|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Ústecký kraj|
|Area :||1107.5138 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||1,405 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||411 48 - 412 01|
|License plate :||U|
|Street:||Litoměřice - Štětí|
|Railway connection:||Mělník - Litoměřice|
|Mayor :||Ludmila Juříková (status: 2007)|
411 48 Křešice
Křešice is located on the right Elbe in the southern foothills of the Bohemian Central Mountains at the confluence of the Blatenský potok with the Elbe. In the vicinity of the village there are two smaller cone mountains, the Křemín (244 m) in the north-west and the Holý vrch (302 m) in the north-east. State road 261 between Litoměřice and Štětí runs through the village .
Neighboring towns are Třeboutice in the northwest, Zahořany in the north, Viničné Domky, Encovany and Dolní Encovany in the east, Polepy , Kolonie and Nučnice in the southeast, and on the left Elbe Nučničky in the south, Travčice in the southwest and Počaply in the west.
Křešice was first mentioned in 1057, when Duke Spytihněv II left the place when the collegiate monastery St. Stefan in Litoměřice was founded . The townscape is characterized by two parts, the original Slavic Rundling and the adjoining street village from the time of German colonization.
Around 1350, vineyards were planted on the southern slopes of Křemín and Holý vrch, which the name of the settlement Viničné Domky still recalls today. After the destruction of the village in the Hussite Wars, it was rebuilt. In 1613 the church and rectory were destroyed by fire and in 1656 this happened again. The place had been looted and pillaged during the Thirty Years' War with various troop movements. With the support of Bishop Maximilian Rudolf von Schleinitz , the village and church were restored and in 1666 the bishop donated an altarpiece to the church by the painter Karel Škréta , which represents the patron saint. During this time there was also a German settlement of the previously purely Czech village. Bishop Jaroslaw Ignaz von Sternberg had a chapel consecrated to the Virgin Mary built at a spring in the eastern part of the village, which Bishop Johann Adam Wratislaw von Mitrowitz had expanded into a pilgrimage church in 1725.
With the construction of the Theresienstadt fortress in 1780, the Krzemin hill was expanded to become the vanguard of the fortress on the right bank of the Elbe, and entrenchments were built on the Elbe. Until the beginning of the 20th century, the inhabitants lived on agriculture, the main crops being sugar beet, hops and wine. In 1900 the village had about 400 inhabitants, most of whom were Germans. In 1906 the Vöslauer worsted yarn factory was established with 500 jobs and a workers' colony. By 1930 the number of inhabitants grew to almost a thousand.
After the end of communist rule, the old tradition of pilgrimages to the Virgin Mary was resumed in 1990. Large parts of the village are located in the floodplain of the Elbe and were affected by the great floods of 1784 , 1845 and 2002 . The largest employer today is the Schoeller'sche worsted yarn spinning mill .
The municipality of Křešice consists of the districts Křešice ( Kreschitz ), Nučnice ( Groß Nutschitz ), Sedlec ( Selz ), Třeboutice ( Trebautitz ) and Zahořany ( Zahorzan ), which also form cadastral districts.
- Church of the Holy Trinity in Zahořany, built between 1653 and 1656
- Pilgrimage Church of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary at the Holy Well in Křešice, built in 1725
- Church of St. Matthew in Křešice, built around 1660
- Zahořany Castle
Vincenc Zahradník worked as a pastor in Křešice from 1830 until his death . In 1926 a memorial plaque was dedicated to him at the school.