|Development phase:||Late 70s|
|Place of origin:||United Kingdom , Australia|
|Punk , art punk , political punk|
|Crass , poison girls|
|Instruments typical of the genre|
|Vocals , electric guitar , electric bass , drums|
|Crustcore , Digital Hardcore , Folk-Punk , Grindcore , Street Punk , D-Beat|
The anarcho-punk texts are radically anarchist and deal with criticism of the prevailing conditions, statements against racism , fascism , neo-Nazism and, in addition to calls for an autonomous way of life, feminism and animal rights .
The British group Crass , which also supported the scene with its label Crass Records , is considered the founder of the style . Some anarcho-punk bands such as The Blaggers or Oi Polloi were or are close to the Red and Anarchist skinheads or had skinheads as members.
Musically, anarcho-punk developed from '77 punk-rock or art-punk , bands like Crass developed from pure punk-rock bands with political aspirations to experimental post-punk , other bands like Conflict founded the hardcore Punk , in which its own anarchist sub-genres such as D-Beat (e.g. Discharge , The Varukers ) and Crustcore (e.g. Amebix , Antisect , Sacrilege ) emerged. Grindcore emerged in the 80s. a. Napalm Death and Extreme Noise Terror belong. Some bands like Chumbawamba developed towards folk punk , while still others like Leftöver Crack turned towards ska punk .
In the US, US anarcho-punk was founded by hardcore groups such as MDC and Reagan Youth , in Canada by DOA or Subhumans. In Germany, anarcho-punk also prevailed in the early 1980s in the form of groups such as Bluttat , Dark Days, Targets or Ätztussis and is usually interwoven with the autonomous scene . Mostly German-speaking anarcho-punk bands but rather under political German punk or political punk classified.
Media and associations
Media of the anarcho-punk scene include fanzines and distributors such as Profane Existence. There are also some associations or political organizations, such as small groups like CrimethInc. in the USA and North America as well as in France the Anarcho-Punk-Federation (APF) . Internationally, there is close cohesion and exchange among the groups and individuals involved, who are often also politically active.
- Ian Glasper: the day the Country Died-A history of Anarcho-Punk , Cherry Red Books (October 17, 2006), ISBN 978-1-901447-70-5 .
- Ian Glasper: Burning Britain: The History of UK Punk 1980-1984 , Cherry Red Books, ISBN 978-1-901447-24-8 .
- Craig O'Hara: The Philosophy of Punk. The history of a cultural revolt , Ventil (October 2001), ISBN 3-930559-72-2 .
- Anarcho-Punk Archives
- A critical look at anarcho-punk
- Anarcho-Punk Federation (APF) (French)
- Anarcho-punk left
- Anarcho-Punk Top 10
- Simon Reynolds: Generation Ecstasy , 2013, p. 368 at Google Books
- Felix Von Havoc: Rise of Crust . Profane existence. January 1, 1984. Archived from the original on April 17, 2012. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
- Crispin Sartwell: Political Aesthetics . Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY / London 2010, pp. 110 ( google.com [accessed September 6, 2014]).
- Crispin Sartwell: Political Aesthetics . Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY / London 2010, pp. 108 ( google.com [accessed September 6, 2014]).
- Crispin Sartwell: Political Aesthetics . Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY / London 2010, pp. 107 ( google.com [accessed September 6, 2014]).