University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden
|University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden|
|Sponsorship||Institute of public right|
|place||Dresden - Johannstadt|
|management||Detlev Michael Albrecht (Medical Director)|
|Care level||Maximum care|
|beds||1410 (as of: 2018)|
|Employee||8012 (as of 2016)|
|including doctors||1005 (as of: 2018)|
|Affiliation||Technical University Dresden|
The University Clinic Carl Gustav Carus Dresden at the Technical University of Dresden is a legal institution under public law of the Free State of Saxony and the largest hospital in the state capital Dresden as well as one of the leading clinics in Germany. Until October 1, 1993, the clinic together with the medical faculty of the TU Dresden formed the Medical Academy Dresden . The short form MedAk is still widely used.
The beginnings of the medical training centers in Dresden go back to the Collegium medico-chirurgicum , which was founded as a military training center in 1748. The Royal Surgical and Medicinal Academy , regarded as the forerunner of the Medical Academy, was founded in 1815 and appointed the later eponymous physician Carl Gustav Carus as professor. The establishment took place 13 years before the establishment of the Königlich-Technische Bildungsanstalt , the historical core of the Technical University of Dresden and three years after the establishment of the forest sciences department, the oldest part of the TU Dresden.
Originally and until 1864 the academy was housed in the Kurländer Palais opposite today's Albertinum in the immediate city center on the edge of the quarter around Neumarkt . At the time, the technical educational institute was located in a pavilion on Brühl's terrace , just a few minutes' walk away.
In December 1901, the clinic was able to move into the extensive facilities of the Johannstadt City Hospital . The complex was further expanded in the following years, for example with the gynecological clinic in 1903. Large parts of the clinic campus, in which the buildings are arranged in a U-shape around a central park, are now under monument protection.
On June 1, 1934, Hermann Jensen was appointed chief physician of the surgical clinic and director of the facility now known as the Rudolf Hess Hospital . Jensen was commissioned to develop it into a central biological hospital and a model facility for New German Medicine . At the nursing school founded by his predecessor Otto Rostoski and Erna von Abendroth at the hospital, the Reich Mother House of the NS Sisterhood was established under Jensen's direction on July 1, 1934 .
The departments essential for the desired “synthesis of orthodox medicine and naturopathy” for the New German Medicine were the internal department, as head of which Reichsärzteführer Gerhard Wagner appointed the internist Louis Ruyter Radcliffe Grote in autumn 1934 , and three “biological departments”. The Swiss raw food therapist Maximilian Oskar Bircher-Benner was to be the head of the first “biological department” . The negotiations with Bircher-Benner "fell apart" (Brauchle) and at Bircher-Benner's suggestion, his student Werner Zabel took over this department. The second department was headed by naturopath Alfred Brauchle , the third by hydrotherapist Georg Hauffe . After Zabel “left” in June 1935, Brauchle also took over the management of the first department, and after Hauffe's death in June 1936, all three departments were combined to form the “Clinic for Naturopathy” under Brauchle's leadership. A community ward with 35 beds was set up, which was managed by a naturopath and accompanied by a conventional doctor with all diagnostic options. In 1943, however, Gauleiter Martin Mutschmann forced Brauchle to leave Dresden. This ended the “Dresden Experiment”. The nutrition researcher Ragnar Berg also worked from autumn 1934 to spring 1937 in a nutritional physiology laboratory in the Rudolf Hess Hospital .
In the era of National Socialism continued to impact Hermann Boehm and Richard Kirsch in the hospital. During the air raids on Dresden , some buildings in the clinic, which was renamed the Gerhard Wagner Hospital after Rudolf Hess' flight to Scotland, were destroyed or damaged. Teaching was resumed in 1954 at the "Carl Gustav Carus" Medical Academy .
At the beginning of the 1990s, the Medical Academy was dissolved as part of the reform of the Saxon university landscape. It was divided into the Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital and the medical faculty, which has been part of the Technical University of Dresden since the winter semester of 1993. On July 1, 1999, the university hospital was also legally separated from the university. The university continues to use it for research and teaching. Only the Klinikum rechts der Isar in Munich and the Aachen University Hospital are affiliated to technical universities in Germany, along with the Dresden University Hospital . The Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital is a founding member of the DRESDEN-concept science association , which was founded in 2010 and is a key measure of the TU Dresden as part of the excellence initiative of the federal and state governments .
The hospital campus has been expanded several times since 1990. Since then, for example, the surgical emergency room and the children's and women's center have been built. In 2011 the new Diagnostic-Internistic-Neurological Center with 411 connected places and the care center expanded with a new building were opened.
facts and figures
The University Hospital comprises 26 clinics and polyclinics, four institutes and 14 interdisciplinary centers with a total of 1295 beds and around 5,300 full-time employees, including 910 doctors and almost 2000 nursing staff. In 2016, a total of almost 70,000 inpatients and a further 240,000 outpatients were treated, a total of over 310,000 patients. It is the only hospital in Saxony with supra-maximum care.
The public law institution prepares annual accounts. In 2005 it had revenues of EUR 250,964,000 and a total result of EUR 2.1 million.
Over 900 doctors and almost 2000 nurses work at the clinic. In addition, around 2100 students still work at the clinic. The university hospital has its own vocational school with around 500 students.
The institute has a medical and commercial directorate. The supervisory board (chairman since July 2017: Gernot Brunner ; previously: Peter C. Scriba ) includes representatives of the Saxon state government and the Technical University.
The clinic came second in the 2019 clinic ranking by Focus magazine and is rated as the leading clinic in Germany in terms of research and the use of digital medicine.
Data based on the 2018 annual report:
- Beds: 1,410
- Cases in the inpatient area: 57,101
- Cases in day-care clinic: 9,730
- Cases in outpatient care: 192,894 (flat-rate cases)
- Average length of stay (fully inpatient): 7.90 days
- Full-time and part-time employees: 6,360 ( full-time employment equivalent : 5,028.86)
- Income: € 559,099,000
- Expenditure: € 552,516,000
- Total result: € 6,583,000 (December 31, 2017)
Location and connection
The clinic is located in Johannstadt , a district of the suburban belt east of Dresden's old town . The hospital area is at the level of the Great Garden not far from the Elbe and has the character of a closed, park-like campus with numerous buildings. The facilities of the Technical University and the Dresden Student Union for the medical faculty are directly adjacent to the hospital area or extend into it. In the east, the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Cell Biology and Genetics protrudes into the clinic campus.
In the north, Pfotenhauerstrasse and the Käthe-Kollwitz-Ufer run in the direction of the city center and Blasewitz. In the south, Blasewitzer Strasse touches the university hospital from west to east.
Clinics and Polyclinics
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Anaesthesiology
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Ophthalmology
- Clinic and polyclinic for visceral, thoracic and vascular surgery
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Neurosurgery
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Pediatric Surgery
- Clinic and polyclinic for gynecology and obstetrics
- Clinic and polyclinic for ear, nose and throat medicine
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Dermatology
- Medical Clinic and Polyclinic I
- Medical Clinic and Polyclinic III
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Pediatrics
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Nuclear Medicine
- Clinic and polyclinic for orthopedics
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Radiation Therapy and Radiation Oncology
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Urology
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
- Clinic and Polyclinic for Neurology
- Clinic and polyclinic for oral and maxillofacial surgery
- Polyclinic for Orthodontics
- Polyclinic for tooth preservation
- Polyclinic for Dental Prosthetics
- Polyclinic for Periodontology
Independent departments in the field of clinics and polyclinics
- Department of Surgical Research at the Clinic and Polyclinic for Visceral, Thoracic and Vascular Surgery
- Pediatric Dentistry Department at the Orthodontic Polyclinic
Institutes and Polyclinics
- Institute and Polyclinic for Radiological Diagnostics
- Institute and Polyclinic for Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
- Institute of Pathology
- Institute for Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
Other independent central institutions
Carus Academy at the University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden
- C.-P. Heidel, M. Lienert: The professors of the medical faculty Carl Gustav Carus and its predecessor institutions 1814-2004. Saur, Munich 2005, ISBN 978-3-59811-720-6 .
- A. Scholz, C.-P. Heidel, M. Lienert: From the city hospital to the university hospital - 100 years of hospital history in Dresden. Böhlau, Cologne 2001, ISBN 978-3-41203-301-9 .
- Annual Report 2018: “Dawn of the Digital Age”. (PDF; 6.6 MiB) Board of Directors of the Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital Dresden, July 19, 2019, accessed on June 5, 2020 .
- Kay Haufe: These are Dresden's largest employers . In: Sächsische Zeitung , regional edition Dresden . September 22, 2017, p. 17 ( online ).
- Patricia D'Antonio: Nursing History Review. , Volume 12/2004, Official Publication of the American Association for the History of Nursing, Springer Publishing Company, 2003, ISBN 0-8261-1479-2 , p. 128.
- Alfred Brauchle. Naturopathy in pictures of life . Reclam, Leipzig 1937, p. 413
- LR Grote and Alfred Brauchle. Conversations about conventional medicine and naturopathy. With a foreword by the Reichsärzteführer Dr. med. Gerhard Wagner. 2nd edition Reclam, Leipzig 1935.
- Alfred Brauchle. Naturopathy in pictures of life . Reclam, Leipzig 1937, pp. 413-414.
- A. Scholz, CP Heidel and M. Lienert: From the Dresden-Johannstadt City Hospital to the Carl Gustav Carus University Hospital. In: Ärzteblatt Sachsen 12 (2001) pp. 567–570, here: p. 569 ( online as PDF ; 3.6 MB)
- DRESDEN-concept - partner. DRESDEN-concept eV website Accessed on February 13, 2019.
- The University Hospital Carl Gustav Carus Dresden. Retrieved August 6, 2019 .
- https://www.uniklinikum-dresden.de/de/beste-klinik-sachsens-2019/ , press release of the Dresden University Hospital, 2019.
- Dresden is at the forefront of digital medicine. Retrieved August 6, 2019 .