Castellaneta (Apulia)

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coat of arms
Castellaneta (Italy)
Country Italy
region Apulia
province Tarent  (TA)
Coordinates 40 ° 38 ′  N , 16 ° 56 ′  E Coordinates: 40 ° 38 ′ 0 ″  N , 16 ° 56 ′ 0 ″  E
height 245  m slm
surface 239 km²
Residents 16,721 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 70 inhabitants / km²
Post Code 74011
prefix 099
ISTAT number 073003
Popular name Castellanetani
Patron saint St. Nicholas and Franz von Paola
Website Castellaneta
General view of the city
General view of the city
The Gravina Grande di Castellaneta
In the foreground the 3rd bridge, behind it the 2nd Castellaneta bridge

Castellaneta is an Italian commune in the province of Taranto ( Taranto ) in the Apulia region .


The distance to Taranto is about 40 km. Castellaneta has 16,721 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019).


Castellaneta was founded around 550 and at that time still had the Latin name Castania . After the destruction by the Saracens , the remaining inhabitants withdrew to a fortress called Castellum Unitum , which gave the current city its current name.

The Normans conquered Castellaneta in 1064 and drove out the Byzantine population. Around the same time, Castellaneta became a bishopric . Charles of Anjou later gave Castellaneta the name Royal City .

In 1503 a French siege attempt failed.

During the Second World War , Castellaneta was bombed by the Germans when they withdrew. 27 people died.


  • The Gravina Grande di Castellaneta gorge southeast of the city
  • Chiesa di San Nicola Cathedral , built in 1220, completely renovated in the 18th century
  • Church of Santa Maria della Luce (13th century), Gothic architecture
  • Church of San Domenico with Renaissance and Baroque facades
  • Church of San Francesco d'Assisi (1471) with paintings from the 17th century
  • Railway bridges of Castellaneta : Two parallel railway bridges from 1929 and 1997 (of the third, oldest, from 1868 only small remains exist), which span the Gravina Grande di Castellaneta at a height of about 80 m .


Castellaneta has a stop on the Bari – Taranto railway line . It replaces a train station that had to be abandoned when the new route here went into operation in 1997.

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Castellaneta  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
  2. ^ Railway Atlas Italy and Slovenia / Atlante ferroviario d'Italia e Slovenia . Schweers + Wall 2010. ISBN 978-3-89494-129-1 , p. 81.