City of Ravensburg
|Height :||475 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||25.81 km²|
|Residents :||4292 (2009)|
|Population density :||166 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||February 1, 1972|
|Postal code :||88213|
|Primaries :||0751, 07546|
Taldorf is a village in the city of Ravensburg in Baden-Württemberg.
The village of Taldorf is the largest district of the city of Ravensburg in terms of area.
The village is located in the southwest of the urban area and is divided into four residential districts:
- Residential district Taldorf (645 inhabitants), consisting of the residential areas Alberskirch, Dürnast, Eggartskirch, Erbenweiler, Herrgottsfeld, Reute bei Taldorf, Sederlitz and Taldorf as well as Wernsreute
- Residential district Oberzell (2,122 inhabitants), consisting of the residential areas Albersfeld, Klöcken, Metzisweiler, Oberzell, Reute bei Oberzell and Vogler
- Residential district Bavendorf (821 inhabitants), consisting of the residential areas Bavendorf, Bonhausen, Ettmannsschmid, Hotterloch, Hütten, Oberweiler, Renauer, Riesen, Schaufel, Schuhmacher and Segner
- Residential district of Adelsreute (78 inhabitants), consisting of the district of Adelsreute
(Population of the residential districts as of December 31, 1996)
Taldorf was first mentioned in 752 as the center and court of a mark. The place had different owners, including the Counts of Veringen , the Counts of Montfort , later the Imperial Abbey of St. Georg in Isny and the Lords of Schmalegg . In 1384 the Isny Abbey sold its rights to the Ravensburg patrician Segelbach family, who were followed by a Ravensburger named Wegelin, whose heirs sold their property to the Weißenau monastery in 1435 . The Schmalegger property in Taldorf was initially transferred to the imperial city of Ravensburg and later also to the Weißenau monastery. In 1823 the layout of the municipality of Taldorf changed completely due to a municipality reform by the royal government for the Danube district : four hamlets were converted into the new municipality of Oberteuringen , the dissolved municipality of Eggenweiler became Oberzell and nine hamlets to districts of Taldorf. 1842 Taldorf was from Oberamt Tettnang to Oberamt Ravensburg reclassified (the precursor of the district Ravensburg). On February 1, 1972, the independent municipality of Taldorf was incorporated into the city of Ravensburg. The residential district of Taldorf is still characterized by agriculture today.
In 816, Ludwig the Pious allowed his serf priest Engilbert to hand over his goods in the middle Schussental to the Reichenau monastery . Since the Reichenau monastery in the Schussental only owned Oberzell , Engilbertus' goods must have been Oberzell. 1198 a cella is mentioned in the Salmer document book . The Truchsessen von Waldburg were enfeoffed with the rule of Oberzell from the Reichenau monastery . Oberzell later passed (partially in 1239 and completely in 1313) to the neighboring Weißenau monastery , in whose possession it remained until the secularization in 1803. In 1823 Oberzell was incorporated into Taldorf. Today Oberzell is characterized by housing estates and smaller businesses.
Bavendorf was the seat of a noble family of Guelph vassals, a member of which Heinrich von Bafindorf is named as a member in 1172. The monasteries Weingarten and Kreuzlingen and the merchant family Humpis later owned property in Bavendorf . Jos Humpis handed over his rights in Bavendorf to the Ravensburger Heilig-Geist-Spital in the early 16th century. Bavendorf is now a street village on Bundesstraße 33 , which is characterized by housing developments.
In the Adelsreuter Forest there are traces of settlement in the Hallstatt period . The place Adelsreute was first mentioned in 1134 as Adilsruti , when a Guntram von Adelsreute († 1238) gave his village Salmannsweiler to the Cistercian order , who founded the Salem Monastery there. Guntram himself entered the monastery, his goods in Adelsreute were henceforth run as own operations of the Salem monastery. With the secularization of 1803, the place with the Reichsabbey of Salem fell to Baden . The community then belonged to the Salem Office, from 1843 to the Meersburg District Office and in 1857 to the Überlingen District Office, from which the Überlingen district emerged in 1939 . Until Baden-Württemberg was founded in 1952, Adelsreute was an exclave from Baden within Württemberg. The exclave status at the district level lasted until 1969, because it was not until January 1, 1969 that the Adelsreute community was joined by the Überlingen district to the Ravensburg district. On October 1, 1974, the community was incorporated into the city of Ravensburg and assigned to the village of Taldorf. The suburb of Tepfenhart, which had always been part of the Adelsreute family estate, was added to the Horgenzell community two months later, on December 1, 1974 .
Under canon law, the formerly Baden territories of Adelsreute and Tepfenhart still form exclaves of the Archdiocese of Freiburg, which includes the formerly Baden and Hohenzollern areas. However, they are looked after by the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, which covers the area of Württemberg, in pastoral care.
As the "Taldorf residential district", the village represents 3 of the 32 Ravensburger municipal councils. These are chosen in " false sub-locations ".
The local council of Taldorf has 14 members (7 from the Oberzell residential district, 3 from the Bavendorf residential district, 3 from the Taldorf residential district and 1 from Adelsreute). A city official appointed by the municipal council in agreement with the local council acts as the mayor and chairman of the local council. The responsibilities of the local council result from the main statute of the city of Ravensburg.
The town hall with the local administration is located in Bavendorf. The Christian Democratic Union (CDU) and the Local Political Working Group Taldorf (KAT) are represented in the local council.
Schultheißen, Mayor and Mayor (since 1811)
- Mayor Joseph Lampart (1811–1831)
- Mayor Bonifaz Jehle, Bavendorf (1832–1848)
- Mayor Brugger, Herrgottsfeld (1848-1859)
- Schultheiß Heilig, Schuhmacherhof (1859–1872)
- Mayor Volkwein (father), Oberweiler (1872–1874)
- Mayor Bauknecht, Dürnast (1874–1887)
- Mayor Volkwein (son), Oberweiler (1887-1892)
- Administrator Segelbacher (1892-1894)
- Mayor Joseph Schnetz (1894–1927)
- Schultheiß, later Mayor Josef Strobel (1927–1967)
- Mayor, later Mayor Heribert Riedmüller (1967–1974)
- Mayor Kuno Ritter (1974–1995)
- Mayor Vinzenz Höss (since May 1995)
Honorary citizen of the community of Taldorf (incomplete)
- Gebhard Fugel (1863-1939)
- Josef Strobel (1901–1967)
Winner of the local medal of merit (incomplete)
- Anton Schmid (1914–1989)
- Erwin Müller (1922–1999)
- Kuno Ritter (1929-2002)
- Karl Waschle (Lord Mayor of the City of Ravensburg retired)
- Albert Volkwein
- Franz Wachter
coat of arms
The municipality of Taldorf had a coat of arms from 1967 to 1972, which was based on a representation of the presumed coat of arms of the Lords of Bavendorf in the Bavendorfer parish church. The double hook contained in the coat of arms indicates a possible relationship with the Lords of Schmalegg . Description of coat of arms : Divided by red, silver and black, a red double hook in silver on the front .
From 1903 to 1974 the municipality of Adelsreute had a coat of arms based on the coat of arms of Guntram von Adelsreute. Description: In red on a green ground, a striding silver ram .
Since the incorporation into Ravensburg, both coats of arms are no longer in official use, but are still used unofficially by the village.
The village of Taldorf has a partnership with Hittisau in Vorarlberg (Austria). The partnership emerged from the friendly connection between the soldiers' associations in both places.
There are four independent Roman Catholic parishes in Taldorf:
- Parish of St. Petrus, Taldorf
- Parish of St. Isidor, Eggartskirch
- Parish of St. Columban, Bavendorf
- Parish of St. Antonius of Padua, Oberzell
The pastoral care for the parish of Oberzell is taken over by the pastor of Weißenau , for Bavendorf, Eggartskirch and Taldorf the pastor of the Trinity parish in Ravensburg-Weststadt is responsible.
The Evangelical Church in Bavendorf was built in 1926 according to plans by the Stuttgart architect Wilhelm Hermann Jost . In 1963 she received an organ from the Richard Rensch organ building workshop in Lauffen am Neckar. It was initially a branch church of Wilder-Winterbach ; Bavendorf has been an independent parish since 1968. She is responsible for the entire village of Taldorf. The rectory, parish hall, kindergarten and church are located in Bavendorf. Some Protestant services are celebrated as guests of the Catholic parishes in the two Catholic churches in Oberzell and in the Riesenhof diaconal facility of the BruderhausDiakonie in Bavendorf. The congregation belongs to the deanery Ravensburg and has 935 congregation members (status: 2004).
All four Catholic parish churches and the chapels in Alberskirch and Wernsreute are surrounded by church cemeteries that are still in use today . The cemetery in the churchyard of the small chapel in Eschau is only used for the deceased of the families living in the three farmsteads of the hamlet, who also take care of the care and maintenance of the chapel and the cemetery. A Protestant cemetery is adjacent to the Protestant church in Bavendorf.
Economy and Infrastructure
The townscape of Taldorf with its many individual farms and living spaces is still characterized by agriculture. The special crops of the Lake Constance region dominate, including fruit growing (mainly apples), strawberries, hops and asparagus. Fruit, strawberries and asparagus as well as homemade juices and schnapps are often sold in farm shops. Wine made from the Müller-Thurgau grape variety is grown on a small local vineyard in Taldorf .
Most of the working residents do not work in agriculture, but commute to Ravensburg or other places in the middle of the Schussental.
Craft and service companies have settled in Oberzell in particular, including the Munzinger-Archiv publishing house . The village of Taldorf is also the seat of the Raiffeisenbank Taldorf and a branch of the Kreissparkasse Ravensburg (in Oberzell).
The Erlen industrial park has been under construction north-west of Bavendorf on Bundesstrasse 33 to Ravensburg since 2010. In 2011 the “Center for Optical Control and Logistics” of Vetter Pharma was opened as the first company .
The federal highway 33 (Ravensburg - Meersburg ) runs through Bavendorf . In Oberzell there is a stop on the southern railway line (Ulm - Friedrichshafen), which is served by the Bodensee-Oberschwaben-Bahn . Public buses connect the districts with each other and with the Ravensburg city center.
- Kindergartens in Oberzell, Bavendorf and Taldorf
- Primary school Oberzell (with branch in Taldorf)
Culture and sights
- Adelsreute: Chapel (branch church of Taldorf), Gothic chapel from 1522, modified in Baroque style in 1791, with Gothic Pietà
- Alberskirch: Chapel (mentioned as parish church in 1353, branch church of Taldorf since 1744), Gothic building, with Pietà from the 1420s and three baroque altars from 1680
- Bavendorf: Parish Church of St. Columban (nave built in 1737 as an extension of a Gothic chapel, tower extensions in 1842 and 1885, nave extension in 1863), with late Gothic sculpture Madonna and Child
- Bavendorf: Evangelical Church from 1926
- Eggartskirch: Parish church of St. Isidor , first mentioned in 1275, consecrated again in 1746, with a monstrance from around 1700, a cross and Madonna from around 1750 and altars from 1869 and 1873
- Eschau: Chapel , mentioned as early as 1191 as the parish church of St. Gallus
- Oberzell: Parish church of Our Lady of Sorrows in Oberzell, built in 1749/1750 by the Weißenau monastery, with baptismal font from 1630, ceiling frescoes by Joseph Anton Hafner and a baroque sculpture of the Queen of Heaven with child , renovated until 1991
- Oberzell: Parish church St. Antonius von Padua in Oberzell from 1975, with glass windows by Diether Domes , furnishings by Josef Henger , a late Gothic Madonna (around 1480, attributed to Jakob Russ ), a crucifixion painting (1614) by David Mieser , one probably also by Mieser created Entombment and the painting Maria with the Child (1897) by Gebhard Fugel
- Taldorf: Parish church St. Petrus , Gothic building from 1486, probably on Romanesque origins, extended in the middle of the 18th century and redesigned in Baroque style (altar consecration 1753), expanded in 1870, renovated in 1986 (with uncovering of the painting from 1871 that was whitewashed in the 1960s)
- Wernsreute: Chapel (mentioned as parish church in 1263, branch church of Taldorf since 1744), with Gothic choir probably from the 13th century and Gothic tabernacle
- Dürnast: Landvogtei Dürnast , half-timbered building from 1470 to 1474, destroyed by fire in 2002. In the modern, historicizing successor building - as in the original building continuously since 1504 - a restaurant has been operated.
- Eggartskirch: Rectory and parish barn in Eggartskirch from 1838 to 1842
- Taldorf: Rectory in Taldorf from 1744 to 1745, built by the Weißenau monastery, with baroque stucco ceilings
The listed steel bridge over the Schussen near Oberzell was replaced by a new building in 2008, the old bridge was dismantled and stored.
Since 1965 the children's and homeland festival has been celebrated every two years . The highlight is a pageant in Oberzell.
The Swabian-Alemannic Fasnet has been celebrated in the village of Taldorf since the 1990s , the driving force of which is the Oberzell fools 'guild , founded in 1998 from the Gillenbach witches , and the Bavendorf fools' association founded in 1992 . The Bavendorfer fool's figure is called Bavi-Hex, in Oberzell there are, in addition to the Gillenbach witches, the figures Hotterlochweible, Hagmacher and the three individual figures Graf vom Gillenbach (taken from the local carnival celebrated 1953–1972), Büttel and Bauer.
In the village of Taldorf there are around 50 clubs and groups that play a major role in local life. Club events take place in the sports and multi-purpose hall Schussentalhalle in Oberzell.
In addition to church groups, the following also contribute to club life: the sports clubs SV Oberzell and Oberzell tennis club, music clubs in Oberzell, Bavendorf and Taldorf, a choir community, the fools' guilds, the Oberzell fanfare group, the Bavendorf VCP, the rural youth, the rural women, the volunteer fire brigade and the Blood rider groups Bavendorf and Taldorf who take part in the annual Holy Blood procession in Weingarten .
- Franz Bayer (1884–1967), painter and restorer, lived in Oberklöcken near Oberzell
- Engilbert (9th century), priest, monk and founder of Oberzell
- Gebhard Fugel (1863–1939), painter, born on the Oberklöcken farm near Oberzell
- Moritz Johner (1868–1931), theologian and historian, 1924–1931 pastor of Bavendorf
- Willi Papert (1924–1980), arranger, conductor, composer and musician, lived in Oberzell
- Wolfgang Schuhenn (1926–2018), painter
- Chronicle of the Ravensburg district. Landscape, history, customs, art . Chroniken-Verlag Boxberg, Hinterzarten 1975
- Georg Schöller: Sounds and inflection of the dialect of Bavendorf (Ravensburg district) and the surrounding area . Diss., University of Tübingen 1939
- Georg Spohn (Ed.): 800 years of St. Petrus-Taldorf. Festival and homeland book . Catholic Parish Office St. Petrus, Ravensburg 1991
- Catholic parish Oberzell (Hrsg.): Churches in Oberzell. Festschrift for the church anniversaries in 2000: 1750-2000 Our Lady of Sorrows, 1975-2000 Antonius von Padua . Catholic parish Oberzell, Ravensburg 2000
- Günther Bradler: Studies on the history of ministeriality in the Allgäu and in Upper Swabia. Göppingen 1973. pp. 258f.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 531 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 547 .
- detail. Zeitschrift für Architektur + , , vol. 40 (2000), p. 1151.
- Bavendorf, Evang. Church: Instrument information , accessed September 22, 2016.
- Rolf-Dieter Blumer, Markus Numberger: From the history of use of the Schussen Bridge near Ravensburg-Oberzell. Implemented twice and “yet” a monument? In: Denkmalpflege in Baden-Württemberg , Volume 37, 2008, Issue 4, pp. 199–203 ( PDF ( Memento of November 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive ))