Gauangelloch moated castle
|Gauangelloch moated castle|
former Gauangelloch Castle (approx. 1980)
|Alternative name (s):||Bettendorf Castle|
|Castle type :||Niederungsburg|
|Conservation status:||Residential building, barn|
|Standing position :||Nobles|
|Place:||Glue - Gauangelloch|
The moated castle Gauangelloch , also called Bettendorfsches Schloss , is the ruin of a moated castle in Schlossgarten 1 in Gauangelloch , a district of Leimen in the Rhein-Neckar district in Baden-Württemberg .
The moated castle on Angelbach in Gauangelloch was probably built by Hans I. von Angelach-Braubach . It was first mentioned in 1369 and in 1450 and 1476 it came into the possession of the barons of Bettendorf in two halves .
The castle was destroyed in the Thirty Years War and rebuilt in 1665 by Johann Philipp and Helena von Bettendorf. It fell into disrepair in the 18th century and was largely demolished in 1823, with a simple residential building remaining and being restored. Franz Ludwig von Bettendorf made the cellar of the castle available in order to build a castle chapel from its building blocks in 1824 after the castle was destroyed. It served as a church until the end of the 19th century and was then converted into a barn. The ogival entrance door, in which three Bettendorf coat of arms stones were walled in, came from the old Gothic castle building. One of these heraldic stones showed two entwined Bettendorf rings and the following inscription:
- IOHANN PHILIPP CP COUNCIL V. ST. V. HELENA
- BOTH GEB FROM BETTENDORF
- BAVTEN DIS CONNECTED AVF AGAIN WITH GOD'S HELP. 1665.
Chronicler Carl Stocker interpreted the abbreviations contained as "Churpfälzischer Rat und Stäbler".
Today the "Galerie im Schlossgarten" is located in the former residential building and in the castle garden, which shows African sculptures all year round and organizes changing exhibitions by African artists.
- Carl Wilhelm Friedrich Ludwig Stocker : Chronicle of Gauangelloch and Ochsenbach . Heidelberg 1864.
- Ludwig H. Hildebrandt: Desolation in the southwestern Rhein-Neckar-Kreis as reflected in documented news and archaeological finds. In: Archeology and desert research in Kraichgau , Heimatverein Kraichgau , special publication 18, Ubstadt-Weiher 1997, p. 105, note 169.
- Max Miller (ed.): Handbook of the historical sites of Germany . Volume 6: Baden-Württemberg (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 276). Kröner, Stuttgart 1965, .
- Adolf von Oechelhäuser, Franz Xaver Kraus (ed.): The art monuments of the Grand Duchy of Baden . Volume 8.2: The art monuments of the Heidelberg district (Heidelberg district). JCB Mohr-Verlag, Tübingen 1913, p. 29f. Digitized