Region Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы
|Administrative headquarters :||Schymkent|
|Area :||117,249 km²|
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|Population density :||Error in expression: Unexpected operator < inhabitants per km²|
|Time zone :|
|Postal code :|
|Telephone code :||+7 (725)|
|License plate :|
|ISO 3166-2 :||KZ-KZ-YUZ|
|Äkim ( governor ) :||Shanseyit Tuimebayev|
|Location in Kazakhstan|
The region South Kazakhstan ( Kazakh Оңтүстік Қазақстан облысы Ongtüstik Qasaqstan oblyssy ; Russian Южно-Казахстанская область Yuzhno Kasachstanskaja oblast ) was associated with a population of about 2.84 million inhabitants, is the southernmost Oblys ( area ) of Kazakhstan . The capital was Shymkent . On June 19, 2018, Schymkent was spun off and raised to a city with special status. The remaining area was renamed after the new capital in Turkistan .
With an area of around 117,249 km², southern Kazakhstan was the second smallest of the 14 regions in Kazakhstan. However, it was the most populous and at the same time the most densely populated oblys.
The South Kazakhstan Oblast was formed in 1932 in the Kazakh SSR of the Soviet Union . From 1962 to 1992 it was called Chimkent, after the capital Oblast .
The population increased from 1.8 million in 1989 to 2.6 million in 2011. The province's population consists of almost 70% Kazakhs , while Uzbeks (17.5%) and Russians (6%) are significant minorities . Other groups, such as Azerbaijanis , Tajiks , Soviet Koreans , Tatars , Ukrainians or Russian- Germans together make up a little more than 6% of the population.
The capital and at the same time the largest city of the province was Schymkent with about 643,000 inhabitants, a university town and an important business location. Other larger cities in southern Kazakhstan were Türkistan , Lenger and Schetissai . In the south, southern Kazakhstan bordered directly on neighboring Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan . The Uzbek capital Tashkent was right on the border with southern Kazakhstan. The province also bordered three other provinces of Kazakhstan: Karagandy , Qysylorda, and Shambyl .
The Syr Darja flowed through the province on its way to the Aral Sea . An oil pipeline also ran through southern Kazakhstan from Türkmenabat ( Turkmenistan ) to Omsk in Russia , where it connected to a larger, Siberian pipeline. In Schymkent, oil , lead and zinc were refined. In South Kazakhstan is also some significant cultural sites and testimonies found ancient Islamic architecture , such as the as UNESCO World Heritage Site in force mausoleum of Hodja Ahmad Yasawi in the city of Turkestan.
|Ethnic group||VZ 1989||VZ 1999||VZ 2009|
The population of the South Kazakhstan area was around 2.84 million as of January 1, 2016, making it the first in Kazakhstan in terms of population. The population has grown steadily since the 1970s, reaching two million for the first time in the early 2000s. With a population density of 24.2 inhabitants per km², southern Kazakhstan was also by far the most densely populated area in Kazakhstan.
The area was divided into 11 districts (kazach. Ауданы / Audany ) and 4 independent cities. Other cities in the South Kazakhstan area were Lenger , Saryaghasch , Schardara and Schetissai .
|Audany||Area [km²]||Residents||Administrative headquarters|
|Residents as of 2016; Source (rus.)|
|District-free city||Area [km²]||Residents|
|Residents as of 2016; Source (rus.)|
List of governors ( Kazakh Әкім , Äkim ) of the South Kazakhstan region since 1992:
|No.||Surname||Term of office (beginning)||Term of office (end)|
|1||Mars Urkimbayev||1992||December 1993|
|2||Sauytbek Turysbekow||December 1993||December 1997|
|3||Qalyq Abdullaev||December 1997||July 1999|
|4th||Berdibek Saparbayev||July 1999||August 31, 2002|
|5||Bolat Shylqyshev||August 31, 2002||September 2006|
|6th||Ömirsaq Schökeev||September 2006||August 28, 2007|
|7th||Nurghali Aeschim||August 28, 2007||March 4, 2009|
|8th||Asqar Myrzachmetov||March 4, 2009||August 8, 2015|
|9||Beibit Atamqulow||August 8, 2015||October 7, 2016|
|10||Shanseyit Tuimebayev||October 7, 2016||19th June 2018|
The mausoleum of Hodja Ahmad Yasawi in Turkistan
- ↑ Численность населения Республики Казахстан по полу в разрезе областей и столицы, столицы, столицы, анколицы, столицы, городоав, областей и столицы, анкония, горойцы, коники, городоав,. ( Excel ; 96 KB) stat.gov.kz, accessed on July 19, 2020 (Russian).
- ↑ Публичное подписание Указа «О некоторых вопросах административно-территориальсаного услейстах 2018
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 1989 census (data for regions) , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 1999 census (data for regions) , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
- ↑ pop-stat.mashke.org: Ethnic composition: 2009 census , accessed June 24, 2017 (Russian).
Coordinates: 43 ° 0 ′ 0 ″ N , 68 ° 30 ′ 0 ″ E