Walther Judeich

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Walther Judeich. Photo by Alfred Bischoff

Walther Judeich (born October 5, 1859 in Dresden ; † February 24, 1942 in Jena ) was a German ancient historian who worked as a professor at the universities of Czernowitz (1899–1901), Erlangen (1901–1907) and Jena (1907–1931) worked.


Walther Judeich was born as the son of the agricultural tax expert Albert Judeich (1814–1864) and his wife Marie. Brockhaus (1828–1899) born. His mother was the daughter of the publisher Heinrich Brockhaus . Walther Judeich attended grammar school in Dresden-Neustadt and, after graduating from school in 1879, did one year of military service. In October 1880 he moved to the University of Tübingen to study ancient history and archeology. In Tübingen he also joined the Corps Saxonia, a free strike that had existed in Tübingen since 1874 and later temporarily belonged to the Miltenberger Ring . He later moved to the University of Leipzig and the University of Strasbourg , where he received his doctorate in 1884 with the dissertation Caesar in the Orient . After he had also passed the state examination in spring 1885, he went to Berlin University for a year to deepen his studies. His teachers here were Theodor Mommsen , Ernst Curtius , Heinrich von Treitschke and Alexander Conze .

Together with Franz Winter , Paul Wolters and others, Judeich received a travel grant from the German Archaeological Institute , which enabled him to stay in Greece, Asia Minor and Italy from 1886 to 1887. On his travels he visited numerous ancient sites and came into contact with local researchers, including Kurt Wachsmuth in Athens, Conrad Cichorius in Rome, Friedrich Adler and Emil Reisch in Olympia. In 1888 Judeich returned to Germany and went to the University of Marburg , where he completed his habilitation in Ancient History on November 14, 1889. He then worked for a while as a private lecturer (titular professor in 1896) in Marburg. From 1896 to 1897 he made his second trip to Greece and the Orient.

After his return Judeich received calls from several universities in quick succession: in 1899 he went to the University of Czernowitz as an associate professor , and in 1901 as a full professor at the University of Erlangen . In 1907 he accepted the professorship for Ancient History at the University of Jena , which Alfred von Domaszewski from Heidelberg had rejected shortly before . The chair has been vacant since Heinrich Gelzer's death in 1906.

In Jena Judeich taught and researched until the end of his life; a call from the University of Königsberg (1911) he turned down. During his teaching activities in Jena, Judeich gave lectures on Greek and Roman history (alternately in the winter and summer semesters). His seminars dealt with a Roman or a Greek topic. In addition, he held courses on epigraphy . Judeich created an important structural prerequisite for the independence of his subject in Jena by separating the ancient history seminar from the philological seminar shortly after his appointment.

During the economically difficult period of World War I and the 1920s, he managed to acquire additional funds to equip the seminar library. From September 1914 to December 1, 1918, he himself served as captain of the Landwehr in Borna and Rochlitz. His life's work was recognized in 1929 with a commemorative publication on his 70th birthday. Before that, he had undertaken his last extensive research trip to Greece in the winter of 1927/1928. On April 1, 1931 he was at the age of 71 years emeritus . In the same year, Fritz Schachermeyr was appointed his successor .


In his research Judeich has dealt with the whole of Greek history, but preferably with the history of the city and the state of Athens. His publications were created on the basis of careful source study, autopsy (during his research trips) and often from seminars and lectures. His life's work is the extensive monograph Topography of Athens , which appeared for the first time in 1905 and the second, completely revised edition in 1931. In addition, Judeich also dealt with the interactions between Greek and Persian history. His work Asia Minor Studies: Investigations into the Greco-Persian History of the 4th Century BC. Chr. (Marburg 1892, reprint Hildesheim et al. 1987) was based on his habilitation thesis.

Fonts (selection)

  • Caesar in the Orient: critical overview of the events from August 9, 48 to October 47 , Leipzig 1885.
  • Studies in Asia Minor: Investigations into the Greco-Persian history of the 4th century BC Chr. , Marburg 1892. Reprinted in Hildesheim 1987.
  • Topography of Athens , Munich 1905. Munich ² 1931.
  • The idea of ​​the empire in antiquity , Jena 1930


  • Festschrift Walther Judeich on his 70th birthday presented by friends from Jena , Weimar 1929 (with picture)
  • Franz Gundlach: Catalogus professorum academiae Marburgensis. The academic teachers at the Philipps University of Marburg from 1527 to 1910 . Marburg 1927, pp. 349-350
  • Ernst Kluwe: Walther Judeich (1859–1942) . In: On the history of classical antiquity at the universities of Jena, Budapest, Kraków , Jena 1990, pp. 5–12.

Web links

Wikisource: Walther Judeich  - Sources and full texts