founded in 1894
|Black, orange, white
|Ball park (s)|
|Website : http://baltimore.orioles.mlb.com/|
The Baltimore Orioles are a major league baseball team of the American League , based in Baltimore in the US state of Maryland . The club plays its home games at Oriole Park at Camden Yards . Orioles' heraldic animal is the eponymous Baltimoretrupial ( Icterus galbula ), a North American songbird that the players show on their hats.
The history of the Baltimore Orioles goes back to the Milwaukee Brewers of the Western League , which was founded in 1894 . In 1900 the Western League was renamed the American League and in 1901 it was declared a Major League , in which the Brewers were a founding member. After just one season, the team then moved from Milwaukee to St. Louis .
St. Louis Browns
In St. Louis the team was renamed St. Louis Browns in memory of the original team from the 1880s now known as the St. Louis Cardinals . For most of the years in St. Louis, the Browns were a mediocre to poor team that only had some good seasons in the 1920s but couldn't jeopardize its league rivals like the New York Yankees or the Washington Senators . They always remained in the shadow of their city rivals in the National League . As early as 1941 , the Browns were a candidate for the American League to move to Los Angeles, but this was prevented by the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 . In the war year 1944 alone , the Browns were able to win a title in the American League, but failed because of the Cardinals in the World Series . At that time, the Philadelphia Phillies and Brooklyn Dodgers were the only three teams in professional baseball that could not win a World Series.
In 1953 the St. Louis Cardinals were taken over by the Anheuser-Busch brewery . Bill Veeck, the majority owner of the Browns, recognized the economic potential that was now in the city rival, and planned again to move to another city. Veeck's move plans had already been rejected by the owners of the other clubs in the 1940s, when a move to Milwaukee was planned. This fate threatened him now as well. So he decided to sell the team to a Baltimore-based group. Without Veeck, the remaining owners agreed to the team's move to Baltimore.
In Baltimore, the team was immediately renamed the Baltimore Orioles , a name that had a long tradition in the city. In the last decade of the 19th century there was a team under this name in the National League, in which Willie Keeler , John McGraw , Wilbert Robinson and Hughie Jennings played various members of the Baseball Hall of Fame . The New York Yankees also played their first year in the American League as the Baltimore Orioles before moving to New York. Also under the name Orioles, a team played in the International League from 1903 to 1953 at the AAA level of the Minor Leagues . From this team, Babe Ruth moved to the Boston Red Sox in 1916 .
It took the new Orioles six years to play for the championship in the American League. A well-functioning farm system made players such as Brooks Robinson , Boog Powell and Dave McNally star players. In 1966 , Frank Robinson moved from the Cincinnati Reds to the Orioles. Robinson was the first player to be voted MVP in both leagues . That year, the Orioles won the American League title for the first time in Baltimore. In the World Series, the O's were able to defeat the favored Los Angeles Dodgers with their star throwers Don Drysdale and Sandy Koufax 4-0.
The Orioles celebrated their next title in 1969 when they won the division title in the AL East. Among other things, thanks to the strong performance of their pitcher Jim Palmer , the Orioles were able to record 109 victories this season. In the first American League Championship Series (ALCS), Baltimore defeated the Minnesota Twins 3-0 and went into the 1969 World Series as favorites against the New York Mets . However, the Mets retained the upper hand 4-1.
In 1970 the Orioles had three pitchers in their ranks, Jim Palmer , Dave McNally and Mike Cuellar , who won at least 20 games. In the ALCS, the Minnesota Twins were again defeated 3-0. In the World Series, the Orioles won their second title against the Cincinnati Reds 4-1 games. The following year, Pat Dobson joined the other three throwers, so that four Orioles pitchers exceeded the mark of 20 wins in 1971 . Oakland was beaten 3-0 in the ALCS, but the Pittsburgh Pirates with superstar Roberto Clemente were unbeatable in the finals. Under manager Earl Weaver , the Orioles were the team with the most wins in baseball in 1966-1982. In 1983 the Orioles won their last World Series to date against the Philadelphia Phillies .
Two years earlier, Cal Ripken Jr. wore the Orioles jersey in the Major Leagues for the first time . Until his resignation in 2001 , he was the focus of his team. From May 30, 1982 to September 20, 1998 Ripken played in every game and beat Lou Gehrig's record by over three seasons.
The move to the new Oriole Park stadium at Camden Yards followed in 1992 . In the new stadium and with players like BJ Surhoff , Randy Myers and Roberto Alomar , the Orioles built on their performances in the 1970s and reached the play-offs in 1996 and 1997 . There they had to admit defeat to the Yankees and the Cleveland Indians .
In recent years the Orioles have been very unsuccessful and had to come to terms with the penultimate place in the (very competitive) East Division before the Tampa Bay Devil Rays , which were notoriously unsuccessful until 2007 , and after their strengthening from 2008 even with the last place.
In the 2010 season , the manager was fired twice because of the continued unsuccessfulness. However, the change to the third coach of the year, Buck Showalter , had a positive effect: In the last 57 games of the season, 34 wins and thus a positive record under the new manager were achieved (after only 32 wins in the previous 105 games), but what nothing changed in the last place in the division. In 2011, however, this short-term trend did not continue, so that the Orioles remained at the bottom of their division in their division.
2012 post season
In Game 3 of the Division Series against the New York Yankees, both rookies Ryan Flaherty and Manny Machado hit a home run. Never before have two rookies on the same team achieved something like this in the post season. In the Best of Five series, the Orioles scored 3 or fewer runs in each game in the series. Only 2 other teams could not achieve runs in a series either: The Cincinnati Reds 1973 in the NLDS and the Houston Astros 1981 in the NLCS. Buck Showalter managed three division series, with three different teams (1995 Yankees, 1999 Diamondbacks, and 2012 Orioles), and lost each time. He has now managed 2097 games. It is currently in third place on the all-time best list (regular season, since the divisional play variant in 1969). He has never brought a team into the League Championship Series. Art Howe (2266 games) and Frank Robinson (2241) lie ahead of him .
Placements in recent years
|American League East 2008-2018|
|2008||TB (29.0)||BOS (27.0)||NYY (21.0)||GATE (18.0)||68-93||––|
|2009||NYY (39.0)||BOS (31.0)||TB (20.0)||GATE (11.0)||64-98||––|
|2010||TB (30.0)||NYY (29.0)||BOS (23.0)||GATE (19.0)||66-96||––|
|2011||NYY (28.0)||TB (22.0)||BOS (21.0)||GATE (12.0)||69-93||––|
|2012||NYY (2.0)||93-69||TB (3.0)||GATE (20.0)||BOS (24.0)||ALDS|
|2013||BOS (12.0)||TB (6.0)||85-77||NYY (0.0)||GATE (11.0)||––|
|2014||96-66||NYY (12.0)||GATE (13.0)||TB (19.0)||BOS (25.0)||ALCS|
|2015||GATE (12.0)||NYY (6.0)||81 - 81||TB (1.0)||BOS (3.0)||––|
|2016||BOS (4.0)||89-73||GATE (0.0)||NYY (5.0)||TB (21.0)||WC|
|2017||BOS (18.0)||NYY (16.0)||TB (5.0)||GATE (1.0)||75-87||––|
|2018||BOS (61.0)||NYY (53.0)||TB (43.0)||GATE (26.0)||47-115||––|
The colored cells describe your own performance in the AL East, the numbers in brackets the distances to the other teams at the end of the season.
WC = Wild Card, ALDS = AL Division Series achieved, ALCS = AL Championship Series achieved, AL = AL Pennant (World Series lost), WSC = World Series Champion
Orioles in the Hall of Fame
|Baltimore Orioles Hall of Famers|
|Membership in the National Baseball Hall of Fame|
St. Louis Browns
Manager or functionary
Players in bold are depicted on their Hall of Fame boards with Orioles or Browns badges.
Numbers that are no longer assigned
|Baltimore Orioles player|
|Active players (25-player group)||Inactive players (40-player group)||Trainer / Others|
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the number of players in the active squad at the beginning of the 2020 MLB season on 23/24. July increased to 30 players. Two weeks later there was a scheduled reduction to 28 players. Another two weeks later, the number of players is to be reduced to 26 and kept for the entire 2020 season. In the case of double-headers , the teams may appoint a 27th player to the active squad.
Minor league teams of the Orioles
- AAA : Norfolk Tides , Norfolk , Virginia
- AA : Bowie Baysox , Bowie , Maryland
- Advanced A : Frederick Keys , Frederick, Maryland
- A : Delmana Shorebirds , Salisbury, Maryland
- Short A : Aberdeen Ironbirds , Aberdeen, Maryland
- Rookie : Bluefield Orioles , Bluefield , West Virginia
- Rookie : Venezuela Summer League Orioles , Venezuela
Major League nicknames
- 1901 Milwaukee Brewers
- 1902-1953 St. Louis Browns
- since 1954 Baltimore Orioles
Major League stadiums
- 1901 Lloyd Street Grounds in Milwaukee
- 1902-1953 Sportsman's Park in St. Louis
- 1954–1991 Memorial Stadium in Baltimore
- since 1992 Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore
- Official site of the Baltimore Orioles (English)