List of teaching methods

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The didactics , respectively the methodology , has so far not succeeded in establishing a consistent taxonomy of teaching methods . Nevertheless, a rough distinction can be made between general principles or concepts on the one hand and concrete teaching techniques on the other. Methods offer a whole made up of theory and the teaching methods derived from it.

The sociologist and educational scientist Peter Baumgartner has developed a concept with the help of which a "taxonomy of teaching methods" can be created. His concept is based on the system developed by Karl-Heinz Flechsig . The proposal does not represent an empirical classification , but a typology. With the taxonomy, it tries to create a system of structure in which all teaching methods can be systematically classified without exception. This classification system does not contain a complete list of all teaching methods, but a system with the help of which all known methods can be classified and presented.

Teaching principles

Teaching principles are general ideas about teaching that can be implemented in different processes.

  1. Dialogic learning
  2. differentiation
  3. Discovery learning
  4. Multi-dimensional learning
  5. Holism
  6. Action orientation
  7. inclusion
  8. Cooperative learning
  9. Learning through teaching (LdL)
  10. goal orientation
  11. Learning orientation
  12. Process orientation
  13. Self-determined learning (there individual methods)
  14. Self-organized learning (SOL)
  15. Self-activity

Teaching methods / forms of teaching

  1. Programmed lessons
  2. Project-oriented teaching
  3. Project teaching

Teaching techniques

Teaching techniques serve to put teaching principles into practice.

Social forms


The choice of medium is also a methodological decision. These are common

See also

see. also teaching techniques


  • Maiko Kahler: Children organize their own learning paths . Cornelsen, Berlin, 2014, ISBN 978-3-589-16291-8 .
  • Maiko Kahler (eds.), Falko Peschel, Boris Pfeiffer: Self-organized learning as a form of work in elementary school: Situational fresh food after 40 years of worksheet didactics . Norderstedt, 2012, ISBN 978-3-8448-0847-6 .
  • Ulrich Müller, Martin Alsheimer, Ulrich Iberer, Ulrich Papenkort : Playfully plan seminars for further education, training and school . Bielefeld: WBV 2012.
  • Thomas Unruh, Susanne Petersen: Good teaching - tools for teachers and trainee lawyers , AOL-Verlag, 2007 (8th edition)
  • Manfred Bönsch, Astrid Kaiser (employees): Teaching methods - creative and diverse . Baltmannsweiler: Schneider-Verlag 2002
  • Ralf E. Dierenbach: with methods - moderate, present, teach more effectively; the Handbook of Methods A - Z . futurelearning, [1] Schönau im Schwarzwald 2004; ISBN 3-00-013311-9
  • Grieser-Kindel, Christin / Henseler, Roswitha / Möller, Stefan: Method Guide. Methods for individualized and cooperative English teaching in heterogeneous learning groups, Schöningh, Paderborn 2009 ISBN 3140412630
  • Grieser-Kindel, Christin / Henseler, Roswitha / Möller, Stefan: Method Guide. Student activating methods for English teaching in grades 5–10, Schöningh, Paderborn 2006 ISBN 3140412622
  • Hilbert Meyer : teaching methods. 2. Practice volume. Cornelsen Scriptor, 2003, 10th edition
  • Wilhelm H. Peterßen: Small lexicon of methods . Munich 1999
  • Arthur Thömmes: Productive lessons. 100 motivational methods for secondary schools. Verlag an der Ruhr , Mülheim 2005
  • Arthur Thömmes: Successfully complete the teaching units. 100 result-oriented methods for the secondary publishing house an der Ruhr, Mülheim 2006
  • Arthur Thömmes: Productive work phases. 100 methods for secondary education. Verlag an der Ruhr, Mülheim 2007

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Peter Baumgartner: Taxonomy of teaching methods Waxmann, Münster 2011, ISBN 978-3-8309-2546-0 .