Thomas Wüppesahl

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Thomas Wüppesahl (2012)

Thomas Wüppesahl (born July 9, 1955 in Hamburg ) is a dismissed German detective and former politician ( Die Grünen until 1987 ). He was a member of the Bundestag from 1987 to 1990 . In 2005 he was sentenced to four and a half years imprisonment for preparing for and attempting to participate in a robbery and for violating the weapons law .

education and profession

Wüppesahl joined the Hamburg police in October 1971 at the age of 16 . After completing his training as a middle-class law enforcement officer in 1974 , he also completed the one-year detective trainee course in 1977 .

In 1985 Wüppesahl was admitted to study at the University of Applied Sciences for Public Administration in the Police Department FHÖV / P (study group 10/85/1). The college students elected him for the academic year 1986/87 as student representative of the department. In 1987 Wüppesahl was elected to the Bundestag. For this purpose he was given leave of absence as a police officer and had to interrupt his college studies after the third semester. The degree to graduate in business administration (FH) he acquired in November 1994. After the successful visit of further training, he was economic criminalist in Landeskriminalamt Hamburg . He also became steward of the police union .

From 1987 to 1990 Wüppesahl was a member of the German Bundestag . After the illegal police operation at a demonstration against nuclear energy, which became known as the Hamburger Kessel , Wüppesahl founded the Federal Working Group of Critical Policemen in Hamburg in 1987, together with other police officers . Wüppesahl has been the association's spokesman since 1998.

Trials and Convictions

At the end of 1999, Wüppesahl was suspended for around a year from the OK department for vehicle stealing and fraudulent traffic accidents of the LKA Hamburg on suspicion of file theft and breach of custody , and acquitted in September 2000 by the Hamburg-Altona district court.

On May 10, 2004, Wüppesahl was sentenced to a seven-month prison term by the Hamburg Regional Court for coercion, assault and persecution of innocent people. The Hanseatic Higher Regional Court in Hamburg overturned the judgment on December 20, 2004 and referred the matter back to another small criminal chamber of the Hamburg Regional Court for a new hearing and decision - including the costs of the appeal.

On October 25, 2004, Wüppesahl was arrested on suspicion of preparing a criminal offense . The informant and main witness of the prosecution was a former police officer and colleague Wüppesahl, who was also a member of the Critical Police . Wüppesahl procured a disused pistol from police stocks and a butcher's cleaver. This was supposed to be used to carry out an attack on a money transport. The money messenger was supposed to be shot and then his hand chopped off to get to the money case. The arrest took place at the handover of the ax in the apartment of the former police officer.

The process was opened on March 4, 2005. The main witness testified that Wüppesahl wanted to win him over to the attack in September 2004. Wüppesahl stated that he had only conceived the planning as an "impracticable mental game". He only took part in the preparation to expose his former colleague as a police spy and to prove that the Hamburg judiciary was spying on and taking revenge because of his uncomfortable activities. Choice defender was Uwe Maeffert . The Hamburg Regional Court sentenced Wüppesahl to four and a half years imprisonment on July 7, 2005 for preparing and attempting to participate in a robbery and violating the Weapons Act . After the rejected appeal , the judgment became final . He was then released from the police force .

Wüppesahl was placed in various prisons, initially for about 17 months in the Hamburg remand prison , then in the Billwerder prison in Hamburg. A few days later, on December 6, 2006, Wüppesahl was transferred to the Tegel correctional facility in Berlin after being threatened by fellow inmates . On May 8, 2007 he was transferred to the Düppel correctional facility and open prison . On October 22, 2007, after serving two-thirds of the prison sentence, he was released and picked up by his lawyer Burkhardt Müller-Sönksen . On December 27, 2006, Wüppesahl filed a lawsuit against his conviction at the European Court of Human Rights . The application was rejected as inadmissible in December 2010.

Political party

Thomas Wüppesahl's passport of the Republic of Free Wendland , 1980
Wüppesahl in the JVA Düppel , May 2007
Wüppesahl on Stuttgart21, September 2012

In 1978 Wüppesahl became a member of a green group, later the Green Alternative List , in Hamburg . For the local elections in 1982 he founded two green voter communities for the council assembly in Geesthacht and the district council of the Duchy of Lauenburg .

In 1986 he was elected to the Presidium of the State Main Committee of the Green State Association in Schleswig-Holstein . From 1986 to 1987 he organized a campaign against grievances in the Johanniter Hospital Geesthacht ; the criminal charges against him confirmed the grievances. On May 31, 1987, he resigned from the party because of internal disputes.

Wüppesahl is particularly one of the critics of the change in the program of Bündnis90 / Die Grünen.

Commitment to nuclear energy

From 1975 Wüppesahl became involved in the association "Citizens' Initiative Environmental Protection Oberelbe" in conjunction with the "Association for the Promotion of Legal Steps against the Krümmel Nuclear Power Plant" against the Krümmel nuclear power plant . Together with the physician Jens Mulzer, Wüppesahl sued, among other things, against the Ministry of Social Affairs in Kiel , which exercised the nuclear supervision in Schleswig-Holstein, against the Hamburgische Electricitäts-Werke and PreussenElektra against the construction and commissioning and in particular against 14 of 16 partial construction permit notices.

The actual objectives of the process could not be achieved before the Federal Administrative Court , but the rulings of the court made it necessary for the operator to upgrade to ensure safety.


From 1982 to 1986 Wüppesahl was a member of the council of Geesthacht, Schleswig-Holstein, and the district council of the Duchy of Lauenburg in Ratzeburg. In the district council he was parliamentary group chairman for two years. As councilor of Geesthacht he sued the administrative court of Schleswig against the rules of procedure of the council meeting and was right on two of three counts: the limitation to a maximum of two applications and two questions per meeting and the limitation of the written motivation to a maximum of one DIN-A-4- Side impaired the rights and duties of a local parliamentarian and are therefore unlawful; on the other hand, a speaking time limit is legitimate, according to the Schleswig judges in 1985.

After the federal election in 1987 , he entered the German Bundestag via the state list of the Greens of Schleswig-Holstein. After resigning from the party in May 1987, he was expelled from the Greens parliamentary group on January 26, 1988 . As a result, in addition to his role as domestic political spokesman for the group, he also lost his seats in the committees . As a non-attached MP , Wüppesahl also wanted to have the right to initiate legislation, the legal right to a committee seat, simple motions and small written inquiries . He also did not want to lose the legal right to an appropriate right to speak in the plenary session of the Bundestag. Last but not least, he claimed a subsidy from the budget in order to equate it with the members of the Bundestag parliamentary groups in order to be able to acquire additional work (reports, expert invitations, legal advice, etc.) - like other members of the Bundestag . His motions in this regard were rejected in the plenary session of the German Bundestag. When he requested a debate on these points in the Bundestag and requested corresponding changes to the rules of procedure of the German Bundestag , he was denied speaking time by parliament .

Therefore, Wüppesahl led an organ dispute before the Federal Constitutional Court , in which the defendants were both the German Bundestag and the President of the Bundestag and the green parliamentary group. The Federal Constitutional Court ruled that the refusal of membership in a committee with the right to speak and propose to vote (but without the right to vote ) as well as the complete exclusion of influencing the legislative process violated the right of the Member of Article 38.1 sentence 2 of the Basic Law. Since this decision, individual MPs also have the right to amend amendments in the second reading. He was also given an appropriate right to speak in plenary. All other requests from Wüppesahl were rejected with reference to the lack of formal requirements (6-month deadline). The Wüppesahl ruling has also been used as a fundamental decision in the discussions since 2011 in the German Bundestag and in the Berlin House of Representatives about the restrictions on the right to speak for deviants .

Wüppesahl was a member of the German Bundestag until the end of the 11th electoral term in 1990 . With 113 speeches in the 11th electoral term, he is one of the most active members of parliament in the history of the Bundestag. Bundestag printed matter and plenary minutes make his “presence and participation evident”. In February 1990 Wüppesahl in the Bundestag criticized the methodology of German reunification "with the complete elimination of any influence of the people in the GDR on the course of this process." The magazine Titanic praised Wüppesahl in 1991 as "the last parliamentarian". Invited to the ceremony of the 60th anniversary of the Bundestag in September 2009, Wüppesahl was presented in the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung as the member who "had made extensive use of the right of a non-attached member to speak on every item on the agenda of a Bundestag session."

Not admitted mayoral candidacy

Wüppesahl was unable to run in the mayoral elections of his hometown Geesthacht in December 2009 because someone who had been sentenced to a prison term of at least one year for a crime loses the ability to hold public office and rights from public elections for a period of five years to obtain ( § 45 StGB). His request for clemency was rejected by the Hamburg Justice Office.

Investigation against Imtech Germany

The Dutch daily De Telegraaf identified Thomas Wüppesahl as the criminalist officially known as "Mr. Y", who was commissioned in 2011 to investigate allegations of corruption within Imtech Germany in connection with the construction of the Deutsche Bank high-rise in Frankfurt. He warned of "Mafia structures" in the company and incriminated the manager Klaus Betz. Imtech initially saw no reason to draw conclusions from the investigation and issued a ban on the investigator. When the extent of the corruption became known in spring 2013, the company's stock market value plummeted by one billion euros. The bankruptcy followed in 2015.

further activities

Wüppesahl trained as a mediator and systemic coach with additional specialist training in business mediation . He worked as a business and political advisor and private investigator with a focus on white-collar crime .

Web links

Commons : Thomas Wüppesahl  - Collection of Images

Individual evidence

  1. Thomas Wüppesahl: 1. Process declaration of May 23, 2005, Chapter III. Accessed August 26, 2013.
  2. Wording of the decision of the Hamburg Higher Regional Court of December 20, 2004 to repeal the district court judgment of May 27, 2004 ( online )
  3. a b Wüppesahl case before the euro court. In: Die Tageszeitung , January 29, 2007 ( online )
  4. ^ Robbery and murder verdict: Wüppesahl has to be imprisoned for four and a half years. In: Spiegel Online . July 7, 2005, accessed May 15, 2020 .
  5. Kai Portmann: A robbery against social grievances. In: Stern , July 8, 2005 ( online )
  6. Short way to freedom. In: Tagesspiegel , June 30, 2007 ( online )
  7. Liberal Probation Officer In: Die Welt , October 24, 2007 ( online )
  8. Thomas Wüppesahl: The human rights complaint at the European Court of Justice
  9. ^ Acquittal for Johanniter prosecutor Thomas Wüppesahl. In: taz Hamburg , May 25, 1988 ( online ; PDF; 76 kB)
  10. a b Lars Sobiraj: Green noise instead of green values? Interview with Thomas Wüppesahl. In:, November 8, 2012 ( online ( memento from January 24, 2013 in the web archive ))
  11. Lars Sobiraj: Past, Present and Possible Future of the Greens. Interview with Thomas Wüppesahl. In:, February 11, 2011 ( online ( memento from January 25, 2013 in the web archive ))
  12. Holger Marohn: The fight against the atomic pile. In: Lübecker Nachrichten , July 22, 2018
  13. Jürgen Schröder: Krümmel nuclear power plant. Materials for analyzing opposition. As of May 29, 2011 ( online )
  14. ^ Holdings S environmental protection: Collection environmental protection Wilhelm Knobloch. No. 247. AKW Krümmel (KKK) and Society for Nuclear Energy Utilization in Shipbuilding and Shipping Geesthacht (GKSS). General State Archives Karlsruhe ( online )
  15. Kieler Nachrichten of February 11, 1985
  16. Green councilor defends himself against "muzzle". In: Süddeutsche Zeitung , September 14, 1984 ( online ; PDF; 152 kB)
  17. Administrative Court Schleswig, judgment of February 8, 1985, 6 A 459/84 ( online ; PDF; 665 kB)
  18. BVerfG judgment of June 13, 1989, Az. 2 BvE 1/88, BVerfGE 80, 188 - Wüppesahl judgment.
  19. Praise the deviator. In: Der Tagesspiegel , October 1, 2011 ( online )
  20. ^ Organ dispute proceedings before the Constitutional Court of the State of Berlin ( online )
  21. Peter Schindler: Data Handbook on the History of the German Bundestag 1949 to 1999. Volume II, 1999, ISBN 978-3-7890-5928-5 , page 1677
  22. Eike Michael Frenzel: Approaches to constitutional law: a study book. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2009; ISBN 9783161501579 ; Page 40
  23. ^ Ralf Altenhof: The Enquete Commissions of the German Bundestag. Wiesbaden: Westdeutscher Verlag, 2002; ISBN 3531138588 .
  24. Dieter Herberg, Doris Steffens, Elke Tellenbach: Keywords of the turning point: Words book on public language use 1989/1990. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter, 1997; ISBN 978-3110153989 ; Page 436
  25. ^ Christian Schmidt: The last parliamentarian. In: Titanic , No. 1, 1991 ( online ; PDF; 1.9 MB)
  26. ^ Günter Bannas: 60 years of the Bundestag. Dönekes and all kinds of interpretations. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , September 7, 2009
  27. Greens on the candidacy: "Wüppesahl is just a free rider". In: Bergedorfer Zeitung , September 22, 2009 ( online )
  28. Wüppesahl wants to become mayor of Geesthacht. In: Schleswig-Holsteinischer Zeitungsverlag online, September 24, 2009
  29. Wüppesahl is not allowed to become mayor. In: Bergedorfer Zeitung, October 26, 2009 ( online )
  30. ^ Enlightenment delayed. Robbed by their own management. In: Handelsblatt , June 27, 2013 ( online )
  31. Detective tipte fraude Imtech al in mei 2011. In: Telegraaf , June 27, 2013 ( online )
  32. ^ Mediator and coach Thomas Wüppesahl
  33. Detective tipte fraude Imtech al in mei 2011. In: Telegraaf , June 27, 2013 ( online )