Toronto Blue Jays
Toronto Blue Jays
founded in 1977
|Blue, black, white, red
|Ball park (s)|
|Website : http://www.bluejays.com/|
The Toronto Blue Jays are a Canadian Major League - Baseball team. You play in the Eastern Division of the American League . They play their home games at the Rogers Center ( called SkyDome until 2005 ) in Toronto . Since the Expos de Montréal moved to Washington, DC in 2005, they are the only remaining non-US team in the Major Leagues. The players wear a stylized blue jay ( blue jay ) on their jerseys and hats. In a broader sense, the Blue Jays also use the red maple leaf as a symbol.
Founded until 1993
Founded in 1977, the Blue Jays became the second non-US team (alongside the Montreal Expos) in the MLB . In the first few years the team only placed itself on the last division positions (at that time still divided into two parts: East and West), until 1983 the first season with a positive result (more victories than defeats) was reached. After a second place in 1984, the first highlight was set in 1985 with a division title, but the final for victory in the American League was lost 3: 4 against the eventual World Series winners Kansas City Royals . In the next three years only respectable successes, but no postseason places were achieved. Pat Gillick acted as general manager (comparable to a club president) from 1978 to 1994.
In 1989 it was that time again that the American League East could be won again; the team played their games in the newly built SkyDome (today's Rogers Center ) since June 1989 . Against the Oakland Athletics , however, the AL Championship Series was again lost (1: 4). Second in 1990, the Blue Jays' most successful period ever followed over the next three years. In 1991 the third division title was achieved with a record of 91 wins and 71 losses, but again lost the AL final with 1: 4 (against the Minnesota Twins, which were also successful in the World Series .
Among other things, by poaching the pitcher Jack Morris from the Twins, the Blue Jays continued to strengthen in 1992, so that it was not only enough for the second division win in a row, but also for the first AL and even World Series titles. Against the Oakland Athletics the ALCS was won 4-2. In the 1992 World Series , the team finally got the upper hand against the Atlanta Braves 4-2. The decision was made in a hard-fought sixth game in Atlanta, which the Braves were able to level 2-2 in the ninth (last regular) inning , but then lost in the second extra round 3-4.
In the 1993 World Series , this title could be defended what the Blue Jays in the American League the most successful of the 1970s newly added teams ( expansion franchises makes). New to the team this season was Paul Molitor as Designated Hitter and, during the current season, Rickey Henderson , both later Hall of Fame members. After a victory in the ALCS over the Chicago White Sox (4: 2), the second World Series title was won with the same result against the Philadelphia Phillies . The fourth game of the World Series, which the Blue Jays won with 15:14, was particularly memorable.
1994 until today
In the 1994 season, which was interrupted by a players' strike, the Blue Jays fell, despite great expectations, to a third place in the American League East, which has now been reduced from seven to five teams (with 60 defeats and 55 wins). Even the commitment of the star pitcher Roger Clemens in 1997, who won the Triple Crown two years in a row , could not prevent the mediocre to poor record in the years 1995 to 1998. The Blue Jays followed the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox from then on.
A respectable success could be achieved in 2006 with a second place in the American League East, which was not enough to win the wild card. Even in the following years, the postseason could not be reached. 2010 also ended the second term of office of Cito Gaston as manager of the Blue Jays, who determined the fortunes of the team from 1989–1997 and 2008–2010. On October 25, 2010 the Blue Jays named John Farrell , the previous pitching coach of the Boston Red Sox, as his successor . Farrell left the team after just two seasons, and John Gibbons , who had coached Toronto from 2004 to 2008, returned.
After the weak 2013 season with the last place in the division, the Blue Jays managed a strong start to the 2014 season, which brought them to first place in the table for a while. In the second half of the season, however, the lead was lost and Toronto missed the playoffs by 5 wins.
In 2015, the first playoff entry since 1993 succeeded, whereby the Blue Jays finally ended the longest series of missed playoffs at that time (22 years) in American professional sport. After winning the AL East, they played in the American League Division Series against the Texas Rangers and won the best-of-five series 3-2. In the American League Championship Series, however, Kansas City Royals ended up against the eventual World Series winners , the best-of-seven series was lost 4-2.
|American League East 2008-2018|
|2008||TB (11)||BOS (9)||NYY (3)||86-76||BAL (18)||––|
|2009||NYY (28)||BOS (20)||TB (9)||75-87||BAL (11)||––|
|2010||TB (11)||NYY (10)||BOS (4)||85-77||BAL (19)||––|
|2011||NYY (16)||TB (10)||BOS (9)||81 - 81||BAL (12)||––|
|2012||NYY (22)||BAL (20)||TB (17)||73-89||BOS (4)||––|
|2013||BOS (23)||TB (17)||BAL (11)||NYY (11)||74-88||––|
|2014||BAL (13)||NYY (1)||83-79||TB (6)||BOS (12)||––|
|2015||93-69||NYY (6)||BAL (12)||TB (13)||BOS (15)|
|2016||BOS (4)||89-73||BAL (0)||NYY (5)||TB (21)|
|2017||BOS (17)||NYY (15)||TB (4)||76-86||BAL (1)||––|
|2018||BOS (35)||NYY (27)||TB (17)||73-89||BAL (26)||––|
The colored cells describe your own performance in the AL East, the numbers in brackets the distances ( games behind ) to the other teams at the end of the season.
Members of the Baseball Hall of Fame
|Toronto Blue Jays Hall of Famers|
|Membership in the National Baseball Hall of Fame|
Players in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame boards with Toronto Blue Jays badges.
Numbers that are no longer assigned
Honored in 1997
|Toronto Blue Jays players|
|Active players (25-player group)||Inactive players (40-player group)||Trainer / Others|
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the number of players in the active squad at the beginning of the 2020 MLB season on 23/24. July increased to 30 players. Two weeks later there was a scheduled reduction to 28 players. Another two weeks later, the number of players is to be reduced to 26 and maintained for the entire 2020 season. In the case of double-headers , the teams may appoint a 27th player to the active squad.
Toronto Blue Jays minor league teams
- AAA : Buffalo bison , Buffalo , New York , International League
- AA : New Hampshire Fisher Cats , Manchester , New Hampshire , Eastern League
- Advanced A : Dunedin Blue Jays , Dunedin , Florida , Florida State League
- A : Lansing Lugnuts , Lansing , Michigan , Midwest League
- Short Season A : Vancouver Canadians , Vancouver , British Columbia , Northwest League
- Rookie-Advanced : Bluefield Blue Jays, Bluefield , Virginia / West Virginia , Appalachian League
- Rookie : GCL Blue Jays , Dunedin, Florida, Gulf Coast League
- Rookie : DSL Blue Jays , San Pedro de Macorís , Dominican Republic , Dominican Summer League
- NN: Baseball in Canada. The Toronto Blue Jays, in Frank Norbert Nagel Ed .: Canada. From Acadia to the Yukon. Books on Demand , Norderstedt 2013, pp. 107 - 110 (available online)
- Blue Jay's name Farrell new manager . In: mlb.mlb.com . Retrieved October 25, 2010.
- https://www.mlb.com/news/mlb-roster-transaction-rules-for-2020-season (English) accessed on: August 16, 2020
- Toronto Blue Jays Minor League Affiliates. In: baseball-reference.com. Retrieved December 22, 2017 (English).