Great creek

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Great creek
Great priel southeast side

Great priel southeast side

height 2515  m above sea level A.
location Upper Austria , Austria
Mountains Dead Mountains
Dominance 41 km →  Gjaidstein
Notch height 1711 m ↓  Hinterberger Tal
Coordinates 47 ° 43 '1 "  N , 14 ° 3' 47"  E Coordinates: 47 ° 43 '1 "  N , 14 ° 3' 47"  E
Großer Priel (Upper Austria)
Great creek
rock Banked Dachstein limestone
Age of the rock Norium - Rhaetium
Normal way Over the Brotfallscharte
particularities Highest mountain in the Dead Mountains
Northwest face of the Great Priel

Northwest face of the Great Priel

Template: Infobox Berg / Maintenance / BILD1

The Great Priel (also Hoher Priel , Greatest Mountain ) is with a height of 2515  m above sea level. A. the highest mountain in the Dead Mountains in Upper Austria's Traunviertel and is one of the 25 most prominent mountains in the Alps . It forms the north-eastern cornerstone of the large karst plateau of the Dead Mountains and slopes down on all sides in steep walls made of Dachstein limestone . Due to its far forward position on the northern edge of the Alps, the Great Priel occupies a dominant position over the Alpine foothills .


The name Priel is the first time in 1584 in the Urbar of the rule Scharnstein mentioned "genent the Hochgepürg the Pruell" as saying. In the map of Upper Austria by Georg Matthäus Vischer (1669), the priel is referred to as “mons altissimus totius provintzia”, i.e. the highest mountain in the whole country, due to its dominant position. This corresponds to the name "Großtenberg" , which was previously used in the Almtal .

Konrad Schiffmann traced the name “Priel” back to a Slavic word prědělъ (watershed, border). This interpretation was rejected by Karl Finsterwalder , among other things because names of so far remote peaks typically do not go back to such old language classes. Finsterwalder derived the name from the German word "Priel" (water collection, water point), whereby the name had migrated from the alpine area to the summit. It is also conceivable that the farm name "Prieler" could be used in the Stodertal.

Location and structure

The Große Priel rises on the municipal areas of Grünau im Almtal ( Gmunden district ) and Hinterstoder ( Kirchdorf an der Krems district ). The substructure of the mountain consists of weather stone dolomite . A narrow, largely open strip of Lunzer layers provides the transition to the mighty unity of the banked Dachstein limestone , which forms the entire superstructure. The Große Priel is often referred to as the highest mountain that is located entirely on Upper Austrian soil, as all the higher purely Upper Austrian peaks in the Dachstein massif only have relatively low heights of less than 300 meters.

The Great Priel is connected to the karst plateau of the Dead Mountains by its west ridge. This descends to the Fleischbanksattel ( 2123  m ), to which the Schermberg ( 2396  m ) connects. On its east side, four ridges, each sloping into rock walls, enclose three larger cirques : Kirtagkar , Goldkar and Kühkar (from north to south). The northernmost permanent firn field in the Alps is located in Kühkar . When the firn and snow layers melted over a large area in 2011, thin layers of gravel on a larger body of ice with melting funnels were the last remains of the former glacier. The north ridge descends to the Arzlochscharte ( 1985  m ) and provides a connection to the elongated ridge of the Teufelsmauer ( 2185  m ) and the Kleiner Priel ( 2126  m ), which stretches from west to east .

Tourist development

The ascent of the Großer Priel was first mentioned by Archduke Johann in his travel diaries as part of a multi-day hike on the high plateau of the Dead Mountains in 1810:

“From the Schneethal over bare rocks you can safely get to the summit of the Hoch-Priel in the country above the Enns in 2 hours; Game shooters have already climbed it. It is the highest in the whole area; ... "

The first documented tourist ascent was made on August 29, 1817 by Franz Sigmund Graf von Engl zu Wagrain and Seisenburg, guided by the hunters Hans, Anton, Engelbert and Ferdinand Riedler. They were followed on August 14, 1819 by Archduke Ludwig of Austria in large company.

As early as 1870, on the initiative of Pastor Dominik Kastner and Camillo Starhembergs in Hinterstoder, an iron summit cross, eight meters high and weighing 2240 kilograms, was erected from afar . The path over the Brotfallscharte to the summit could also be completed by 1872. The Viennese court coat of arms painter Carl Krahl then had a natural cave beneath the Brotfallscharte near the summit enlarged by blasting it and provided it with cladding including a door, benches and mattresses. The work was carried out by the Austrian Tourist Club. The accommodation facility was opened on September 6, 1875. However, as the moisture inside the cave proved to be problematic, the construction of a lower-lying shelter was soon considered. On August 18, 1884, the Carl-Krahl-Haus was finally opened on the Oberen Polsteralm.

The new summit cross (2013)

After the summit cross fell victim to a strong thunderstorm on the evening of June 25, 2009, a replica was erected on the summit on August 17, 2009.

Großer Priel (middle) from Gusterberg near Kremsmünster, 40 km to the north . For the origin of the national survey there , it served as a prominent destination from 1823–30. On the right the Schermberg ( 2396  m ), on the left in front of it the Kremsmauer ( 1604  m ).


The ascent takes place from Hinterstoder via the Prielschutzhaus or from the Almtal via the Almtalerhaus and the Welser hut or as a transition from the Pühringerhütte .

Ascent variants from the Prielschutzhaus

  • Normal route over the Brotfallscharte with individual, newly renovated wire rope insurances
  • The Bert-Rinesch-Steig, built in 1994, is a popular via ferrata (difficulty C – D).
  • South ridge. Alpine climbing route (IV +; III, A0)

Ascent variants from the Welser hut

  • Normal route over the meat bank saddle
  • Northwest ridge: alpine climbing route (III +)

The transition from the Pühringerhütte also leads over the Fleischbanksattel. A seldom used and lengthy crossing, the so-called priel crossing , leads from the Kleiner Priel ( 2134  m ) over the Schwarzkogel ( 2091  m ), the Wöchana ( 2049  m ), the Angelmauer ( 2102  m ), the Teufelsmauer ( 2187  m ) and the Kirtagmauer ( 2144  m ) to the Arzlochscharte and from there over the Priel north ridge to the summit of the Großer Priel. This crossing, a ridge hike with many but short climbing sections up to difficulty level II ( UIAA ), was carried out for the first time in 1904 by O. Gruber and H. Schmid. Due to the length of the tour and the ascent and descent, which should not be underestimated, a bivouac is to be expected.


Web links

Commons : Großer Priel  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Federal Office for Metrology and Surveying Austria: Austrian Map online (Austrian map 1: 50,000) .
  2. ^ Karl Finsterwalder : Living and extinct people in the name of the Dead Mountains. In: Werner Heißel (Red.): Alpenvereinsjahrbuch 1967, Volume 92. Innsbruck / Munich 1967, pp. 53–64.
  3. ^ Federal Geological Institute : Geological Map of Upper Austria, Vienna 2006.
  4. ^ Josef Zeitlinger: The snow field in the Kühkar on the Great Priel. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association. Gesellschaft für Landeskunde (Ed.), Volume 106, Linz 1961, pp. 253–266, online (PDF) in the forum
  5. Picture ( Memento of the original from May 5, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  6. Ludwig Krenmayr, Gernot Rabeder, Gisbert Rabeder: Alpenvereinsführer Totes Gebirge (= Alpine Club Leader. Series: Northern Limestone Alps ). RZ 60-63 and 155-157. 3rd, revised edition. Bergverlag Rudolf Rother, Munich 1982, ISBN 3-7633-1244-7 , margin number 334.