Eduard Richter

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Eduard Richter
Salzburg, Mönchsberg , Richterhöhe , Eduard Richter monument (1907)

Eduard Richter (born October 3, 1847 in Mannersdorf am Leithagebirge , Lower Austria; † February 6, 1905 in Graz , Styria) was an Austrian geographer, historian, glacier researcher and alpinist.


Richter grew up in Wiener Neustadt , the home of his mother and the place where his maternal grandparents lived, after his father, a legal advisor and imperial administrator, died in 1848.

In 1866 he began studying German at the University of Vienna . In 1867 his mother bought him free from military service, finished his German studies and began studying history and geology. Theodor von Sickel (1826–1908) obtained admission to the kk Institute for Austrian Historical Research in 1869 , to which Richter was a full member until 1871. In 1870 he passed the teaching examination in geography and history for the middle school. In 1870/71 he prepared for the institute examination, for which a kind of dissertation ( institute thesis ) on a freely chosen topic had to be submitted. Richter made the Austrian possessions of the Diocese of Freising , completely unaffected by Sickel, the subject of a historical and geographical investigation, which was applauded by the supervising officers. Albert Hunter (1801-1891), the founder of the Institute for Austrian Historical Research, encouraged the volunteers to get for Austrian history habilitation . Since the prospects for this subject did not seem favorable at the time and Sickel, whose help would have been decisive, was cool and negative about the matter , Richter did not consider the habilitation process any further and also failed to apply for a doctorate . He turned to the more modest , but secure career of a high school teacher and was on the mediation of Friedrich Simony (1813-1896), with whom he already studied geology, from 1871 (until 1886) high school professor in Salzburg .

From 1883 to 1885 Richter was chairman of the Salzburg Alpine Club section and was president of the central committee of the DÖAV . After Richter had made up for the missed doctorate (from the Philosophical Faculty) in July 1885 , he was appointed full professor of geography at the University of Graz on February 6, 1886 - and in a big ceremony on April 17, 1886, he left Salzburg. In 1886 he was elected a member of the Leopoldina .

In 1898/99 Eduard Richter was rector of the University of Graz, from 1898 to 1900 president of the international glacier commission, and in 1902 he became a real member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences .

Richter primarily devoted himself to the geomorphology of the high mountains and lake science, and worked in glaciology (glacier research) . Among other things, he calculated the size of 1012 glaciers in the Eastern Alps and created a kind of glacier dictionary. He gave impulses for the establishment of the glacier measuring service in the Alpine Association. He led the preparatory work for the “Historical Atlas of the Austrian Alpine Countries”, which he was entrusted with by the Academy of Sciences. The first volume, Salzburg, Upper Austria, Styria , appeared a year after his death.

Richter's daughter Bertha (1881–1970) married the historian Leo Santifaller in Bolzano in the 1920s and presented a number of studies of names, mainly on the Ladin Dolomite region.

Works (selection)

II. Schlieferspitze. In: Journal of the German and Austrian Alpine Association , year 1872, (Volume III), pp. 281–286,
III. Order of leadership in Prägraten. In: Journal of the German and Austrian Alpine Club , year 1872, (Volume III), pp. 286–291,
IV. Umbalthal and Dreiherrenspitze. In: Journal of the German and Austrian Alpine Club , year 1872, (Volume III), pp. 292–299,
V. Attempt on the Daberspitze and ascent of the Röthspitze (Welitz). In: Journal of the German and Austrian Alpine Club , year 1872, (Volume III), pp. 299–307,
VI. Ascent of the Hochgall. In: Journal of the German and Austrian Alpine Club , year 1872, (Volume III), pp. 307–316.

Awards, honors


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Science Calendar : Portrait of the Day - "Eduard Richter" (February 6)
  2. Lukas: Eduard Richter , p. 126 f.
  3. Lukas: Eduard Richter , p. 131.
  4. ^ The judges' celebration in Salzburg. In: Mitteilungen des Deutschen und Österreichischen Alpenverein , year 1886, (Volume XII), p. 100 ff. (Online at ALO ).
  5. Uphill_2_2016. In: Pp. 6-7 , accessed December 13, 2016 .
  6. OBV .
  7. OBV .
  8. ^ German biography: Name entry for Bertha Richter
  9. ^ Hannes Obermair : Leo Santifaller (1890–1974). From archives, cathedral chapters and biographies. In: Karel Hruza (ed.): Austrian historians 1900–1945. CVs and careers in Austria, Germany and Czechoslovakia in portraits of the history of science. Vienna: Böhlau 2008, pp. 597–617, reference pp. 603f.
  10. a b Widmann: Dr. Eduard Richter , p. 17.
  11. Widmann: Dr. Eduard Richter , p. 18.


  1.  Unveiled on September 15, 1907. - Georg Kollm (Ed.): Negotiations of the sixteenth German Geographers' Day in Nuremberg from May 21 to 26, 1907 . Negotiations of the German Geographers' Day, Volume 16. Reimer, Berlin 1907, OBV , p. 22.