Brandon (Vermont)

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Scene in Brandon Village
Scene in Brandon Village
Location in Vermont
Brandon (Vermont)
Basic data
Foundation : October 20, 1762
State : United States
State : Vermont
County : Rutland County
Coordinates : 43 ° 48 ′  N , 73 ° 5 ′  W Coordinates: 43 ° 48 ′  N , 73 ° 5 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 3,966 (as of 2010)
Population density : 24.5 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 162.6 km 2  (approx. 63 mi 2 ) of
which 161.6 km 2  (approx. 62 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 130 m
Postal code : 05733
Area code : +1 802
FIPS : 50-07750
GNIS ID : 1460649
Website :
Historic Brandon Town Hall on a Snowy Day.jpg
Brandon Town Hall

Brandon is a town in Rutland County , Vermont , United States with a population of 3,966 (2010 census).


Geographical location

Brandon lies on the western edge of the Green Mountains at the transition to the plain around Lake Champlain . Large areas of the western part of the town include the western foothills of these mountains; therefore some of the higher mountains of Vermont can also be found here: Mount Nickwaket (837 m) and Lead Mine Mountain (799 m), furthermore the local mountain of the main settlement, Birch Hill (369 m).

In the flatter western part of the town, there is the Brandon Swamp Wildlife Management Area , a nature reserve created by the Otter Creek flowing through the settlement from south to north .

Neighboring communities

All distances are given as straight lines between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.


The mean mean temperature in Brandon is between -7.2 ° C (19 ° Fahrenheit ) in January and 20.6 ° C (69 ° Fahrenheit) in July. This means that the place is around 9 degrees cooler than the long-term average in the USA. At around two meters, the snowfall between October and May is considerably higher than the average snow depth in the USA, while the daily sunshine duration is at the lower end of the range in the USA. In the period from mid-October to mid-December, it was even considerably lower.


Brandon is one of the foundings that were operated from what was then the colony of New Hampshire . It was put up for sale on October 20, 1762 under the name Neshobe; It was given its current name Brandon when it was renamed on October 20, 1784. The first settlers who came to the country from 1775 had to suffer from the raids of the Indians, whose hunting grounds were the area around the lake and the Green Mountains. Two settlers were killed in an attack in 1777, most of the settlers were captured and the village and a sawmill (vital in the pioneering phase, as it was necessary for the delivery of building materials for the first houses) burned down.

After the end of the War of Independence , the raids ended and the settlement proceeded quickly. In 1784 the constituent city assembly could be held; the first census of 1790 found 637 residents. At that time almost all settlements were in the western, agricultural part of the settlement, and accordingly agriculture and, as was widespread in Vermont at that time, sheep-rearing dominated the economic picture of the settlement. An iron ore mine discovered around 1810 was intensively mined, as were manganese deposits and marble.

With the opening of the Bellows Falls – Burlington railway line on December 18, 1849, the residents opened up new markets, especially with the metropolitan areas of the east coast. The previous wool and sheep production was displaced in favor of dairy farming. The ore and marble deposits that had been used up until then had largely been mined by 1880, which led to an emigration of the workforce and their families. It wasn't until the town was expanded into a local education center in the mid-1950s that the trend reversed again.


The diversity of faith communities that can still be observed today was represented in Brandon from the very beginning. The first church to employ a permanent chaplain was the Baptists in 1788; when the church was founded is no longer known. In 1832 they built their first church. On September 23, 1785, the congregationalists founded their local congregation, the Episcopals followed in 1839 with the first congregation: St. Thomas.

Today there are six different congregations in the village: two episcopal ( St. Thomas and Grace Church ), a Wesleyan ( Forest Dale Wesleyan Church ), a Roman Catholic ( St. Mary ), a Methodist and a United Church of Christ congregation .

Population development

Census Results - Town of Brandon, Vermont
year 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790
Residents 637
year 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
Residents 1076 1375 1495 1946 2194 2835 3077 3571 3280 3310
year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990
Residents 2759 2712 2874 2891 2979 3304 3329 3697 4194 4223
year 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060 2070 2080 2090
Residents 3917 3966

Economy and Infrastructure

Brandon's Schools are Brandon’s main employer; 18% of all workers can be found in the training company, followed by administrative staff.


The main traffic connection is US Highway 7, which runs from north to south . It connects Brandon with Leicester, Middlebury and Burlington to the north and Rutland City to the south.

In addition, Vermont State Route 73 runs east to northwest through the town and connects Brandon with Rochester in the east and Sudbury and Orwell in the west.

Public facilities

Brandon has no other public facilities other than the schools, library, and usual city offices listed below. The closest hospital is Porter Medical Center in Middlebury.


Brandon is part of the Rutland Northeast Supervisory Union with Brandon, Chittenden, Goshen, Leicester, Mendon, Pittsford, Sudbury and Whiting .

In Brandon there is a six-class, public elementary school, the Neshobe School with approx. 375 students, and a high school, the Otter Valley Union High School with around 700 students, which runs from 7th to 12th grade. Colleges can be found in Middlebury and Burlington , and a university in Burlington.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked on site


  • Zadock Thompson: History of Vermont, natural, civil and statistical, in three parts . 3rd volume. Chauncey Goodrich, Burlington 1842, p. 27 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).

Web links

Commons : Brandon, Vermont  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Brandon in the United States Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System , accessed October 1, 2014
  2. Population data from the 2010 US Census in the American Factfinder
  3. Official description of the Brandon Swamp Wildlife Management Area (English) ( Memento of the original from July 17, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  4. Coordinates of the locations of the Census Authority 2010
  5. Climate data at (English)
  6. Population 1790–2010 according to the census results
  7. Rutland Northeast Supervisory Union ( Memento of the original from July 28, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed July 28, 2017 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Homepage of the Neshobe School (English)
  9. Homepage of the Otter Valley Union High School (English)