|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Ústecký kraj|
|Area :||304,119 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||412 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||412 01|
|License plate :||U|
|Street:||Litoměřice - Úštěk|
|Railway connection:||Litoměřice - Úštěk|
|Mayor :||Kateřina Tůmová (status: 2007)|
412 01 Litoměřice 1
The village is located to the right of the Elbe valley in the Bohemian Central Mountains . To the north rises the Bílá hora (282 m), in the southwest of the Křemín (244 m) and in the south on the Elbe are the entrenchments of the Theresienstadt fortress . The village pond forms the center of the village.
Neighboring towns are Podviní and Maškovice in the north, Ploskovice and Býčkovice in the north-east, Luční Mlýn and Velký Újezd in the east, Zahořany and Třeboutice in the south-east, České Kopisty in the south, Litoměřice in the west and Žitenice in the north-west.
Trnovany was first mentioned in a document in 1057 when Duke Spytihněv II founded the cathedral chapter of St. Stephen in Litoměřice . The village was on a connecting road between Litoměřice and Úštěk . Vratislav II gave Trnovany to the monastery on Vyšehrad as a gift, which it co-administered of its property in Žitenice . In the 15th century, the Leitmeritz patrician family Trnovanský acquired parts of the place. After the Hussite Wars , the noble family von Roupov owned the former Vyšehrad shares. The Roupov built a fortress and expanded the place into a noble seat.
After the battle of White Mountain , the cathedral chapter appropriated the Trnovanský lands. The property of Wenzel Wilhelm von Roupov was confiscated and left to Wolf Illburg von Wresowitz, who passed the village on to Albrecht von Waldstein . After Waldstein's murder, another seizure took place and then Trnovany was added to the neighboring Ploschkowitz estate . The old fortress was converted into a granary which was demolished in 1780 due to its dilapidation.
During the Thirty Years' War the entire Trnovany manor was devastated. The northern village of Poschka, as well as Pirnay in the south, were never settled again. In 1808 a devastating fire destroyed the entire village. After the reconstruction, 133 people lived in the rebuilt 30 houses in 1833. Trnowan was a well-known wine-growing place whose wines were delivered to Prague. For this reason the vineyard was also called the Prague Garden . In addition, fruit growing played a major role, and lentils were traditionally grown in Trnowan.
After 1850, the one-layer Giehof located on the old Leitmeritzer Straße was removed.
The municipality Trnovany consists of the districts Podviní ( Podiwin ) and Trnovany ( Trnowan ).
- Log houses
- Chapel in Podviní