Nymburk – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb railway line

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Nymburk hl.n. – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb
Course book series (SŽDC) : 072, 073, 231
Route length: 160.906 km
Gauge : 1435 mm ( standard gauge )
Route class : D4
Power system : 3 kV  =
Top speed: 120 km / h
Dual track : Nymburk hl.n. – Děčín východ dolní n.
Route - straight ahead
from (Vienna–) Znojmo (Vienna km 0)
Station, station
322.663 Nymburk St. n.
to Mladá Boleslav (formerly ÖNWB )
Connecting curve to Nymburk město (formerly StEG )
Plan-free intersection - below
Veleliby – Nymburk město (formerly StEG )
Stop, stop
~ 325.9 Kamenné Zboží
Station, station
328,850 Kostomlaty nad Labem
Stop, stop
~ 332.8 Stratov
Stop, stop
~ 333.8 Ostrá
from Milovice
Station, station
337,602 Lysá nad Labem
to Praha-Těšnov (formerly ÖNWB )
Stop, stop
~ 340.5 Lysá nad Labem-Dvorce
Iser Bridge
Stop, stop
~ 344.5 Otradovice
Station, station
348,445 Stará Boleslav formerly Old Boleslav
Stop, stop
353.967 Dřísy
Stop, stop
~ 355.9 Ovčáry
Plan-free intersection - above
Prague – Turnov
from Praha hl.n. (formerly TKPE )
Station, station
360.997 Všetaty ( island train station )
to Turnov (formerly TKPE )
Stop, stop
~ 368.5 Malý Újezd
H from Mladá Boleslav (formerly LB Melnik – Mscheno )
Station, station
371.715 Mělník
Stop, stop
~ 374.8 Mělník-Mlazice
377,949 former Protectorate border (1938–1945)
Station, station
379.883 Liběchov formerly Liboch
Station, station
385.712 Štětí formerly Wegstädtl
SEPAP connecting railway (Štětí paper mill)
Station, station
392.172 Hoštka formerly Gastorf
Station, station
397.986 Polepy formerly Polep
Stop, stop
~ 402.2 Křešice u Litoměřic formerly Kreschitz
Station without passenger traffic
406,532 Litoměřice dolní n. Formerly Leitmeritz unt Bf
Stop, stop
~ 407.8 Litoměřice město formerly Litoměřice town
- City tunnel Leitmeritz (350 m; abandoned)
Plan-free intersection - below
Česká Lípa – Lovosice (formerly ATE )
Connecting track from Žalhostice
Station, station
412,470 Velké Žernoseky formerly Groß Tschernosek
Stop, stop
~ 418.2 Libochovany formerly Libochowan
A / D: transfer point, CH: lane change
419.842 vyh. Kamenolom
Station, station
422.532 Sebuzín formerly Sebusein
Sebuzín zastávka
426,498 Brná nad Labem formerly Birnai
428.270 Ústí nad Labem-Střekov lázne Aussig-Horror Stone Bath
Station, station
431.113 Ústí nad Labem -Střekov formerly the Aussig horror stone
to Ústí nad Labem západ (formerly ÖNWB )
Stop, stop
~ 435.4 Svádov earlier swaths
Stop, stop
~ 437.5 Valtířov formerly whale deer
Station, station
439.644 Velké Březno formerly Großpriesen
to Verneřice (formerly LGWA )
Stop, stop
~ 441.4 Malé Březno nad Labem used to be Kleinpriesen
Přerov nad Labem formerly Pschüra
Stop, stop
~ 445.8 Těchlovice formerly Tichlowitz
447,477 Jakuby formerly Jakuben
Tunnel - if there are several tunnels in a row
Jakubsky Tunnel (Jungfernsprung tunnel; 87 m)
Station, station
449.108 Boletice nad Labem formerly Politz
Stop, stop
~ 452.8 Křešice u Děčína formerly Krischwitz
Křešice u Děčína přívoz formerly Krischwitz Centrowerk
Stop, stop
~ 454.1 Děčín -Staré Město formerly Old Town (b Tetschen)
Plan-free intersection - above
Jedlová – Děčín hl.n.
Connection railway to Děčín východ horní n.
Station without passenger traffic
456.872 Děčín východ dolní n. Earlier Tetschen Nordwestbf.
Elbhafen Loubí connection railway (formerly Laube siding )
Děčínsky tunnel ( square mountain tunnel ; 395 m)
Plan-free intersection - above
Port tracks (Elbe port Loubí)
Elbe bridge
~ 458.9 from Děčín hl. n. (formerly K. Sächs. Sts. EB )
Station, station
459.206 Děčín- Prostřední Žleb formerly middle distance
Route - straight ahead
to Dresden-Neustadt (formerly K. Sächs. Sts. EB )

The Nymburk – Děčín (also: Elbetalbahn ) railway is a double-track, electrified main line ("celostátní dráha") in the Czech Republic , which was originally built and operated by the kk priv. Österreichische Nordwestbahn as part of its supplementary network. It runs in the Elbe valley from Nymburk (Nimburg) via Lysá nad Labem (Lissa / Elbe) , Mělník , Litoměřice (Leitmeritz) and Ústí nad Labem-Střekov (Aussig-Schreckenstein) to Děčín (Tetschen) .


Even during the time of the monarchy, the route was the shortest connection between Vienna and Central Germany. Today, the route mainly takes on transit goods traffic between Scandinavia and Southeast Europe. In contrast, travel is of minor importance.


Prehistory and construction

Route network of ÖNWB (black) and SNDVB (red)

Various German business circles were planning a direct connection from Berlin to Vienna via Reichenberg at the end of the 1860s . Austria also wanted a short connection from Vienna to the ports of the Baltic Sea and North Sea , which should also open up Central Bohemia (coal mines and sugar factories). At that time, this was possible with several waybills from different railway companies, whereby one wanted to be independent of the StEG .

As early as 1865, the South-North German Connection Railway (SNDVB) carried out various preparatory work for this project, but had several competitors, especially the StEG. In 1867 the SNDVB merged with a few other applicants and on September 8, 1868 received the concession to build and operate the Vienna – Jungbunzlau route and several wing runways.

On July 26th, 1870 the kk priv. Oesterreichische Nordwestbahn (ÖNWB) was founded to create a second north-south connection in Bohemia. In 1874, the Vienna – Mittelgrund line, the main line of the Austrian Northwest Railway, was completed. There were also branch lines to Jungbunzlau , Aussig and Prague . At the northern end of the line, the ÖNWB built its own Elbe port in 1880, which was connected with a tugboat .

Opening dates

After nationalization

After the nationalization of the ÖNWB, the line was transferred to the kk Österreichische Staatsbahnen kkStB on January 1, 1908 . After the First World War, the newly founded Czechoslovak State Railways ČSD took their place .

After the Sudetenland was annexed to Germany in autumn 1938, the line between Liboch and Mittelgrund came to the Deutsche Reichsbahn , Reichsbahndirektion Dresden . The connection was now contained in the Reich curriculum as KBS 162g Tetschen – Liboch – Lissa. Thus the line was in fact graduated to a branch line. End-to-end express trains no longer ran.

After the Second World War

After the end of the Second World War , the route was completely returned to the ČSD. Because of the changed traffic flows - the connection to Dresden initially no longer played a major traffic role - all passenger trains to Děčín hl.n. (formerly Bodenbach) tied through. The old north-west station has only been used for freight traffic since then.

In the 1950s, the line was expanded to two tracks and electrified as part of the main Czechoslovak traffic axis Košice - Chomutov . The only exception was the short section between Děčín východ and Děčín-Prostřední Žleb, where electrification did not take place until 1987.

The following table shows the opening dates of the electric train operation:

opening route
September 29, 1958 Kolín – Nymburk St. n.
December 29, 1958 Nymburk St. n. – Ústí nad Labem-Střekov
November 30, 1962 Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Velké Březno
4th February 1963 Velké Březno – Děčín východ
December 30, 1987 Děčín východ – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb

In a conception by the Czech government for rail freight transport that will run until 2030, a fundamental modernization and renewal of the line is planned for the years 2018 to 2025. In this context, the contact line voltage is also to be converted to alternating current of 25 kV 50 Hz. In the second half of 2020, the construction of the contact line system between Ústí nad Labem-Střekov and Velké Březno, built in 1961, is planned for a budget of 130 million crowns. In addition to a total of 16 kilometers of contact wire, 276 contact line masts and 950 insulators will be replaced.

Train traffic

Ústí nL-Střekov railway station
Elbe bridge in Děčín

(Status: 01/2008) In the first few decades there were two pairs of non-stop express trains between Vienna and Tetschen, which continued to run even after Czechoslovakia was founded in 1918. The 1918 timetable also indicated three pairs of passenger trains. There were no through trains to Dresden before the Second World War. In Tetschen always had to take the Tetschen – Dresden trains of the Kgl. Saxon State Railways (or later the Deutsche Reichsbahn ).

Until the beginning of the 1990s, international long-distance trains, such as the night train “Saxonia” between Dresden and Balatonfüred, still ran on the route . The last higher quality train pair was an express train between Děčín and Jihlava, which was discontinued in 2007.

Today the connection can be found in three different course book tables:

  • KBS 231: Prague – Lysá nad Labem – Kolín
  • KBS 072: Lysá nad Labem – Ústí nad Labem západ
  • KBS 073: Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Děčín

The Kolín – Ústí nad Labem západ route is served by an express train service that runs every two hours. There is no longer any long-distance traffic between Ústí nad Labem-Střekov and Děčín.

Passenger trains run today on the routes Kolín – Lysá nad Labem – Praha, Lysá nad Labem – Ústí nad Labem západ and Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Děčín. Here, too, there is a two-hour clock schedule, which is condensed into hourly intervals on weekdays.

See also


  • Zdeněk Hudec et al: Atlas drah České republiky 2006–2007 . 2nd Edition. Pavel Malkus Publishing House, Prague 2006, ISBN 80-87047-00-1 .
  • Peter Wegenstein: The Northwest Railway Line . Verlag Peter Pospischil, Vienna 1995 ( train in Fig. 91).
  • Alfred Horn: The Austrian Northwest Railway . Bohmann Verlag, Vienna 1967.

Web links

Commons : Nymburk – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb railway line  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ German course book - annual timetable 1944/45
  2. http://www.mdcr.cz/getattachment/Media/Media-a-tiskove-zpravy/Koncepce-nakladni-dopravy-pro-obdobi-2017-%E2%80%93-2023-r/Koncepce-nakladni- dopravy.pdf.aspx
  3. “Trať z Ústí nad Labem-Střekova do Velkého Března dostane nové troleje” on zdopravy.cz
  4. Timetable 1918 of the CSD ( Memento from January 21, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )