|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Ústecký kraj|
|Area :||704.9737 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||1,447 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||411 12|
|License plate :||U|
Lovosice – Louny
Obrnice – Čížkovice
|Mayor :||Simeon Kimmer (as of 2007)|
411 12 Čížkovice
Čížkovice (German Tschischkowitz ) is a municipality in the Czech Republic . It has an area of 705 ha.
It is 174 m above sea level. M. four kilometers southwest of the city of Lovosice in the Bohemian Central Mountains and belongs to the Okres Litoměřice . The village is on the left of the Modla ( Model ) and is traversed by its tributary Jenčický potok. State road 15 runs through the northern part. The railway lines from Most and Louny to Lovosice merge in Čížkovice .
Čížkovice was first mentioned in a document in 1276. Most of the place belonged to the monastery of St. George in Prague . Johann Kaplirz zu Sulewicz , who already owned the smaller manorial share, received the monastic share from King Sigismund as a pledge after the monastery was dissolved in the Hussite Wars. There were two forts in Čížkovice . The upper fortress has been documented since 1389, the lower fortress was built in 1529.
After the Battle of the White Mountains , Adam Kaplirz zu Sulewicz's property was confiscated in 1623. Gustav Adolph von Fahrensbach inherited Tschischkowitz from his mother Agnes von Pallandt in 1655 . In 1658 he had the lower fortress converted into a baroque palace and commissioned the young Italian master builder Giulio Broggio to do this . Broggio settled in Tschischkowitz, was married in the local church in 1658 and completed his first major work in 1665.
In 1692, the St. George Monastery in Prague reacquired the rule of Chischkowitz and the castle became the summer residence of the abbesses. In 1782 the monastery was secularized . In 1819 Joseph von Glasersfeld bought the rule for 20,600 guilders from the religious fund. After the abolition of patrimonial Tschischkowitz became an independent municipality in 1848.
On October 22nd, 1882 the place received a railway connection with the inauguration of the railway line from Lobositz to Libochowitz . On December 19, 1898, the local railway branching off in Tschischkowitz to Obernitz was put into operation.
The good transport links and the existing mineral resources led to the emergence of the building materials industry that still exists today and that characterizes the townscape. A lime works was built in 1893 and the cement works in 1898. The buildings expanded to the east along Bahnhofstrasse, which led to the train station originally located one kilometer east of the village. There was also a traditional brewery in Tschischkowitz, which produced Březňák and Kapuziner beers and was shut down in 1937.
After the end of the Second World War, the castle property was expropriated. At first it served as a convalescent home for inmates of the Theresienstadt Gestapo Prison , then it was handed over to the Okresní národní výbor (ONV, German District National Committee) Litoměřice, who set up a retirement home in it. In 1946 a labor camp was set up at the limestone quarries for Germans interned for deportation from the surrounding areas. In 1975 the old cement works and the lime works were shut down and a new works was built on the former limestone quarries on the right bank of the Modla , which was privatized in 1992 and belongs to the French group Lafarge .
Not far from the village is a burial ground from the Latène period . Remains of bronze fittings and wooden vessels were found in it, dating back to 500 BC. Were dated.
The municipality Čížkovice consists of the districts Čížkovice ( Tschischkowitz ) and Želechovice ( Schelchowitz and Zelechowitz ), which also form cadastral districts.
- Čížkovice Castle, built by Giulio Broggio in 1658–1665, is now used as a retirement home
- Parish church of St. James, built 1675–1677 by Giulio Broggio
- Jewish Cemetery
- Baroque bell tower
Sons and daughters of the church
- Moritz Thausing (1838–1884), writer
In the place worked and lived
- Giulio Broggio , lived in Chischkowitz from 1658 to 1666
- Municipality website (Czech) (not accessible)
- http://www.integro.cz/Cizkovice/index.php (Czech) (not accessible)
- Čížkovice Castle (Czech)
- St. James Church (Czech)