Skassa (Grossenhain)

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Large district town of Großenhain
Coordinates: 51 ° 17 ′ 17 ″  N , 13 ° 28 ′ 34 ″  E
Residents : 253  (December 31, 2014)
Incorporation : January 1, 1994
Postal code : 01558
Area code : 03522
Skassa (Saxony)

Location of Skassa in Saxony

Skassa is a district of the large district town of Großenhain in the district of Meißen in Saxony with currently 253 inhabitants. Skassa was mentioned in documents before 1190 as Zcassowe , 1205 as Schassowe and 1261 as Scassowe , 1350 as castrum Sc [h] assowe and 1711 as Sckassa .


Großenhain is located in the northern district of Meißen directly at the intersection of the former Via Regia and the former Saxon Salt Road on the Große Röder , the place Skassa about 2 km west of the center of Großenhain at the bend of the river to the north.


Sckassa depicted on Adam Friedrich Zürner's Special Landt Charte von Großenhain from 1711.

Skassa, formerly known as Zcassowe and Sc [h] assowe , was first mentioned as a manor with the noble knight Hoyer von Schassowe in a document from the Altzelle monastery before 1190. It probably remained in his family until the end of the 14th century.

In 1445 today's Neumühle was called. For 1474, a manor with a large number of servants is occupied, which is therefore interpreted as a manor. For Saxony, this would then be the first evidence that the landed nobility were self-sufficient . As a result of the Thirty Years' War , the plague broke out in the village on December 6, 1631. After the war, looting and devastation left 26 farmers, gardeners and cottagers in desolation, making it possible to lay farmers. The place was destroyed except for the two mills. Soon afterwards a new village was built in the same place.

Adam Friedrich Zürner Memorial in Skassa near Großenhain

In 1705 the then 26-year-old Adam Friedrich Zürner from Marieney in Vogtland took over the pastor's post in Skassa after studying theology at the University of Leipzig and graduating in Wittenberg . The following year he married the pastor's daughter Magdalena Sophie Cadner, who was 10 years his junior, and had the rectory expanded for his surveying work. His Special Landt Charte of Grossenhain was presented to Elector August the Strong on April 24, 1711 , who wanted an identical map for the Dresden office and on April 12, 1713 then issued the order for all offices of the Electorate of Saxony. For this purpose, Zürner constructed a geographic measuring vehicle . From 1721 the Saxon post mile columns were built in the Saxon cities and along the post roads. Zürner's wife died on May 22, 1721 in Skassa. The marriage lasted 15 years and had four children. After his appointment as "Land and Border Commissioner" Zürner gave up his position as pastor in Skassa and in 1722 moved to Dresden. Today he is considered the father of the post mile and distance columns in the Saxon Kingdom and also campaigned for the creation of a uniform measure of length in Saxony.

Zürner measuring car on a postage stamp

On September 23, 1761 Colonel George Rudolph von Hessler became the owner of Skassa. At that time there was next to the upper village with the manor , a sheep farm , two threshing houses , a smithy with tavern and distillery as well as a lower village with a steam distillery , a castle mill, the church and the school room . Since Skassa was a church village , the schoolroom was under church management.

Population development

  • 1994: 321 inhabitants
  • 2014: 253 inhabitants

Architectural monuments


The Skassa church was rebuilt between 1756 and 1758 in the Rococo style on the site of a late Gothic previous building. The construction work was headed by Colonel George Rudolph Hessler, the Skassa manor at the time , who also helped finance the construction of the church, paying particular attention to the establishment of a stately prayer room. There was so much material nachverwendet the previous church as possible and in addition also by hand and clamping services saved the parishioners to the construction costs. For example, the pulpit and the altar were made of Cotta sandstone , but made marble-like with a plaster coating . Nevertheless, the tower remained unfinished and was only completed around a hundred years later. The original equipment of the church including the organ has been preserved to this day.


Next to the road to Wildenhain, the Neumühle was built in 1847 in place of the mill from 1445, which has now been in the same family for several generations.


Skassa and the city of Großenhain have been part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church District of Großenhain since the Reformation was introduced in 1548 . The villages of Skassa and Weißig bei Großenhain belong to the parish of Skassa.


  • 1190 - 1990. 800 years of Skassa , local brochure, Skassa 1990, no ISBN, 25 pages

Web links

Commons : Skassa  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Website of the municipality of Großenhain zu Skassa ( Memento of the original from April 2, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  2. Susanne Baudisch: Historical place directory of Saxony . Skassa. 2 NZ. Leipziger Universitätsverlag, Leipzig 2006, ISBN 978-3-937209-15-9 , pp. 709 ( [1] [accessed November 28, 2019]).
  3. a b Skassa in the Digital Historical Directory of Saxony
  4. ^ Gustav Adolf Pönicke (Ed.): Album of the manors and castles in the Kingdom of Saxony . Meissner Kreis: Skassa. tape II . Expedition of the album of Saxon manors and castles, Leipzig 1856, p. 93 ( [2] [accessed November 25, 2019]).
  5. ^ Lutz Heydick et al.: Historical guide. Sites and monuments of history in the districts of Dresden, Cottbus , Urania-Verlag, Leipzig Jena Berlin 1982, p. 173
  6. printed by Carl Wilhelm Hering: History of the Saxon Highlands ... 2nd part. Published by Johann Ambrosius Barth. Leipzig 1828, page 124 Google , accessed on March 6, 2015
  7. Neumühle Skassa website , (accessed March 6, 2015)