|Metropolitan area||1,518,988 (2012)|
N'Djamena from the ISS seen from
The city is located in the southwest of the country at the confluence of the Logone and Schari rivers , which forms the border with Cameroon here. A bridge connects the city with Kousséri on the other side.
N'Djaména is divided into 10 arrondissements . These are further subdivided into a total of 64 quarters :
|1 he arrondissement||11||75.203||Allaya • Amsinéné • Ardeb-Timan • Djougoulier • Farcha • Guimeye • Karkandjeri • Madjorio • Massil Abcoma • Milezi • Zaraf|
|2 e arrondissement||5||59,260||Bololo • Djamba Ngato • Goudji • Klémat • Mardjandaffack|
|3 e arrondissement||6th||40,928||Ambassatna • Ardep • Djoumal • Djambalbarh • Gardolé1 • Kabalaye • Sabangali|
|4 e arrondissement||4th||72,067||Blabine • Naga I • Naga II • Repos|
|5 e arrondissement||3||100,948||On-Riguebé • Champ de Fils • Ridina|
|6 e arrondissement||2||45,500||Moursal • Paris-Congo|
|7 e arrondissement||10||223.231||Ambatta • Amtoukoui • Atrone • Boutalbagara • Chagoua • Dembé • Gassi • habena • Kilwiti • Kourmanadji|
|8 e arrondissement||6th||184,641||Information • Diguel • Machaga • Ndjari • Zaffaye-Est • Zaffaye-Ouest|
|9 e arrondissement||7th||75,593||Digangali • Gardolé 2 • Kabé • Ngoumna • Ngueli • Toukra • Walia|
|10 e arrondissement||10||74,047||Achawayil • Djaballiro • Fondoré • Gaoui • Goudji-Charffa • Gozator • Hillé Houdjaj • Lamadji • Ouroula • Sadjeri|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for
In 2012, N'Djamena had around 1.1 million inhabitants in the actual city and 1.5 million in the metropolitan area. The city is expected to have a population of 2.6 million in 2035.
The place was founded by Émile Gentil at the beginning of French colonial rule on May 29, 1900 under the name Fort-Lamy . It was named after the African explorer and military leader François Joseph Amédée Lamy , who five weeks earlier, on April 22, 1900, in the battle of Kousséri (Fort-Fureau), on the opposite bank of the Shari, against the Arab usurper of Bornu , Rabeh-az Zubayr , had fallen. Until the country gained independence in 1960, this was the seat of the French administration. During the Second World War, the city served as the main hub for supplies by the Allies. Because of this, Fort Lamy was attacked by two German aircraft in a secret operation on January 20, 1942. On November 6, 1973, the city was renamed N'Djamena; the Arabic name came from a small town nearby and means "here we have rested". The population grew from 9,976 in 1937 to 126,483 in 1968 to around one million inhabitants.
During the civil wars in the 1970s and 1980s, the city was fought over several times.
In June 2015, attackers from the Islamist terrorist organization Boko Haram killed 38 people in two suicide attacks in N'Djamena. Ten suspects were sentenced to death by shooting in August.
The only university in Chad, founded in 1970, is located in N'Djamena .
N'Djamena has an international airport ( IATA code NDJ) that is served by Cargolux , Air France , Ethiopian Airlines , Sudan Airways , Camair-Co and Turkish Airlines . There is no train connection. In 2012, the Ministry of Transport in Chad is said to have concluded an agreement with a Chinese company: According to this, a railway line should be built from N'Djamena to the south to the border with Cameroon, and another railway line should lead from N'Djamena to the east to the border with Sudan ( see rail transport in Chad ).
There are meat factories and an oil refinery .
The sights of the city are the museum and the old town.
The city is the seat of the Lake Chad Basin Commission .
sons and daughters of the town
- Jean Alingué Bawoyeu (* 1937), politician and diplomat
- Euzébius Chinekezy Ogbonna Managwu (* 1959), Roman Catholic clergyman, Bishop of Port-Gentil in Gabon
- Japhet N'Doram (* 1966), football player and coach
- Misdongard Betoligar (* 1985), football player
- Hillaire Kedigui (* 1985), football player
- Leger Djime (* 1987), football player
- Abdullah Omar (* 1987), Bahraini football player
- Sitamadji Allarassem (* 1988), football player
- Ezekiel Ndouassel (* 1988), football player
- Armel Koulara (* 1989), soccer player
- Esaie Djikoloum (* 1991), football player
- Alain Vivien: N'Djamena (naguère Fort-Lamy). Histoire d'une capitale africaine . Sépia, Paris 2006, ISBN 2-84280-108-3 .
- http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-2260.html (Engl.)
- Map with borders of the arrondissements
- Map section with district boundaries
- World 101 largest Cities. Retrieved July 23, 2018 .
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