List of the Counts of Sponheim

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The County of Sponheim went through roughly three main phases over the centuries. The first lasted from the beginnings in the 11th century until the first division of the county into two Sponheim lines around 1234. In this first stage the area was ruled by a single count.

In the second stage, the county was administered by two counts. The Front County of Sponheim ruled the Sponheim-Kreuznach line with its seat on the Kauzenburg near Kreuznach . The rear county of Sponheim was ruled by the Sponheim-Starkenburg line, based for the first time on the Starkenburg near Enkirch , and from 1350 on the Grevenburg near Trarbach . This stage lasted approximately until the two lines became extinct in 1437.

Subsequently, in the third phase, both parts of the county were ruled by common lords, like a condominium . The administration of the rear county of Sponheim was divided between a Palatine branch line ( Pfalz-Simmern , later Pfalz-Zweibrücken , later Pfalz-Birkenfeld ) and Baden , that of the front county Sponheim roughly between Baden and the Electoral Palatinate . The ruling houses of the Sponheim condominium were female descendants of the Sponheimers and carried the title Graf zu Sponheim.


Front county of Sponheim



(Inheritance from Nassau-Saarbrücken)


(Inheritance to Metz-Scharfeneck)

Common lords of the Front County of Sponheim

Electoral Palatinate

(Heir to the Pfalz-Simmern line)

Veldenz and Pfalz-Simmern

(Termination of the Simmern line, inheritance to Pfalz-Neuburg)


(Legal successor was Count Palatine Maximilian von Zweibrücken (see back county))

to bathe

(The Baden-Baden line expires, inheritance falls on the Baden-Durlach line)

Back County Sponheim


Common lords of the rear county of Sponheim

Pfalz-Simmern / -Birkenfeld / -Zweibrücken

  • Wolfgang zu Veldenz (1560–1569)
  • Johann I (1569–1584 as guardian of his brother Karl I)
Pfalz-Birkenfeld-Bischweiler receives Birkenfeld
Pfalz-Bischweiler-Birkenfeld receives Zweibrücken

to bathe

Individual evidence

  • Ä.G. = Oldest count