|coat of arms||Austria map|
|State :||Upper Austria|
|Political District :||Free City|
|License plate :||FR|
|Residents :||1,063 (January 1, 2020)|
|Postal code :||4272|
|Area code :||07952|
|Community code :||4 06 25|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Franz Xaver Hölzl ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (2015)
|Location of Weitersfelden in the Freistadt district|
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Weitersfelden is a market town in Upper Austria in the Freistadt district in the Mühlviertel with 1063 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020). The community is located in the judicial district of Freistadt .
Weitersfelden lies at 733 meters above sea level in the Mühlviertel at the foot of the Haiderberg ( ). The extension is 8.4 km from north to south and 10.1 km from west to east. The total area is 43.68 km². Around 70% of the area is forested, 14.6% of the area is used for agriculture. The highest elevations in the municipality are the Schwarzberg at and the Kammererberg at
The municipality includes the following 16 localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- Eipoldschlag (45)
- Haid (19)
- Harrachstal (78) including spinning stick
- Knausser (37)
- Markersdorf (34)
- Nadelbach (122)
- Rabenberg (14)
- Horsemen (31)
- Ritzenedt (62)
- Saghammer (13)
- Straßreit (9)
- Stumberg (54) including Kühberg
- Forest Field (45)
- Weitersfelden (360)
- Wienau (61) including Schützenschlag
- Windgföll (79) including the Katzenschlag
The community consists of the cadastral communities Harrachstal and Weitersfelden.
- Neighboring communities
In the district of Windgföll, a Stone Age individual find was made, the so-called Windgföller stone ax . This is the first known sign of settlement in the Weitersfelden area.
The first mention of the place name is associated with the years 1142, 1230, 1269, 1335, 1337 and 1341, but the name of the place was not mentioned in those years. A document has only survived from 1352, when Ulrich von Kapellen bought the forest office of Weitersfelden from the Wallseern for 3,600 pounds pfennings. A year later he also acquired the free Weitersfelden property , which shows that there had been a settlement here for a long time. A church of its own is suspected as early as 1300.
The area of today's municipality used to belong to several manors. The White Aist formed the border between the Reichenstein rule and the Ruttenstein rule . The houses to the east of the Aist belonged to Ruttenstein, so the largest part of today's municipal area belonged to Reichenstein as Waldamt Weitersfelden between 1230 and 1320. After that, the area of the Wallseern (1352-1406) belonged, under the Kapellern (1407-1567) large parts of the forest were cleared. The Lichtensteiner (1567–1632) followed the Kapellers as rulers before the Styrian barons von Haym (1632–1729) became the landlords. Since 1490 it has been assigned to the principality 'Austria ob der Enns'.
Knight Christoph von Haym was a strict subject and his tough treatment led to the Reichensteiner robot revolt in which farmers from Weitersfelden were also involved. Christoph Haym converted Reichenstein Castle into a magnificent Renaissance building, the higher robots for financing led to the uprising. The Weitersfeldn pastor Koloman Kühenringer and the Robischbauer were ringleaders of the robot uprising. As a warning, Christoph Haym set up a high court within sight of the Robisch farm. The gallows is made of two stone pillars, which can still be visited today. The Weitersfeldner Galgen is today considered to be the best preserved high court in Upper Austria. In 1571 Christoph Haym was shot dead from ambush. In 1616 the rule passed to the Sprinzenstein family through marriage . A pillory was set up in the market. This wooden pillory from 1571 was replaced by a beautifully decorated stone pillory in 1648. This pillory stone is richly decorated with symbols from legal studies and is a particularly valuable legal monument in Austria. Wilhelm Brachmann had the top of the pillory stone added, as the pillory was used as a stone base for a wayside cross for several decades in the interwar period.
In 1630 a school was built in the village. Franz Ferdinand Otto von Sprinzenstein founded the stately office of Sprinzenthal, including administration and castle (built in 1716, today a ruin) in today's Harrachstal. In 1729 the forest office of Weitersfelden was sold to Johann Georg Adam von Hoheneck . This gave the Weitersfelden market wide-ranging market rights and renamed Sprinzenthal Brixenthal. In 1769 the Brixenthal estate was sold to Ferdinand von Harrach , who renamed the estate Harrachstal in 1770. The Harrachstal Castle School remained in existence even after the estate was dissolved. A detailed inspection report has been received from the school in Harrachstal from the famous poet and state school inspector Adalbert Stifter.
At that time, the Harrachstal district court included the parishes of Sandl, Weitersfelden, St. Leonhard, Liebenau and Windhaag. In 1777 Rosa, the daughter of Count Harrach, married Prince Kinsky . So the entire property came to the Kinsky rule and was also referred to as the Rosenhof rule. Since 1848 the property has been run as the Rosenhof Forestry Office by the Kinsky family, who also have the patronage of the parish church. Today's cadastral community of Harrachstal is reminiscent of the former manorial offices. In 1849 the Harrachstal district court was closed. A police post was set up by gendarmes in house Weitersfelden 39 for the newly created communities of Weitersfelden, Sandl, St. Leonhard and Liebenau. The prison vault in the cellar is still preserved today and can be visited by prior arrangement. The court was transferred to the newly founded district court Unterweißbach, where the land registers of the former district court Harrachstal were continued.
All three big market fires (1706, 1784 and 1853) damaged large parts of the village and the church. During the Napoleonic Wars , the place was occupied several times. Since 1918 the place belongs to the federal state of Upper Austria. After Austria was annexed to the German Reich on March 13, 1938, the place belonged to the "Gau Oberdonau". After 1945, Weitersfelden was in the Soviet zone of occupation and the infrastructure has been expanded and improved since 1955 (the end of the occupation). Until the end of 2002, the community belonged to the Unterweißbach judicial district and was assigned to the Freistadt judicial district on January 1, 2003 .
- Development and structure
In 1869, 1,484 people lived in the municipality. By 1890 the population grew to 1,558 inhabitants, the highest level in history. Until 1971 the population decreased slightly, since 1971 the decrease has been much stronger, which is probably due to the decentralized location. In 1991 the community had 1,201 inhabitants, at the 2001 census only 1,137, which corresponds to a decrease of 5.6%. On January 1st, 2008 the community had 1,084 inhabitants.
In the 2001 census, the proportion of residents who were 60 years of age or older was 21.8%; 20.4% were under 15 years old. The proportion of the female population was 47.6%.
Of the 905 residents of Weitersfeld, who were over 15 years old in 2001, 3.7% had graduated from a university , technical college or academy . Another 8.1% had completed a high school diploma, 43.8% had completed an apprenticeship or a vocational middle school and 44.6% of all Weitersfeldeners had compulsory school as the highest degree.
- Origin and language
The German dialect, which is generally spoken in the Weitersfelden area and in Upper Austria, is Middle Bavarian . In 2001, 99.9% of the people of Weitersfelden stated German as a colloquial language. The remaining 0.1% spoke Czech .
The share of Weitersfeldeners with foreign citizenship was 0.9% in 2001, well below the average in Upper Austria. 0.8% of the Weitersfelden population had citizenship from Germany and 0.1% were citizens from other countries. In 2001, around 1.6% of the people of Weitersfelden were born in a country other than Austria.
The municipal council and mayoral elections take place every six years, at the same time as the state elections. Since 1945 the ÖVP has always achieved an absolute majority. The second strongest party was always the SPÖ . Other parties played no role in the municipal council elections. In 2015, the ÖVP became the party with the strongest vote with 70.07% and governs with an absolute majority. The 2015 municipal council election with a turnout of 87.98% produced the following result:
|Party / political grouping||voting
|Seats on the local council||
Weitersfelden is a member of the Association for Regional and Tourism Development Mühlviertler Alm .
coat of arms
The municipal coat of arms shows in silver on a green shield base a red, three-story tower with a black gate, two black windows in the middle and two round shooting holes on the top floor and a weir with three battlements; flanked to the right and left by a red-stemmed, green-leafed willow tree. The willow trees serve the popular interpretation of the place name. However, the place name comes from the old German Waidher / Weither, a personal name.
The time of the award of the municipal coat of arms is not known. The coat of arms itself has been in use for a long time and was proven on a seal from the 18th century. The seal is on an invoice from 1836 and bears the legend SIG. MARCKH. WAIDERSFELTEN
- The parish church of St. Ulrich from the 14th century
- The Hoisn-Hof with stone chapel in Wienau in the stone castle style with peasant stone carvings.
- At the beginning of 2006 a mini barrel village was built by the Friends of the Aist Valley Association (park)
- Kammerer Kreuz, a stone castle-style chapel on the 980 meter high Kammererberg
- The pillory with symbolic decorations
- The Christmas Museum with a collection of Christmas tree decorations from the period 1800 to 1960
- The Wollness-Weg as a circular route over 12 km has experience stations all about feeling good and 90% leads on nature trails
Chapel in Wienau in the stone castle style
- Natural monuments
There are perforated stones , pitch oil stones and curbstones in the community of Weitersfelden . In addition, there are bowl or bowl stones on boulders , which are popularly called sacrificial stones. But also headache stones , " sleep- through stones" and wobbly stones can be found in the municipality.
- Music band
- Saitenmusi consists of five musicians
- Regular events
- Intercurrent festival
- Intermediate stream ball
- Intercurrent lounge
- Sunshine Trophy
- Youth Ball of Catholic Youth
- Fire brigade ball of FF Weitersfelden and Wienau
- Union Weitersfelden
- Play community Weitersfelden / Kaltenberg
- Tennis in Weitersfelden
- Volleyball section: The well-known beach volleyball tournament “Sunshine Trophy” has been organized in Weitersfelden by the youth working group since 2002 with great success. On the new beach trend sports facility with three clay courts, 32 teams compete for the tournament victory, the Freistadt beer beach volleyball district championships and the Raiffeisenbank Mühlviertler Alm CUP. After more than 70 matches, the legendary Moonlight Beach Party will take place in the evening after the award ceremony .
The Weitersfelden school also has a high status in the local cultural scene. For four decades, the children have been performing a shepherd's game on Christmas Eve under the direction of Ludwig Riepl and the religious teacher Andreas Becherer as part of the children's mass.
The municipality of Weitersfelden is crossed by the Nordwaldkamm Landesstraße (L 579) in a south-easterly direction. The Harrachstaler Bezirksstrasse (L 1444) and Knausserer Bezirksstrasse (L 1445) flow into this street from the north and Gutauer Bezirksstrasse (L 1472) from the south. In the south, the supraregional hiking and pilgrimage route Johannesweg leads through the municipality.
There are three volunteer fire brigades (FF) in the municipality :
- FF Weitersfelden
- FF Harrachsthal
- FF Wienau
- General practitioners
- Police : It is thanks to the central location of Weitersfelden that the police station was not affected by closings like those in the surrounding communities.
- Pastor Froschauer (1809–1869), pastor in St. Leonhard near Freistadt
- Municipal office u. Ludwig Riepl (Ed.): Weitersfelden - A local history reading book and a local history. 1997, 471 pages.
- Parish office and Ludwig Riepl (Ed.): 650 Weitersfelden parish. 1987, 48 pages.
- Community u. Ludwig Riepl (ed.): Weitersfelden in the course of time. 1988, 60 pages.
- Ludwig Riepl: The life of St. Martin. A game for the 2nd church patron of Weitersfelden. UNDA-Verlag, 2000.
- Karl Leopoldseder: Folk music from Weitersfelden. 2001.
- Franz Priemetzhofer: The bird species in the area around Weitersfelden. In: Natural History Yearbook of the City of Linz. Year 27, Linz 1981, pp. 83–116, PDF on ZOBODAT .
- Historical bibliography in the forum OoeGeschichte.at
- Ludwig Riepl: Weitersfelden - A local history reader and a local history. Plöchl-Verlag, 1997.
- Rudolf Zinnhobler : Diocese organization - formation of the parishes of the Diocese of Passau. In: Ludwig Riepl (Ed.): Weitersfelden.
- Alfred Höllhuber : Wooden yeoman seats and early-face fortifications in the community area of Weitersfelden in Weitersfelden (Ed. Ludwig Riepl), University of Passau, university library catalog number s / a Med 149 and 280 / NR 8296 W434R55.
- Ludwig Riepl: rulership and first mention in Weitersfelden . Very good summary and overview of the history of the Reichenstein and Ruttenstein rule. Institute for History of the University of Passau, University Library catalog number s / a Med 149 and 280 / NR 8296 W434R55.
- Franz Xaver Hölzl: Endangerment and future prospects of the rural cultural landscape in Weitersfelden. Diploma thesis University of Vienna, self-published, Weitersfelden 1995.
- Ludwig Riepl (ed.): The parish church of St. Ulrich and the parish history of Weitersfelden . Self-published by the parish of Weitersfelden, 2012.
- Maria Kammerer: The last surviving gallows in Austria in Weitersfelden . In: Shame, Torture, Execution. Research on jurisprudence and the penal system in Upper Austria. Ed .: Ute Streitt, Gernot Kocher, Elisabeth Schiller and Oö. Provincial museums (studies on the cultural history of Upper Austria 30). 2011.
- Community of Weitersfelden
- Geomix Weitersfelden
- Further information about the community of Weitersfelden can be found on the geographic information system of the federal state of Upper Austria .
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- , Reichensteiner Robot Rebellion
- Stefan Lafnaer: Received gallows in Central Europe. March 24, 2013. Retrieved July 23, 2013 .
- Statistics Austria: Population and components of population development (PDF; 35 kB)
- 2001 census: Demographic data (PDF; 10 kB)
- Basic data of all Upper Austria. Communities. Website of the Province of Upper Austria, accessed on September 18, 2018 .
- Province of Upper Austria, regional history: coat of arms of the community of Weitersfelden (accessed on October 29, 2008)
- Karl Leopoldseder: Folk music from Weitersfelden. ( Book with CD for free download ( Memento of the original from May 8, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. )