Nymburk – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb railway line
|Nymburk hl.n. – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb|
|Course book series (SŽDC) :||072, 073, 231|
|Route length:||160.906 km|
|Gauge :||1435 mm ( standard gauge )|
|Route class :||D4|
|Power system :||3 kV =|
|Top speed:||120 km / h|
|Dual track :||Nymburk hl.n. – Děčín východ dolní n.|
The Nymburk – Děčín (also: Elbetalbahn ) railway is a double-track, electrified main line ("celostátní dráha") in the Czech Republic , which was originally built and operated by the kk priv. Österreichische Nordwestbahn as part of its supplementary network. It runs in the Elbe valley from Nymburk (Nimburg) via Lysá nad Labem (Lissa / Elbe) , Mělník , Litoměřice (Leitmeritz) and Ústí nad Labem-Střekov (Aussig-Schreckenstein) to Děčín (Tetschen) .
Even during the time of the monarchy, the route was the shortest connection between Vienna and Central Germany. Today, the route mainly takes on transit goods traffic between Scandinavia and Southeast Europe. In contrast, travel is of minor importance.
Prehistory and construction
Various German business circles were planning a direct connection from Berlin to Vienna via Reichenberg at the end of the 1860s . Austria also wanted a short connection from Vienna to the ports of the Baltic Sea and North Sea , which should also open up Central Bohemia (coal mines and sugar factories). At that time, this was possible with several waybills from different railway companies, whereby one wanted to be independent of the StEG .
As early as 1865, the South-North German Connection Railway (SNDVB) carried out various preparatory work for this project, but had several competitors, especially the StEG. In 1867 the SNDVB merged with a few other applicants and on September 8, 1868 received the concession to build and operate the Vienna – Jungbunzlau route and several wing runways.
On July 26th, 1870 the kk priv. Oesterreichische Nordwestbahn (ÖNWB) was founded to create a second north-south connection in Bohemia. In 1874, the Vienna – Mittelgrund line, the main line of the Austrian Northwest Railway, was completed. There were also branch lines to Jungbunzlau , Aussig and Prague . At the northern end of the line, the ÖNWB built its own Elbe port in 1880, which was connected with a tugboat .
- Opening dates
- October 4, 1873: Nimburg - Lissa
- January 1, 1874: Lissa– Schreckenstein
- October 5, 1874: Schreckenstein - Tetschen - Middle Ground
- January 1, 1880: Tetschen – Laube siding
After the nationalization of the ÖNWB, the line was transferred to the kk Österreichische Staatsbahnen kkStB on January 1, 1908 . After the First World War, the newly founded Czechoslovak State Railways ČSD took their place .
After the Sudetenland was annexed to Germany in autumn 1938, the line between Liboch and Mittelgrund came to the Deutsche Reichsbahn , Reichsbahndirektion Dresden . The connection was now contained in the Reich curriculum as KBS 162g Tetschen – Liboch – Lissa. Thus the line was in fact graduated to a branch line. End-to-end express trains no longer ran.
After the Second World War
After the end of the Second World War , the route was completely returned to the ČSD. Because of the changed traffic flows - the connection to Dresden initially no longer played a major traffic role - all passenger trains to Děčín hl.n. (formerly Bodenbach) tied through. The old north-west station has only been used for freight traffic since then.
In the 1950s, the line was expanded to two tracks and electrified as part of the main Czechoslovak traffic axis Košice - Chomutov . The only exception was the short section between Děčín východ and Děčín-Prostřední Žleb, where electrification did not take place until 1987.
The following table shows the opening dates of the electric train operation:
|September 29, 1958||Kolín – Nymburk St. n.|
|December 29, 1958||Nymburk St. n. – Ústí nad Labem-Střekov|
|November 30, 1962||Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Velké Březno|
|4th February 1963||Velké Březno – Děčín východ|
|December 30, 1987||Děčín východ – Děčín-Prostřední Žleb|
In a conception by the Czech government for rail freight transport that will run until 2030, a fundamental modernization and renewal of the line is planned for the years 2018 to 2025. In this context, the contact line voltage is also to be converted to alternating current of 25 kV 50 Hz. In the second half of 2020, the construction of the contact line system between Ústí nad Labem-Střekov and Velké Březno, built in 1961, is planned for a budget of 130 million crowns. In addition to a total of 16 kilometers of contact wire, 276 contact line masts and 950 insulators will be replaced.
(Status: 01/2008) In the first few decades there were two pairs of non-stop express trains between Vienna and Tetschen, which continued to run even after Czechoslovakia was founded in 1918. The 1918 timetable also indicated three pairs of passenger trains. There were no through trains to Dresden before the Second World War. In Tetschen always had to take the Tetschen – Dresden trains of the Kgl. Saxon State Railways (or later the Deutsche Reichsbahn ).
Until the beginning of the 1990s, international long-distance trains, such as the night train “Saxonia” between Dresden and Balatonfüred, still ran on the route . The last higher quality train pair was an express train between Děčín and Jihlava, which was discontinued in 2007.
Today the connection can be found in three different course book tables:
- KBS 231: Prague – Lysá nad Labem – Kolín
- KBS 072: Lysá nad Labem – Ústí nad Labem západ
- KBS 073: Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Děčín
The Kolín – Ústí nad Labem západ route is served by an express train service that runs every two hours. There is no longer any long-distance traffic between Ústí nad Labem-Střekov and Děčín.
Passenger trains run today on the routes Kolín – Lysá nad Labem – Praha, Lysá nad Labem – Ústí nad Labem západ and Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Děčín. Here, too, there is a two-hour clock schedule, which is condensed into hourly intervals on weekdays.
- Zdeněk Hudec et al: Atlas drah České republiky 2006–2007 . 2nd Edition. Pavel Malkus Publishing House, Prague 2006, ISBN 80-87047-00-1 .
- Peter Wegenstein: The Northwest Railway Line . Verlag Peter Pospischil, Vienna 1995 ( train in Fig. 91).
- Alfred Horn: The Austrian Northwest Railway . Bohmann Verlag, Vienna 1967.
- Prague – Lysá nad Labem – Kolín on www.zelpage.cz
- Lysá nad Labem – Ústí nad Labem západ on www.zelpage.cz
- Ústí nad Labem-Střekov – Děčín on www.zelpage.cz
- German course book - annual timetable 1944/45
- http://www.mdcr.cz/getattachment/Media/Media-a-tiskove-zpravy/Koncepce-nakladni-dopravy-pro-obdobi-2017-%E2%80%93-2023-r/Koncepce-nakladni- dopravy.pdf.aspx
- “Trať z Ústí nad Labem-Střekova do Velkého Března dostane nové troleje” on zdopravy.cz
- Timetable 1918 of the CSD ( Memento from January 21, 2013 in the web archive archive.today )