founded in 1882
|The Big Red Machine|
|Red, white, black
|Ball park (s)|
|Website : http://www.reds.com|
The Cincinnati Reds are an American baseball team based in Cincinnati , Ohio . You play in Major League Baseball in the Central Division of the National League . The team has played their home games at the Great American Ball Park since 2003 . The team was previously based at Riverfront Stadium .
The team was founded in 1869 as the Cincinnati Red Stockings, making it the oldest professional baseball team. The foundation was made possible financially by local patrons . The team traveled around and played against various local amateur teams. They were undefeated over 130 games in 1869/70. You were a founding member of the first professional league, the National League , in 1876 , but were expelled in 1880 due to irregularities. Between 1880 and 1890, the Red Stockings played primarily in the American Association . The Cincinnati Reds have been playing in the NL again since 1890. World Series winners were the Reds in 1919 , 1940, 1975, 1976 and 1990 . Between 1953 and 1958, the team operated under the name Cincinnati Redlegs in order not to evoke any unwanted associations with communism in the course of the Red Scare of the McCarthy era .
The Reds had their last great heyday in the 1970s, when people also spoke of the "Big Red Machine". The 1975 World Series against the Boston Red Sox became an absolute classic , and in 1976 the great Yankees were beaten for the championship with four to zero games ( four game sweep ). Since then, however, there has been almost no major success. Only in 1990 could the World Series be won against the Oakland A's with a 4-0 sweep.
The Big Red Machine (1970-1976)
In 1970 the hitherto little known George "Sparky" Anderson was hired as manager and the Reds experienced a heyday when the team was nicknamed "The Big Red Machine". The Reds played at Crosley Field Ballpark through June 30, then moved to the brand new Riverfront Stadium , a 52,000-seat multi-purpose arena on the banks of the Ohio River . The Reds got off to a spectacular start to the 1970 season as they won 70 of their first 100 games. Johnny Bench, Tony Perez, Pete Rose , Lee May and Bobby Tolan led the offensive of the early "Big Red Machine". Gary Nolan, Jim Merritt, Wayne Simpson and Jim McGlothlin were the pitchers that were supported by the veteran Tony Cloninger and Clay Carroll and youngsters Pedro Borbon and Don Gullett. In 1970 the Reds not only won their division, the National League (NL) West, without any major problems, but also prevailed in 3 games against the Pittsburgh Pirates in the National League Championship Series (NCLS). So the club reached the World Series early on, in which the young troupe, but the experienced Baltimore Orioles, had to admit defeat.
After the poor performance in the 1971 season, incidentally the only season in the 1970s that the Reds ended with more defeats than wins, 79-83 wins, the club repositioned itself. They traded Jimmy Stewart, Lee May and Tommy helms for Joe Morgan, Cesar Geronimo, Jack Billingham, Ed Armbruster and Denis Menke. Meanwhile, Dave Concepcion thrived in the short stop position . Another important key to future World Series titles was the signing of George Foster. He came in exchange with shortstop Frank Duffy of the San Francisco Giants .
In 1972 the Reds won the National League (NL) West with 95-59 wins. (1972 was the first baseball season to be shortened by a strike.) In the NLCS, they defeated last year's World Series winner, the Pittsburgh Pirates, in an exciting 5 games and moved into the Worls Series as favorites against the Oakland Athletics . Since the right fielder and batsman Reggie Jackson could not play due to an injury, the Ohio native Gene Tenace got a chance to play for Oakland in the World Series. He hit 4 home runs , setting the record for home runs in the World Series and leading Oakland to the title in a dramatic 7 games. Six of the seven games were won with only one run difference. Cincinnati couldn't win a home game at Riverfront Stadium.
The Reds won again the division title in the NL West in 1973, after a great chase of 10.5 games on the Los Angeles Dodgers with 99-63 wins. But this time it was over in the NLCS. The Reds lost in 5 games to the New York Mets . In the first game, Tom Seaver (Mets) and Jack Billingham (Reds) faced each other in a classic pitching duel. New York's John Millner gave the Mets a 1-0 lead. In the 8th inning, Pete Rose equalized the game to 1-1 with a solo home run and set the stage for Johnny Bench, who with another solo home run at the end of the 9th inning marked the dramatic conclusion to a 2-1 win for the Reds sat. The Mets won the second game 5-0 at Shea Stadium in New York. In the third game, the Mets quickly led 6-0 after the 2nd inning. The Reds, now known as "Cincinnati's Big Red Machine", were very frustrated. In the 5th inning, Pete Rose slipped hard into 2nd baseman of the Mets, Bud Harrelson, in a double play attempt. A scuffle broke out, which ended in a mass brawl of all players and those responsible on the field. The Reds lost 9-2. After what happened in Game 3, there was great tension in Game Four. The Reds eventually won 2-1 after a solo home run by Pete Rose in the 12th inning. The decisive fifth game was lost 7-2.
In 1974 the Reds won 98-74 games, but were only second in the NL West behind the Los Angeles Dodgers with 102 wins. There was a lot of excitement at the start of the season. Hank Aaron and the Atlanta Braves were in town, Hank Aaron (713 HR) was only one home run missing to set Babe Ruth's (714 HR) record . With Jack Billingham's first pitch on Aaron, he got his homerun number 714 and drew level with Babe Ruth. 1974 also marked the debut of Red's Hall of Fame announcer (radio announcer) Marty Brennaman, who replaced Al Michaels. Michaels moved to the San Francisco Giants and took over the radio coverage there. Brennaman has reported on all of the Cincinnati Reds' games to date.
In 1975 the starting line-up of the "Big Red Machine" solidified with Johnny Bench (catcher), Tony Perez (1st base), Joe Morgan (2nd base), Dave Concepcion (shortstop), Pete Rose (3rd base), Ken Griffey (right field) ), Cesar Geronimo (Center Field) and George Foster (Left Field). The starting pitcher were, Don Gullett, Fred Norman, Gary Nolan, Jack Billingham, Pat Darcy and Clay Kirby. The bullpen completes Rawly Eastwick and Will McEnaney with a total of 37 saves and veterans Pedro Borbon and Clay Carroll. On the opening day Rose was still playing in left field, Foster was not a starter on 3rd base, but only a replacement behind John Vukovich. Vukovich was a great outfield player but a poor hitter. In May after a poor start to the season, manager "Sparky" Anderson switched. He put Rose on 3rd base, a position he had little experience in. Foster was ordered into left field. This brave move was the key to a reliable defense and to 1st place in NL West, ahead of the Los Angeles Dodgers. There are 2 notable statistics during this season. 1. The Reds won after converting 41 of 50 games in the second half of the season 2. The Reds made no mistakes in defense for a month . In the 1975 season, the Cincinnati Reds won the NL West with 108-54 wins. Then they knocked the Pittsburgh Pirates off the field in 3 games and deservedly won the National League pennant. In the 1975 World Series , the Boston Red Sox were the opponents. After 4 games it was 2-2. The Reds won the 5th game. After a 3-day break in the rain, Game 6 turned into one of the most memorable baseball games in the World Series. The Reds were already 6-3. The Boston Red Sox equalized with a 3 run home run from former Reds player Bernie Cargo. After a few close decisions on both sides, it was Carlton Fisk who hit the winning home run in the 12th inning. The Red Sox won the 6th game 7-6 and forced the all-important game 7. Cincinnati won the last game 4-3 in Boston the next day. This victory brought the first championship in 35 years, since 1940.
In 1976, the Reds returned with the same starting line-up as in 1975. They won the NL West by 10 games over the Los Angeles Dodgers with 102-60 wins. They remained undefeated throughout the play-offs. In the NLCS, the Reds defeated the Philadelphia Phillies clearly in 3 games (sweep) and moved into the 1976 World Series . There they defeated the New York Yankees in the then newly renovated Yankee Stadium with a sweep with 4-0 wins. The World Series games at New York's Yankee Stadium were the first since 1964 and it was only the second sweep ever for the Yankees in the finals. The Reds were the first National League (NL) team behind the New York Giants in 1921/1922 to win the 2 World Series titles in a row and the "Big Red Machine" from 1975/1976 is still considered one of the best baseball teams of all time. In the history of the MLB, no team from the National League (NL) has managed to defend its title since 1976.
Since winning the National League (NL) flag in 1970, the Cincinnati Reds beat either the Pittsburgh Pirates or the Philadelphia Phillies in the National League Championship Series (NLCS). (Pirates 1970, 1972, 1975, and 1990, Phillies 1976.) That made the Big Red Machine part of the rivalry between the Pennsylvania-based teams Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. In 1979, Pete Rose added fuel to the fire of the Phillies rivalry when he signed a deal in Philadelphia and won their first World Series with the Phillies in 1980!
Numbers that are no longer assigned
- 1 Fred Hutchinson
- 5 Johnny Bench
- 8 Joe Morgan
- 10 Sparky Anderson
- 11 Barry Larkin
- 13 Dave Concepcion
- 14 Pete Rose
- 18 Ted Kluszewski
- 20 Frank Robinson
- 24 Tony Perez
- 42 Jackie Robinson (at any Major League Baseball club)
Members of the Baseball Hall of Fame
|Cincinnati Reds Hall of Famers|
|Membership in the National Baseball Hall of Fame|
|as a player
as a manager or an official
Players in bold are depicted with Reds badges on their Hall of Fame boards.
|Cincinnati Reds players|
|Active players (25-player group)||Inactive players (40-player group)||Trainer / Others|
Injury list (60 days)
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the number of players in the active squad at the beginning of the 2020 MLB season on 23/24. July increased to 30 players. Two weeks later there was a scheduled reduction to 28 players. Another two weeks later, the number of players is to be reduced to 26 and maintained for the entire 2020 season. In the case of double-headers , the teams may appoint a 27th player to the active squad.
Cincinnati Reds minor league teams
- AAA : Louisville Bats , Louisville , Kentucky
- AA : Pensacola Blue Wahoos , Pensacola , Florida
- Advanced A : Daytona Tortugas , Daytona Beach , Florida
- A : Dayton Dragons , Dayton , Ohio
- Rookie : Billings Mustangs , Billings , Montana
- Rookie : Greeneville Reds , Greeneville , Tennessee
- Rookie : Arizona League Reds , Goodyear , Arizona
- Rookie : Dominican Reds , Dominican Republic
- Richard M. Fried: Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective. Oxford et al. 1990, ISBN 978-0-19-504360-0 .
- Richard M. Fried: Nightmare in Red: The McCarthy Era in Perspective . Oxford et al. 1990. ISBN 978-0-19-504360-0 .
- https://www.mlb.com/news/mlb-roster-transaction-rules-for-2020-season accessed on: August 20, 2020
- Official site of the Cincinnati Reds (English)