|type of school||private boarding school and high school|
The Birklehof is a member of the Round Square Conference , an international association of boarding schools with a common goal. These schools jointly undertake international social projects and maintain student exchanges across all continents. In addition, the Birklehof is a member of the boarding school association and the school association Blick über den Zaun .
The school belongs to Hinterzarten by post , although the majority of the buildings are in the Breitnau district. The Studio 1 building is located on the boundary of the district and is therefore occasionally used for joint municipal council resolutions by the two municipalities, which must take place in the respective district according to the municipal regulations.
The Birklehof got its name from Adam Birkle, who inherited it from his father-in-law Moritz Hecht († 1608). The Hecht family had owned the farm for a long time, and legend has it that it was once the Messmer house for the Sankt Oswald chapel in Höllental . The Birklehof was founded in 1932 as the sister school of Salem Castle , which was directed by the pedagogue Kurt Hahn . The owner of the Birklehof, which was founded as a rural education home for boys and girls, was Hans Wendelstadt.
From 1933 the school was headed by Wilhelm Kuchenmüller . From 1940 to 1942, the later Heidelberg religious philosopher Georg Picht taught at Birklehof. He left the school, however, because he accused Kuchenmüller of promoting the nationalization of the school by the National Socialists. However, it is reported elsewhere that Kuchenmüller kept "non-Aryans" as students until almost the end and employed teachers who could no longer find employment in the civil service for political reasons. In the summer of 1944 the school was closed.
After the Second World War , the school was reopened on January 7, 1947, at Wendelstadt's request with Georg Picht as headmaster. It started with 12 internal and around 50 external students. In 1947 a fire destroyed parts of the main building. On November 26, 1949, the Birklehof School Association was founded. V. founded, the following year the entry in the register of associations and the recognition of the non-profit status.
In the same year, Hans Döhmer was hired to support Wendelstadt in running the business. Together with a tax advisor, he showed how bad the school's finances were. This led to Wendelstadt's resignation as managing director, and Döhmer took over his duties. After lengthy lease negotiations, the school authorities succeeded in buying the property from Wendelstadt and his family in 1954. In the following years Picht became involved in educational policy, where he had to do with his former Latin teacher Leo Wohleb, among others . In 1955 Picht resigned from the school management because the 10 years of school management he had announced at the beginning of his activity were over. He became chairman of the board of the school association. He was succeeded by a group of three ("triumvirate") made up of teaching director Rudolf Till , boarding school director Ludwig Herchenröther and business director Hans Döhmer.
In 1959 Till left the Birklehof and went to the University of Erlangen . In advance, the company started looking for someone who could take over the successor. The people considered at the time and in some cases inquired about included Klaus Ritter, Heinz Haerten , Dieter Sauberzweig , Karl Friedrich Scheidemann , Charlotte von der Schulenburg , Hartmut von Hentig , Axel von dem Bussche and Kurt Thomas . The latter was under discussion until 1963 in order to realize a music high school in Birklehof.
As early as April 1961, the school board appointed the SPD-affiliated journalist Helmut Lindemann as his successor, but he did not remain in office for a year. In 1963 the classical philologist Klaus Weidauer took over the position of headmaster and held it until 1985. From 1985 to 2002 the historian Götz Plessing headed the boarding school, who had previously taught at the Schloss Salem school. Christof Laumont followed him as headmaster until the end of the 2011/2012 school year before he was replaced by Henrik Fass.
When cases of abuse were investigated in 2010 at the Odenwald School in Heppenheim , Hesse , with which the Birklehof had worked together on a reform of the upper level in the 1940s and 1950s, the management of the Birklehof also undertook research in this direction. Accusations were made against a local doctor who had held consultation hours in Birklehof for decades and was said to have abused girls and boys. The investigation against the doctor initiated by the Freiburg public prosecutor at the end of March 2010 was discontinued a few months later without any conditions. No evidence of a culpable act was seen. There were also reports of a violent teacher and three teachers who were dismissed as a result of sexual harassment in the 1950s.
The Birklehof combines school education with a holistic educational concept. This means that the students not only work towards the Abitur , but at the same time develop in the community to become cosmopolitan, efficient and responsible people. Acquiring key qualifications such as social skills, speaking freely and presenting content in front of larger groups, moderating group interactions, independence and a willingness to take responsibility are the focal points of international and school education. The basis of this concept is a "modern humanism ". The Birklehof attaches the same importance to languages and natural sciences. Musical, artistic and sporting engagement have a high priority in everyday school life. Encounters with people from all over the world should encourage responsible international action.
As a state-recognized, denominational high school , the Birklehof has a scientific, linguistic and musical profile. All students in the 5th grade in 2004 or later take the Abitur after 12 years of school. The school and boarding room offer access to the Internet and the Birklehof intranet . The new media are productively integrated into teaching and community life.
The music lessons in the lower grades are given at Birklehof according to the "Music Learning Theory" by Edward E. Gordon . This means that the students are not introduced to the music through recorded notes or melodies, but rather through singing and listening to tones that are memorized as an internal tone repertoire. This enables the students to use music as a sound language independently and creatively at an early stage.
As a free - albeit state-recognized - school, the Birklehof has expanded the normal teaching workload with its own offers: the weekly school meeting, play lessons in grades 5 and 6, IT lessons and textile design in grades 6 and 7, crafts and pottery in grade 8 and 9, the afternoon sport.
Composition of the student body
40% of the 160 students living in the boarding school come from Baden-Württemberg , the rest from all parts of Germany and abroad; about 70 external students from the surrounding communities. The school fee for the internal students is € 3210 per month. Similar to the Schloss Salem school , from which the Birklehof emerged in 1932, the costs require the student body to be composed of predominantly wealthy families.
Every year the Birklehof writes to schools all over Germany in order to attract interested students to the boarding school. Scholarships and partial scholarships are awarded to 20% of internal students; The school addresses particularly talented and interested students with performance grants.
Around 40 working groups offer every student the opportunity to pursue their interests and skills. The focus is on music, theater, art (handicrafts) and outdoor sports. In the immediate vicinity of the Birklehof there are opportunities for mountain biking, skiing, horse riding, golf, tennis, hiking and climbing.
Many Birklehof students make intensive use of the opportunities offered to them. The awards in competitions such as “ Jugend musiziert ”, “ Jugend forscht ”, “ Jugend debattiert ”, “ Democratic acting ”, film competitions and sports competitions as well as the above average number of recordings in the German National Academic Foundation testify to this . A student exchange with over 40 schools on all continents and participation in international environmental and aid projects enable students to meet people from all over the world.
Living and learning in a large and yet manageable community is understood at Birklehof as an enriching addition to growing up in the family. Most of the teachers live at the Birklehof, look after the boarding houses and are also available to the students outside of class. Every student is called upon to help shape the “Birklehof community”. In the services that are binding for all, the students learn to use their skills for others, to take responsibility and to bring about changes with personal commitment.
- Peter von Blomberg , Deputy Chairman of Transparency International Germany
- Karl Heinz Bohrer , literary scholar and essayist
- Adrian Braunbehrens , philologist, Johann Peter Hebel researcher
- Volkmar Braunbehrens , musicologist and publicist
- Henning Burk , director and screenwriter
- Carl-Hubertus von Butler (Abitur 1970), Lieutenant General ret. D. of the Army of the German Armed Forces, lastly Commander of the Army Command
- Georg Ruprecht von Butler (Abitur 1943), former German officer, most recently Major General of the Bundeswehr
- Alexandra Dinges-Dierig , Senator for Education (CDU) in Hamburg
- Gerhard Dohrn-van Rossum , Professor of History, TU Chemnitz
- Heilwig Countess zu Eulenburg (Abitur 1959), German writer
- Nikolaus von Festenberg (Abitur 1966), Spiegel editor
- Caroline Fetscher (Abitur 1977), journalist, since 1997 employee of the Berliner Tagesspiegel
- Irene Fischer , actress ("Lindenstrasse")
- Heinrich zu Fürstenberg (briefly), brewery and large landowner
- Herbert Girardet (Abitur 1961), author, filmmaker, chairman of the Schumacher Society in England, visiting professor at various universities in England, program director of the World Future Council
- Dietrich Hahn , (briefly 1960), publicist
- Friedemann Hahn , painter
- Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin , officer and resistance fighter
- Michael Klett , Stuttgart publisher
- Caio Koch-Weser , Vice President and Managing Director of the World Bank , State Secretary in the Federal Ministry of Finance
- Tom Koenigs , (Abitur 1962), Member of the Bundestag, Green politician, UN diplomat, Human Rights Commissioner of the German Federal Government under Chancellor Gerhard Schröder , until February 2006 Special Commissioner of the United Nations Secretary General for Afghanistan
- Wolf Koenigs (Abitur 1961), German building researcher and monument conservator
- Jürgen von Kruedener , historian, President of the University of the Federal Armed Forces in Munich from 1987 to 1993
- Marie Marcks , cartoonist
- Bruno Müller-Oerlinghausen , professor, psychopharmacologist
- Uwe Nettelbeck , writer, publisher Die Republik
- Ludwig Salgo (1957 to 1958), professor of law, child and family lawyer in Frankfurt, specialist advisor to the federal government
- Michael Schönborn , Austrian actor
- Wieland Schulz-Keil (Abitur 1966), film producer
- Moritz von Uslar (Abitur 1989), author and journalist, ex- Spiegel editor
- Henning Venske , cabaret artist
- Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker (1/4 year 1952), until 2000 President of the Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy
- Daniel Ziblatt , political scientist, Harvard University
Well-known teachers and other personalities
- Hans Karl Fritzsche (1914–1999), officer, resistance fighter and ministerial official; from 1950 to 1955 teacher and educator
- Kurt Hahn , founder of the Birklehof and the Salem Palace School
- Hartmut von Hentig (1953–1955), educator and Nestor of reform pedagogy
- Helmut Lindemann , publicist, headmaster 1961/1962
- Georg Picht (1946–1955), headmaster, religious philosopher
- Edith Picht-Axenfeld , pianist and harpsichordist, wife of Georg Picht
- Gottfried Schramm , historian
- Rudolf Till , classical philologist, teacher until 1958
- Kurt Thomas , former Thomaskantor , led a school choir week with sacred works by Johann Sebastian Bach once a year in the 1960s
- Günter Wojaczek (1932–1997), classical philologist (taught here from January 1, 1960 until the end of the school year on April 7, 1960)
- Hildegard Herchenröther: My history of the Birklehof school: 1932–1982 . Birklehof School, Hinterzarten 1982, DNB 830014942 .
- Birklehof School (Ed.): 50 Years Birklehof. Pictures and texts: 1932 to 1982 . Birklehof School, Hinterzarten 1982, DNB 830014918 .
- Birklehof School (Ed.): 50 Years Birklehof. The party. (With photographs by Georg Nemec) . Birklehof School, Hinterzarten 1982, DNB 943389216 .
- Birklehof School (Ed.): 50 Years Birklehof. Rural education homes: Initiatives and experiences using the example of Birklehof; 1932-1982 . Birklehof School, Hinterzarten 1982, DNB 830014934 .
- Stefan Würthle: The Birklehof - a German rural education home in the National Socialist era . Albert Ludwigs University, Freiburg im Breisgau, History Seminar, Freiburg im Breisgau 1998, OCLC 314250648 .
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht . From Birklehof to an educational offensive. In: New Collection . tape 44 , no. 4 , 2004, ISSN 0028-3355 , p. 517-528 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-25749 .
- Karl Heinz Bohrer : Shrapnel. Story of a youth (= German volume 14293). Hanser, Munich 2014, ISBN 978-3-423-14293-9 , pp. 137 ff., Urn : nbn: de: 101: 1-2013111212773 .
- Eva Hezel: The effects of the student riot (1968) on the Birklehof boarding school in Hinterzarten . State examination thesis. Albert Ludwig University, Freiburg im Breisgau, History Seminar, Freiburg im Breisgau 2016 ( full text [PDF; 710 kB ; accessed on August 11, 2020]).
- Birklehof website
- Website of the Altbirklehoferbund ( alumni association )
- Hellmut Becker : Georg Picht vom Birklehof ( Memento from March 4, 2010 in the Internet Archive ). In: The time . October 15, 1982, No. 42/1982
- Dieter Maurer: Breitnau: Fire Department and Sewage. (No longer available online.) In: badische-zeitung.de. Badische Zeitung , July 30, 2011, archived from the original on August 10, 2017 ; accessed on June 27, 2017 .
- Eva Korinth: Breitnau: Joint Council Meeting: BY THE WAY: To the decision on the border. (No longer available online.) Badische Zeitung, July 1, 2016, archived from the original on August 10, 2017 ; accessed on June 27, 2017 .
- Hildegard Herchenröther: My story of the Birklehof school. (PDF; 306 kB) (No longer available online.) In: birklehof.de. Formerly in the original ; accessed on June 24, 2018 (no mementos). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) In: Der Birklehof in the post-war period 1946–1963. A collection of texts. Birklehof, [Hinterzarten] 2004, .
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 7 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 3 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( birklehof.de ( Memento from January 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 12 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 27 ff ., urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 43 , urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- BZ editorial team: Hinterzarten: The new one is an old friend. Henrik Fass runs the Birklehof. (No longer available online.) In: badische-zeitung.de. Badische Zeitung, September 4, 2012, archived from the original on February 1, 2016 ; accessed on April 15, 2019 . .
- Teresa Löwe: Georg Picht and the Birklehof School in the post-war period (1946–1955) . Preparatory text for the meeting of the Altbirklehofer of the post-war generation from May 19 to 22, 2004. T. Löwe, Berlin 2004, DNB 970838786 , p. 40 ff ., urn : nbn: de: 0111-opus-26754 ( archive.org [PDF; 170 kB ; accessed on June 24, 2018] alternative memento in the Internet Archive ).
- Dieter Maurer: No signs of guilt . In: Badische Zeitung . August 13, 2010 ( badische-zeitung.de [accessed August 27, 2020]).
- Jörg Schindler: Elite boarding school Birklehof: allegations against former school doctor. (No longer available online.) In: fr-online.de. Frankfurter Rundschau , April 9, 2010, archived from the original on December 13, 2015 ; accessed on April 15, 2019 .
- Salvete, discipuli! In: Der Spiegel . No. 14 , 2006 ( online ).
- Costs & fees boarding school 2020/21. (PDF; 111 kB) School Birklehof e. V., January 2020, accessed on August 20, 2020 .
- Working groups & services 2019/20. (PDF; 2.1 MB) Birklehof School e. V., September 2019, accessed on August 20, 2020 .
- website of the Round Square project. In: roundsquare.org, accessed April 15, 2019.