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(ceased to exist in 1954)
Małga (no longer in existence in 1954) does not have a coat of arms
Małga (ceased to exist in 1954) (Poland)
Małga (ceased to exist in 1954)
(ceased to exist in 1954)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Warmia-Masuria
Powiat : Szczytno
Gmina : Jedwabno
Geographic location : 53 ° 27 '  N , 20 ° 45'  E Coordinates: 53 ° 27 '10 "  N , 20 ° 44' 37"  E
Residents : 0

Church tower (ruin) of the former village church (2008)

Małga [ 'malga ] ( German  Malga ) has been a deserted village in Gmina Jedwabno (1938 to 1945 Gedwangen ) in Powiat Szczycieński ( Ortelsburg district ) since 1954 . It is located in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship in north-eastern Poland .


The landscape was shaped by the Fennoscan ice sheet and is a postglacial , hilly, wooded ground moraine .

Geographical location

The village of Małga was 23 km northeast of the city of Nidzica (Neidenburg) halfway to Szczytno (Ortelsburg) . The village on Omulew (Omulef) has not existed since 1954, next to the steeple of the former village church, only a few remains of the settlement can be found. From Nowy Las (Neuwald) on the provincial road 545 as well as from Kot (Omulefofen) and from Rekownica (Rekownitza , 1921 to 1945 Großwalde) , the local office of Małga can be reached today by land.


Originally this region was inhabited by the pagan Prussians . After Christianization, the area belonged to the Teutonic Order State from 1243 . The place Malga was first mentioned in documents in 1403. After the Second Peace of Thorn in 1466, the region became part of the Duchy of Prussia and thus in 1701 part of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Province of East Prussia . The village of Malga belonged to the 1818-1945 district Neidenburg in the administrative district of Olsztyn on.

At the end of May 1874, the administrative district of Malga with the rural communities Dembowitz (1935 to 1945 Eichenau , Polish Dębowiec ), Malga, Malgaofen (Polish Niedźwiedź , no longer existed), Rekownitza (1921 to 1945 Großwalde , Polish Rekownica ), Wallendorf (Polish Wały ) and the Malga Mill (Polish Przeganisko , no longer existent). It existed until 1945 and was part of the district of Neidenburg in Administrative district Königsberg (1905 Government district Allenstein ) in the Prussian province of East Prussia .

In 1889, Malga, which until then had belonged to the parish of Jedwabno as a subsidiary parish , became an independent parish. The village church was only built in 1902. To the parish Malga belonged u. a. the places Klein-Malga, Malgamühle, Malgaofen , Habichtsberg , Uszannek . In 1905 there were 520 inhabitants in Malga and 486 in 1939.

Due to the provisions of the Versailles Treaty , the population in the Allenstein voting area , to which Malga belonged, voted on July 11, 1920 on whether it would continue to belong to East Prussia (and thus Germany) or join Poland. In Malga, 383 residents voted to remain with East Prussia, while Poland did not cast any votes.

On January 20, 1945, Malga was captured by the Red Army and placed under the Soviet command. After the end of the war the village became part of Poland and was called Małga . The villagers were evacuated by 1953, the village buildings leveled and in 1954 a military training area (poligon wojskowy Muszaki ) including a restricted military area of the Polish People's Army was built . All that remained was the bell tower of the former Protestant church, which served as a reference point for exercises. In 1993 the military left the training area; it was taken over by the State Forestry Service (Lasy Państwowe) and declared a nature reserve Małga (Rezerwat przyrody Małga).


Malga had its own church since the 16th century at the latest. In 1574 a Protestant church was mentioned. This wooden church stood until 1807, survived external use by French troops and was re-inaugurated in 1819 after extensive restoration work. Between 1901 and 1902 a new church was built, which - like the entire village of Malga - had to give way to a military training area after 1945 . The ruined tower of the church was used for military purposes as a lookout tower and target point and is still a widely visible reminder of the church and village of Malga, which at that time belonged to the Neidenburg church district in the church province of East Prussia of the Church of the Old Prussian Union .

The Roman Catholic residents of Malga were parish into the church in Neidenburg until 1945. She belonged to the deanery of Pomesania with seat in Osterode in the diocese of Warmia .


A school existed in Malga since 1735. It was last two-class.


Connected to the place


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Rolf Jehke, Malga district
  2. Malga district in the Neidenburg district community
  3. Herbert Marzian , Csaba Kenez : "Self-determination for East Germany - A Documentation on the 50th Anniversary of the East and West Prussian Referendum on July 11, 1920"; Editor: Göttinger Arbeitskreis , 1970, p. 90
  4. Malga Church in the Neidenburg district community
  5. circle Neidenburg in AGoFF
  6. Malga at