The Tønder Office , named after the town of Tønder ( German Tondern ), was one of the offices in Denmark at that time until the Danish municipal reform on April 1, 1970 . Tønder Amt consisted of three Harden ( Danish Herred ):
The office was created in the 13./14. Century as the administrative district of the Burglehens Tondern in the Duchy of Schleswig . Until then, the northeast of the office with the Hoyer -, Schlux - and Karrharde had belonged to the former administrative unit of the Ellumsyssel , while the southwest with the Böking - and Wiedingharde and the landscapes of Sylt and Osterland Föhr had been part of the North Frisian Uthlande . Only Tønder was already a town in the Middle Ages and the undisputed center of the office, although it was not formally part of it. The castle as the seat of the official administration was then also in front of the city.
In the course of the division of Schleswig and Holstein , the office of Tondern came to Hans the Elder in 1544 and belonged to the Duchy of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf from 1581 to 1713 . After that it was royal office in the duchy until 1864/67. In 1864 the previous enclaves of the Kingdom of Denmark with Amrum , Westerland Föhr , List , the Birk Ballum, the Loharde with Troiburg and the Birk Møgeltønder were incorporated into the office.
In 1867 the duchies of Schleswig and came Holstein as a province of Schleswig-Holstein to Prussia . The area of the office came to the district of Tondern , as well as the island of Rømø , whose southern part had previously belonged to Birk Ballum and the northern part to Haderslev Amt . The Løgumkloster Amt, which had had the same bailiff as the Tønder Amt since 1850, was also incorporated into the Tondern district.
In 1920 the northern areas of the district including the district town were ceded to Denmark on the basis of the referendum provided for in the Versailles Treaty . Since in the northern 1st zone, which encompassed the whole of today's North Schleswig , voting as a whole, the future state border was practically determined before the vote on February 10, 1920. For example, municipalities close to the border with clear German majorities such as the city of Tønder , the Flecken Højer or Ubjerg and Tinglev came to Denmark, as did numerous municipalities with almost even results. South of this border, a community vote was held on March 14, 1920. There were Danish majorities only in the Föhrer rural communities Utersum , Hedehusum and Witsum , which, like the surrounding area, remained with Germany.
The areas remaining with Germany continued to form a district that was renamed the Süd Tondern district (later Südtondern). The district town was the rural community of Niebüll , which only received town charter in 1960. Through the territorial reform of 1970, the district of Südtondern was combined with the districts of Eiderstedt and Husum to form the district of North Friesland without the Medelby office (came to the district of Flensburg-Land ) .
The northern part of the Tondern district remained as Tønder Amt and received the parishes of Hviding Herred (Eng. Hvidingharde) from Hadersleben district . In 1970 the office was added to the Sønderjyllands Amt . Tønder Municipality , which was formed in 2007, covers a similarly large area, albeit with some striking changes in the boundary.
Local reform in 1970
With the municipal reform in 1970, Tonder Amt was split between the new Ribe Amt and the new Sønderjyllands Amt .
Three parishes in the north were added to the Ribe Municipality in the new Ribe Office :
The following municipalities in Sønderjyllands Amt were formed from the vast majority of the rest of the office:
- Bredebro from the Sogner ( German parishes )
Grief from the Sogn
- Højrup Sogn and the Sogner
- Fole Sogn
- Gram Sogn from Harde Frøs Herred , Haderslev Amt
- Højer from the Sogner
- Løgumkloster from the Sogner
Nørre-Ragnstrup from the Sogn
- Arrild Sogn and the Sogner
- Agerskov Sogn
- Bevtoft Sogn
- Branderup Sogn
- Tirslund Sogn
- Toftlund Sogn from Harde Nørre Rangstrup Herred , Haderslev Amt
- Skærbæk from the Sogner
- Tønder from the Sogner
Tinglev from the Sogner
- Bylderup Sogn
- Burkal Sogn
- Ravsted Sogn
- Tinglev Sogn and the Sogner
- Bjolderup Sogn
- Uge Sogn from Harde Rise Herred , Åbenrå Amt
- 1771–1772: Jürgen Erich Scheel
- 1793–1815: Ernst Albrecht von Bertouch
- Nicolai Jonge: Danmarksbeskrivelse, 1777 (PDF; 97 kB)