Disk Alsbach

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Disk Alsbach
Scheid-Alsbach coat of arms
Coordinates: 50 ° 29 ′ 23 ″  N , 11 ° 3 ′ 31 ″  E
Height : 750 m above sea level NHN
Area : 19.74 km²
Residents : 640  (December 28, 2012)
Population density : 32 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 2012
Postal code : 98724
Area code : 036704
Location in the district of Sonneberg
Scheibe-Alsbach with a view from the "Great Gate"
Protestant church
Hotel Schwarzaquelle

Scheibe-Alsbach is a district of the town of Neuhaus am Rennweg in Thuringia in the Sonneberg district . Scheibe-Alsbach was an independent municipality from 1924 to 2012 .


Scheibe-Alsbach consists of the places Scheibe and Alsbach , which are located in the Thuringian Forest and in the Thuringian Slate Mountains , about four kilometers west of Neuhaus am Rennweg. The village is considered the gateway to the Schwarzatal. Platte lies in a gentle valley basin at a height of around 620 meters. Ascending uphill (south), Alsbach joins the district of Limbach directly on the Rennsteig at 750 meters above sea level. The Schwarza rises in the east of the municipality . It is dammed after a few 100 meters in the Schwarzatalsperre. The reservoir has served as a drinking water supply since 1987; a modern processing plant was built for this in the immediate vicinity. North of Scheibe-Alsbach on the Farmdenkopf is the upper basin of the Goldisthal pumped storage power plant with a dam height of 870 meters and thus represents the highest point in the Thuringian Slate Mountains.

The neighboring communities and places of Scheibe-Alsbach are clockwise, starting in the north: Goldisthal - Katzhütte - Neuhaus am Rennweg - Steinheid - Limbach - Siegmundsburg - Friedrichshöhe .



The beginnings of Scheibe date back to 1618. In the Coburg caste register from 1492–1510 the name Scheuba-Scheibe is mentioned in the description of the Forschengreuther Forest. The name itself could be of Slavic origin. At first there was an iron hammer with a smelting plant and about two or three houses for the workers. The hammer mill was destroyed in the Thirty Years War and was not put back into operation. In 1737 the former manor house became a forester's house. Lumberjacks were given building sites there free of charge by the Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt rulers . The residents of Scheibe were parish off to Meuselbach , three (feet) hours away . From 1740 onwards, due to the great distance through impassable forest to Meuselbach, after the conclusion of a recess , Scheibe was given church care by Steinheid in neighboring Saxony-Meiningen . The way to Steinheid was not that far, but still arduous because it was only uphill for an hour.

In 1780 the place consisted of eleven houses, a forester's house, a soot hut and a cutting mill . Also since 1780 there was a teacher in the village who taught the five to six children privately. Only then did a divine sack be erected, as in winter one had previously been forced to leave the bodies unburied for weeks. In 1796 a Schulze (mayor) was appointed for the first time . In 1821 a school was built. In 1835, Louis Oels from Blankenhain founded the Scheiben-Alsbach porcelain factory , which was passed on to Messrs. Kister and Dressel in 1843. With the establishment of the porcelain factory, Scheibe grew rapidly. In 1838 the residents of the neighboring glassworks village Habichtsbach , which had been founded in 1735 by glaziers from narrow beech , were forced to move . In 1815 it consisted of three houses and had 28 residents. August Gehring acted as the first pastor of Scheibe, who collected around 5000 guilders for the building of a church on a trip to collectives from 1842 to 1845 .


Old spelling: Altesbach. The place owes its origin to the construction of a hollow glass works, which was built in 1711 by Johann Nicol Greiner from narrow beech. This soon fell into disrepair and was auctioned in 1726 for 200 Meissen gulden to the glass master Georg Greiner from Stützerbach. He had acquired the glassworks for his sons Martin, Gottlieb and Gottfried. Gottfried's son, Johann Gotthelf Greiner , invented Thuringian porcelain together with his cousin and later brother-in-law Gottfried Greiner. Johann Gotthelf Greiner is rightly considered the founder of the Thuringian porcelain industry. In 1813 the place consisted of 6 houses and 61 inhabitants. In 1842 the first Schulze was elected. In 1861 a postal expedition was set up.

At the end of the Second World War , Paul Gebhardt hoisted a white flag on his house. He was shot dead by SS members leaving . His grave in the cemetery commemorates this event. Another resident, the Catholic pastor Ludwig Jacquat, had been arrested by the Gestapo in Weimar and murdered in a mass shooting in Webicht , a forest near Weimar.

Disk Alsbach

Since its foundation, Scheibe, like Alsbach, belonged to the Schwarzburg office, later to the royal Schwarzburg district administration office in Königsee and from 1922 to the Rudolstadt district . On October 1, 1923, Alsbach was incorporated into Scheibe and on February 13, 1924, Scheibe was renamed to Scheibe-Alsbach. On July 25, 1952, the community came to the Neuhaus am Rennweg district and with its dissolution in 1994 to the Sonneberg district. On December 31, 2012, the community of Scheibe-Alsbach was incorporated into the town of Neuhaus am Rennweg . The fulfilling municipality for Scheibe-Alsbach was previously Neuhaus am Rennweg.

coat of arms

The coat of arms (approved on July 11, 1994) shows the connection of the place with the biathlon sport . The lion as the family coat of arms of the Counts of Schwarzburg is evidenced by a silver sloping wavy bar with five black discs, symbolizing both the place name and the disc surface in the biathlon.

Culture and sights

Economy and Transport

In the past, forestry and glass and porcelain production were of particular importance in Scheibe-Alsbach. However, after 1990 these industries disappeared. Today tourism is the main source of income for the place.

Roads lead from Scheibe-Alsbach to Katzhütte and Steinheid . In the south the place touches the B 281 , which connects Neuhaus am Rennweg and Eisfeld .


  • Johann Gotthelf Greiner (* 1732 in Alsbach; † 1797 in Limbach) was a glassmaker and co-inventor of Thuringian porcelain.
  • Otto Poertzel (* 1876 in Scheibe; † 1963 in Coburg ) was a German artist
  • Wolfgang Kiesewetter (* 1924 in Scheibe-Alsbach; † 1991) was a German diplomat (GDR), deputy foreign minister (GDR), special ambassador in Cairo , ambassador to Sweden
  • Mark Kirchner (* 1970), German biathlete and national coach, lives in Scheibe-Alsbach


  • Berthold Sigismund : Regional studies of the principality of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. Part 2: Local knowledge of supremacy. Hofbuchhandlung, Rudolstadt 1863.
  • Joseph Sempert: The settlements in the sovereignty of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt. A contribution to the settlement history of Thuringia. Mannicke and Jahn, Rudolstadt 1909, (at the same time: Leipzig, university, dissertation, 1909).
  • Friedrich Lütge : The agricultural constitution of the early Middle Ages in Central Germany, primarily in the Carolingian period. Gustav Fischer, Jena 1937.

Individual evidence

  1. August Gehring: Commemorative book of my collecting trip or description of the forest locations Scheibe and Alsbach. Froebel, Rudolstadt 1847.
  2. Thuringian Association of the Persecuted of the Nazi Regime - Association of Antifascists and Study Group of German Resistance 1933–1945 (Ed.): Local history guide to sites of resistance and persecution 1933–1945. Volume 8: Thuringia. VAS - Verlag für Akademische Schriften, Frankfurt am Main 2003, ISBN 3-88864-343-0 , p. 287.
  3. http://www.thueringen.de/imperia/md/content/staatsarchive/rudolstadt/repertorien/ov_2004.pdf
  4. StBA: Area changes from January 1st to December 31st, 2012

Web links

Commons : Scheibe-Alsbach  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files