Bornholms Amt was established in 1662 in place of the Hammershus fief and was an administrative district in Denmark until the end of 2002 . It included the island of Bornholm and the Ertholmene archipelago in the northeast . The administrative seat was Rønne. Due to its remote location, Bornholm was the only administrative district to remain untouched by all territorial reforms for almost 350 years .
Until the beginning of the 20th century, the island was divided into four Harden ( Danish herred ):
- Nørre Herred ( Norderharde )
- Sønder Herred ( Süderharde )
- Vester Herred ( Westerharde )
- Øster Herred ( Osterharde )
Until 1970, the six Bornholm towns with town charter (Danish: købstad ) were subject to the district administration, in contrast to the rest of the country, where towns with town charter were directly supervised by the Ministry of the Interior.
In 1970 the following municipalities were formed on Bornholm :
Dissolution in 2003
On January 1, 2003, the Bornholms Amt was merged with the five municipalities in its area to form the new Bornholms Regional Municipality. This merger was the result of a referendum on May 29, 2001. The regional commune united the administrative and local levels and was similar to the district-free cities of Copenhagen and Frederiksberg . Bornholm, like Copenhagen and Frederiksberg, has belonged to the Hovedstaden region since 2007 . This does not apply to the Ertholmene, which do not belong to any region or municipality and are administered directly by the Ministry of Defense .
Bailiffs (district administrators)
- 1787–1801 Christen Heiberg
- 1804–1809 Frederik Thaarup
- 1866–1871 Emil Vedel
- 1871-1894 Peter Holten
- 1961–1985 Niels Elkær-Hansen
- 1985–1997 Johan Erichsen
- 1997-2005 Jørgen Varder
- Nicolai Jonge: Danmarksbeskrivelse, 1777 (Danish; PDF; 114 kB)