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|Voivodeship :||Lower Silesia|
|Powiat :||Jelenia Gora|
|Geographic location :|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 75|
|License plate :||DJE|
|Economy and Transport|
|Next international airport :||Wroclaw|
Staniszów (German Stonsdorf ) is a village in the rural municipality Podgórzyn (Giersdorf) in the powiat Jeleniogórski in the Lower Silesian Voivodeship . It is located about nine kilometers south of Jelenia Góra (Deer Mountain in the Giant Mountains) .
Staniszów is located in the Hirschberg Valley at the foot of the Prudelberg (468 m, Witosza in Polish ), on which a 14 m high Bismarck tower stood until 1945 . Stangenberg (485 m, Góra Grodna ) is four kilometers to the southwest . Neighboring towns are Łomnica (Lomnitz) in the east, Mysłakowice (Zillerthal-Erdmannsdorf) and Sobieszów (Hermsdorf) in the southeast, Piechowice (Petersdorf) in the west and Cieplice Śląskie-Zdrój (Bad Warmbrunn) in the northwest.
Stonsdorf was first mentioned in a document at the beginning of the 14th century. It belonged to the Duchy of Schweidnitz-Jauer , with which it fell to Bohemia under inheritance law after the death of Duke Bolko II in 1368 , with Bolko's widow Agnes von Habsburg having a lifelong usufruct . The von Stange family had lived in the local castle since 1367 . The parish church above the main square is documented for the year 1388.
In 1726, Count von Schmettow acquired the palace from the Renaissance period, which he had expanded in baroque style. With the marriage of his daughter Henriette, the property fell to Heinrich XXXVIII after 1784. Count Reuss zu Köstritz from the Reuss Princely House . He bequeathed it to his nephew Heinrich LXIII. Reuss zu Köstritz , who received the title of prince in 1817; he had the three and a half hectare English landscape garden expanded with meadows, ponds and rocky areas and the artificial ruins of Heinrichsburg built on the Stangenberg. He was followed by Prince Heinrich XII. (1829–1866), this his son Heinrich XXVIII. and this until 1945 his son Heinrich XXXIV. (1887-1956). (His son Heinrich I, Prince Reuss-Köstritz , became the adoptive son of the last Hereditary Prince of the Younger Line, Heinrich XLV , in 1935 ).
After the First Silesian War , Stonsdorf and most of Silesia fell to Prussia . After the reorganization of the province of Silesia , the rural community of Stonsdorf belonged to the district of Hirschberg in the Giant Mountains from 1816 , with which it remained connected until 1945. In 1874 the Stonsdorf district was formed.
In addition to its scenic advantages, Stonsdorf became known far beyond the Genzenes of Silesia with the herbal liqueur Echt Stonsdorfer Bitter , which was produced from 1810. In 1868 production was relocated to the neighboring Kunersdorf. In 1933 Stonsdorf consisted of 1,321 inhabitants, in 1939 there were 1,354.
As a result of the Second World War, Stonsdorf fell to Poland together with most of Silesia in 1945 and was first renamed Łącznikowo and in 1948 Staniszów . The German population was expelled unless they had already fled .
- The Catholic branch church " Transfiguration of Christ " was first mentioned in 1388. It has a cross vault in the choir . There are three epitaphs from the 17th century on the facades . From 1845 to 1945 it served as a simultaneous church .
- The upper Stonsdorf Castle was originally a Renaissance manor house from the 16th century. In 1787 it was fundamentally rebuilt and in 1878 an east wing was added. A cartouche with the coat of arms of the Princely House of Reuss is located above the stone portal. A rich carved decor has been preserved in the interior. In the small garden parlor there are floral wall paintings from 1934. In 1816 the philanthropist Izabella Czartoryska visited the castle. After the expulsion and expropriation of the Reuss princes, the castle served as a rest home for children from 1947 and later as a training center for the fire brigade. In 2001 a Polish hotelier bought the vacant castle and converted it into a luxury hotel .
- The castle park is a member of the garden culture trail on both sides of the Neisse . This improves the possibilities of care ( park seminars ) and the prospects for funding and tourist development.
- Above the castle there is an orangery with a loft; erected in 1818.
- The extensive landscape park was created around 1800 by Prince Reuss. In the park on the Stangenberg (Góra Grodna) there is the Heinrichsburg, a hunting lodge built in 1842, which was built as an artificial ruin .
- The manor house of Nieder-Stonsdorf was built in 1787 and rebuilt around 1830. It also belonged to the Reuss family until it changed hands several times since the beginning of the 20th century. In the meantime it has been expanded as a hotel.
- Hugo Weczerka (Hrsg.): Handbook of the historical places . Volume: Silesia (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 316). Kröner, Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-520-31601-3 , p. 519.
- Dehio Handbook of Art Monuments in Poland. Silesia. Deutscher Kunstverlag, Munich et al. 2005, ISBN 3-422-03109-X , p. 862f.
- Arne Franke: The Silesian Elysium - castles, palaces, manor houses and parks in the Hirschberger Valley , Potsdam 2008, ISBN 978-3-936168-54-9
- Historical and current recordings as well as geographical location
- Staniszów and Izabella Czartoryska's visit - (Polish)
- Bismarck Tower Stonsdorf at bismarcktuerme.de
- Castle park on the homepage of the garden culture path on both sides of the Neisse