The Endeavor embarks on the STS-99 earth observation mission
The Endeavor before the start of the STS-118 mission
The Endeavor at the California Science Center
space shuttle Endeavor ( English for effort , effort ) was completed on April 25, 1991 as a replacement for the space shuttle Challenger and had its maiden flight on May 7, 1992. Its internal designation is OV-105. The last take-off took place on May 16, 2011 at 2:56 p.m. CEST , the last landing on June 1, 2011 at 8:35 a.m. CEST in Florida.
The name for the
space shuttle was found through a student competition in which a total of 71,652 students took part. In May 1989, US President George HW Bush announced the name Endeavor after James Cook 's first ship of the same name (hence the British spelling instead of the correct spelling Endeavor in American English ).
The Endeavor was built by
Rockwell International and cost a total of $ 2.2 billion. She completed 25 successful flights.
The last time the shuttle was overhauled was between December 2003 and October 2005 (Orbiter Major Modification Period) and received important technical and safety-related improvements. In addition to the so-called
glass cockpit , an instrument panel equipped with several freely assignable monitors, the Endeavor received an improved navigation system for position determination and the robotic arm extension Orbiter Boom Sensor System (OBSS) resulting from the recommendations of the “Columbia Accident Investigation Board” .
After its last mission in May / June 2011, the space shuttle was assigned as a museum piece to the
California Science Center in Los Angeles at the end of the American shuttle program , and has been on display there since October 2012.
May 7, 1992
Daniel Brandenstein , Kevin Chilton , Pierre Thuot , Kathryn Thornton , Richard Hieb , Thomas Akers , Bruce Melnick
September 12, 1992
Robert Gibson , Curtis Brown , Mark Lee , Jan Davis , Jerome Apt , Mae Jemison , Mamoru Mōri
January 13, 1993
John Casper , Donald McMonagle , Mario Runco , Gregory Harbaugh , Susan Helms
June 21, 1993
Ronald Grabe , Brian Duffy , David Low , Nancy Currie , Peter Wisoff , Janice Voss
2nd December 1993
Richard Covey , Kenneth Bowersox , Story Musgrave , Kathryn Thornton , Claude Nicollier , Jeffrey Hoffman , Thomas Akers
April 9, 1994
Sidney Gutierrez , Kevin Chilton , Linda Godwin , Jerome Apt , Michael Clifford , Thomas Jones
September 30, 1994
Michael Baker , Terrence Wilcutt , Thomas Jones , Steven Smith , Daniel Bursch , Peter Wisoff
March 2, 1995
Stephen Oswald , William Gregory , Tamara Jernigan , John Grunsfeld , Wendy Lawrence , Ronald Parise , Samuel Durrance
September 7, 1995
David Walker , Kenneth Cockrell , James Voss , James Newman , Michael Gernhardt
January 11, 1996
Brian Duffy , Brent Jett , Leroy Chiao , Daniel Barry , Winston Scott , Kōichi Wakata
May 19, 1996
John Casper , Curtis Brown , Daniel Bursch , Marc Garneau , Mario Runco , Andrew Thomas
January 23, 1998
Terrence Wilcutt , Joe Edwards , Bonnie Dunbar , Michael Anderson , James Reilly , Salischan Sharipow
4th December 1998
Robert Cabana , Frederick Sturckow , Nancy Currie , Sergei Krikaljow , James Newman , Jerry Ross
February 11, 2000
Kevin Kregel , Dominic Gorie , Janet Kavandi , Janice Voss , Mamoru Mōri , Gerhard Thiele
December 1, 2000
Brent Jett , Michael Bloomfield , Marc Garneau , Carlos Noriega , Joseph Tanner
April 19, 2001
Kent Rominger , Jeffrey Ashby , Umberto Guidoni , Chris Hadfield , Juri Lontschakow , Scott Parazynski , John Phillips
December 5, 2001
Dominic Gorie , Mark Kelly , Linda Godwin , Daniel Tani
June 5, 2002
Kenneth Cockrell , Paul Lockhart , Franklin Chang-Diaz , Philippe Perrin
November 24, 2002
James Wetherbee , Paul Lockhart , Michael López-Alegría , John Herrington
August 8, 2007
Scott Kelly , Charles Hobaugh , Barbara Morgan , Richard Mastracchio , Tracy Caldwell , Dafydd Williams , Alvin Drew
March 11, 2008
Dominic Gorie , Gregory H. Johnson , Robert Behnken , Michael Foreman , Richard Linnehan , Takao Doi
November 15, 2008
Christopher Ferguson , Eric Boe , Stephen Bowen , Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper , Donald Pettit , Shane Kimbrough
July 15, 2009
Mark Polansky , Douglas Hurley , Christopher Cassidy , Thomas Marshburn , David Wolf , Julie Payette
February 8, 2010
George Zamka , Terry Virts , Robert Behnken , Kathryn Hire , Nicholas Patrick , Stephen Robinson
May 16, 2011
Mark Kelly , Gregory H. Johnson , Michael Fincke , Greg Chamitoff , Andrew Feustel , Roberto Vittori
The shuttle had a small role in the movie
The Core .
Andrew Jay Feustel took the little mole , a cartoon character , with him on the last mission in the form of a soft toy and handed it over to the inventor, Zdeněk Miler , on his return.
In honor of the Endeavor Shuttle, the two astronauts on the
SpX-DM2 mission renamed their Dragon capsule in Earth orbit Endeavor. Both had made their first space flights with this shuttle.
Samuel Oschin Pavilion - California ScienCenter. Retrieved October 30, 2012 .
Endeavor astronaut gives a present to father of the "Little Mole" . ( digitalfernsehen.de [accessed on May 6, 2018]).
May 31, 2020, Crew Dragon's astronauts give their SpaceX spaceship a storied name: Endeavor. accessed May 31, 2020 (American English). <img src="https://de.wikipedia.org//de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:CentralAutoLogin/start?type=1x1" alt="" title="" width="1" height="1" style="border: none; position: absolute;">