citizens' initiative called Human Rights and Healthy Environment has been campaigning against the construction of the substitute fuel power plant, which has collected 6,000 signatures against the project. A citizens' initiative by critics of the industrial park has existed in Höchst since the late 1980s.
To protect the local population from incidents , sirens were installed as early warning instruments. Discussion groups and events, funding measures and a dedicated website serve to facilitate dialogue between industrial park companies and residents.
The Hessian State Office for Environment and Geology (HLUG) operates two air measuring stations in the immediate vicinity of the industrial park to monitor emissions and the approved limit values . While for the station at Höchst station ( ) there is an uninterrupted series of measurements, some of which go back to 1979, the Sindlingen station ( ) dismantled in 1998 and only reinstalled on January 1, 2008. Both stations continuously measure next meteorological data, the concentration of the air pollutants sulfur dioxide , carbon monoxide , nitric oxide , nitrogen dioxide , ozone and particulate matter . The new station in Sindlingen also records measured values for benzene , toluene and m- / p-xylene , the station in Höchst for methane and other hydrocarbons .
A phenomenon that occasionally occurs during winter inversion weather conditions is industrial snow , which is caused by the water vapor emissions from the power plant and the cooling towers in the industrial park. At Christmas 2007, up to 10 centimeters of snow fell in the neighboring districts, while the rest of the Rhine-Main area was snow-free.
The most famous building on the factory premises is the technical administration building , built between 1920 and 1924, also known as the Behrensbau after its architect Peter Behrens . The tower and bridge of the structure were the company logo of Hoechst AG from 1947 to 1997.
The Höchst industrial park is connected by all modes of transport :
- The Kelsterbacher junction is located in the south of the industrial park on the B 40a . From here the A3 at Frankfurt am Main Airport and the A66 at the Krifteler Dreieck can be reached directly. In addition to the South Gate, which is used for truck traffic, there are four other gates that are only passable for cars and two-wheelers. The road network in the Höchst industrial park is 72 kilometers long.
- Frankfurt am Main Airport is about six kilometers south of the industrial park.
- The rail connection of the industrial park branches off to the west of Höchst station from the Frankfurt-Niedernhausen railway line . The internal track network is around 57 kilometers long. The closest passenger station is the Frankfurt-Höchst Farbwerke station at Tor Nord, which is served by the S-Bahn lines S1 and S2.
- The Höchst industrial park has its own inland port. On the north bank there are six risers for handling tankers . A quay wall several hundred meters long extends between the middle works bridge and the Leunabrücke , where ships can also dock. Mainly steam coal is extinguished here . On the south side there is a 450 meter long harbor basin in which several ships can lie at the same time. It is mainly used to deliver rock salt and to handle containers for the Frankfurt Intermodal Terminal . The container terminal links the modes of transport water, rail and road “ trimodally ” with one another. The annual cargo handling is around 2 million tons, including 20,000 containers .
- Pipeline networks supply the industrial park with natural gas and ethylene and are used to distribute technical gases, compressed air , steam , water , refrigerants as well as preliminary and intermediate products. The total length of the pipeline network is around 800 kilometers.
Over 90 companies, primarily from the pharmaceutical , chemical , biotechnology and service sectors have settled here. There are more than 120 production facilities and around 800 laboratory and office buildings in the Höchst industrial park. The most famous companies include:
- Air Liquide Deutschland GmbH (industrial gases)
- Akzo Nobel Industrial Chemicals GmbH (basic chemicals) and Akzo Nobel Functional Chemicals GmbH (construction chemical additives)
- Allessa GmbH (process development and manufacture of chemical intermediates and end products)
- BASF SE (crop protection, digital agriculture)
- Bayer CropScience AG (crop protection)
- Beyer-Mietservice KG (rental of commercial vehicles and machines)
- BIS Industrieservice Mitte GmbH, BIS Prozesstechnik GmbH (Technical Services)
- Cabot Nanogel GmbH ( airgel )
- Cargill GmbH ( biodiesel )
- Celanese Chemicals Europe GmbH (basic chemicals and acetate products), Celanese Emulsions GmbH (dispersions)
- Contargo Industriepark Höchst GmbH (operator of the container terminal )
- Chemfidence Services GmbH & Co. KG (procurement services)
- Clariant Produkte (Deutschland) GmbH (Specialty Chemicals)
- Daikin Refrigerants Europe GmbH (organic and inorganic fluorine products, refrigerants)
- Degussa Bank GmbH (banking services)
- DB Services Südwest GmbH (post office service provider)
- Eurest Deutschland GmbH (gastronomy)
- Euticals GmbH (organic chemical synthesis, production of fine chemicals)
- Grillo-Werke AG (inorganic sulfur and zinc chemistry)
- Infraserv Höchst (industrial services)
- Infraserv Logistics GmbH (logistics services)
- Kuraray Specialties Europe GmbH (polymer chemistry)
- Basell Polyolefine GmbH (plastics)
- Manpower GmbH (personnel services)
- Merck KGaA (specialty chemicals for flat displays)
- New England BioLabs GmbH (biotechnology)
- Provadis GmbH - Partner for Education and Consulting GmbH
- Sanofi-Aventis Germany GmbH (Pharma)
- Siemens AG (process technology and engineering)
- Italmatch Deutschland GmbH (phosphorus derivatives)
- Würth Group Adolf Würth GmbH & Co. KG, UNI ELEKTRO Fachgroßhandel GmbH & Co. KG (fastening and assembly technology)
The Höchst industrial park is not accessible to the general public. Visits are only possible for business purposes after prior registration. Photographs are generally not permitted in Industriepark Höchst.
The Seveso III directive or accident directive of the EU requires, among other things, an appropriate distance between industrial plants with hazardous substances and residential areas. In March 2018, the city of Frankfurt and the chemical companies of the industrial park made the following agreement: There will be no new residential areas within 500 meters, measured from the fences of the industrial park. Apartments can be built at a distance of 500 to around 1000 meters without the fear of complaints from companies; In return, the city of Frankfurt undertakes to take special protective measures.
- Wolfgang Metternich: idea factory. From the inking plants to the Höchst industrial park. Waldemar Kramer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-7829-0576-3
- Frankfurter Rundschau of March 1, 2012
- FAZ of July 4, 2011
- Message from the Frankfurter Neue Presse dated December 11, 2007
- Citizens 'initiative Höchst Schnüffler un' Maagucker eV
- HLUG air monitoring network , current measured values
- Frankfurter Neue Presse of December 22, 2007
- Information for our visits
- Agreement with companies: 3000 new apartments not far from the Höchst industrial park. In: www.faz.net. March 20, 2018, accessed March 20, 2018 .