|UN / LOCODE||DE ASC|
|owner||Free State of Bavaria|
|operator||Bayernhafen GmbH & Co. KG|
|Port type||Inland port|
|Throughput||800,677 t (2017)|
|Coordinates||49 ° 58 '14 " N , 9 ° 6' 12" E|
The port of Aschaffenburg , one of six locations of the bayernhafen Gruppe , is located on the Bavarian side of the Rhine-Main area (Main km 83.0). Together with the Main , the port is part of the 3,500-kilometer Rhine-Main-Danube waterway that connects the North Sea and the Black Sea . The Main connects the Aschaffenburg port with the economic centers on the trans-European water transport network and with the most important seaports in the Rhine-Maas Delta , the ARA ports of Amsterdam, Rotterdam and Antwerp.
In 2016 around four million tons were handled in bayernhafen Aschaffenburg. The cargo handling includes z. B. mineral oils , building materials, cellulose , coal , steel , chemical preliminary products, industrial products, valuable and industrial wood as well as precious metal and iron scrap, paper and plastics . The functional focus of bayernhafen Aschaffenburg is industrial logistics, renewable energies and recycling / raw materials .
Around 60 companies from logistics , production, recycling, supply and services use the port as a company location and employ around 2,500 people. Bayernhafen Aschaffenburg itself employs around 35 people.
The total port area is 157 hectares. That corresponds roughly to the area of 220 soccer fields. The port infrastructure includes 2 port basins, a quay length of 3,454 meters, 21 km of the port's own rail network, a terminal for combined transport and a heavy goods transshipment point.
In 2013, the port of Aschaffenburg, with 787,502 t of ship freight traffic, accounted for 10.17% of ship goods traffic in Bavaria, which in 2013 totaled 7,742,816 t.
The State Treaty of 1906 between the states of Bavaria , Prussia , Baden and Hesse stipulated the expansion of the Main for large-scale shipping. Construction and expansion of the port of Aschaffenburg began in 1914 and ended with the opening of the port on November 3, 1921.
With the ordinance of August 27, 1925, Bavaria created the Bavarian State Harbor Administration as an independent administration and established the port authorities in Ludwigshafen am Rhein , Aschaffenburg , Regensburg and Passau . The responsibility of the Reichsbahn , the road and river construction offices and that of the Bavarian customs administration for the ports was thereby replaced. With effect from January 1, 1926, the Aschaffenburg Port Authority administered the facilities in the New Port of Aschaffenburg and in the raft and trading port. The New Harbor was a gigantic facility for that time. It is still the largest contiguous industrial and commercial area on the Bavarian Lower Main.
Important transport goods in the first few years were coal and coke for the region and the steam locomotives of the Deutsche Reichsbahn. As early as 1924, 28 larger companies had settled in the port. The focus was on freight forwarders and shipping companies, industrial companies and coal wholesalers.
After the Second World War , Bavaria and its parts of the state on the left bank of the Rhine also lost the Rhine ports of Ludwigshafen am Rhein , Speyer and Maximiliansau . The port authorities of Regensburg and Aschaffenburg with the associated ports remained in the home countries . On April 1, 1953, until then as individual plants were cameralistic (= only revenue / expenditure account) managed port authorities combined into a commercially run business operation, which laid the foundation for their corporate direction.
In 1960 a start was made on opening up and preparing the former Wehrmacht areas for industrial settlements ("Industriepark Südwest"). Today mainly logistics companies are located there, for example the Danish logistics group DSV . In the 1960s, the importance of coal as a fuel waned , and at the same time the handling of oil increased. In 1972 the expansion along the Main took place with the commissioning of the Stockstadt transshipment point , which, as an industrial port (quay 6) , serves to supply the paper mill behind with coal, cellulose , calcium carbonate and heavy oil .
The 1990s were characterized by the modernization of the infrastructure. Over 25 million DM were invested in bank systems and new crane systems alone. Five modern crane systems enable goods up to 50 tons to be handled. The container terminal has been in operation since 1999. On June 1, 2005, a new era begins for the former Bavarian state ports and thus also for the port of Aschaffenburg. As a result of a cabinet resolution from 2004, the Bavarian State Harbor Administration becomes Bayernhafen GmbH & Co. KG, which is organized under private law.
The Aschaffenburg port railway connects the port of Aschaffenburg to the rail network of the DB AG . Its construction from 1906 (start of planning) to 1921 (commissioning) contributed significantly to the emergence of the district of Leider in its current form. There are several listed buildings on their site. It consists of a marshalling yard , an adjacent depot and track systems with a total length of 20 km. In addition , the 4.3 km long siding branching off the Aschaffenburg – Miltenberg railway line at Aschaffenburg-Süd station , which initially runs parallel to the Main Valley Railway , then crosses the Main via the Nilkheim Main Bridge and finally flows past Schönbusch Park into the port station. The remainder of the Bachgaubahn , which is no longer in operation, branches off from the connection .
The port station with the original name "Aschaffenburg-Süd Neuer Hafen" was built from 1914 to 1921 and consists of seven tracks that lead into a 110 m long pull-out siding and a group with four short sidings. There are two signal boxes at the port station .
Next to the train station is a group of listed buildings, which in 2007 received the Lower Franconian district's sponsorship award for the preservation of historical buildings. In the buildings grouped around a rectangular square, in addition to the administration of the port railway, the NBE Rail also had its seat. In addition, listed residential buildings in the same architectural style are adjacent.
The port railway has its own vehicles. The shunting service is carried out with 2 Deutz KG 230 B diesel locomotives. A larger diesel locomotive (former DR series V 100 ) is mainly used for the transfer to Aschaffenburg Hbf. We also have our own construction vehicles. A Krauss-Maffei ME 05 was sold to Sweden.
Total cargo handling by mode of transport (in thousands of tons)
Modal Split 2016:
- Ship: 19.3%
- Railway: 7.5%
- Truck: 73.2%