Eötvös Loránd University
|Eötvös Loránd University Budapest|
|place||Budapest , Hungary|
|Students||approx. 29,000 (2009)|
|Employee||approx. 1,400 (2009)|
The Eötvös Loránd University Budapest ( Hungarian Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem , Latin Universitas Budapestinensis de Rolando Eötvös nominata ) - ELTE for short - is one of the universities in Budapest . It has been named after the physicist Loránd Eötvös since 1950 , previously it was also temporarily named after the university's founder, Péter Pázmány (from 1921).
She claims to be the successor to the University of Tyrnau , which began teaching in 1635 and is therefore one of the oldest universities in Hungary .
The University of Tyrnau was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Péter Pázmány, the Archbishop of Esztergom , in Tyrnau ( Trnava in Slovak , Nagyszombat in Hungarian ) as a Jesuit college .
At that time Hungary was partly occupied by the Ottomans . For this reason, Péter Pázmány chose Tyrnau, a town in the part of the Kingdom of Hungary that was then under the Habsburgs . There the temporary center of the university was built. From the beginning, however, Pázmány planned to relocate to the then Hungarian capital Pressburg at a later date.
Initially there was only one faculty of the humanities and one theological faculty. The first rector of the university was György Dabronoki . The faculties were chaired by deans , while the chancellor took on administrative duties.
The establishment of the Faculty of Law in 1667 represented a fundamental step in the development of the university. After the establishment of the Medical Faculty in 1769, the structure of the university was similar to that of other European universities.
At that time the faculties were divided into 25 institutes.
On February 1, 1777, Queen Maria Theresa signed permission to move the university to Buda . In the same year it opened its doors in the royal palace .
The Institute of Engineering was founded within the Faculty of Humanities in 1782, but it was taken over by the Polytechnic University in 1857 and finally became part of the Technical University in 1871. In 1784 the University of Buda moved to Pest and was henceforth called the Royal Hungarian University. Until 1802, the Budapest University Library also assumed the role of the national library and national bibliographic center of Hungary. The Pedagogical Institute has existed since 1870. The József Eötvös College was founded in 1895 to raise the educational level of lecturers and academics.
The university has always played a major role in spreading progressive ideas. At the end of the 18th century, the Enlightenment had a major impact on the educational system. Contact the university had the Hungarian Jacobins . After the movement was discovered in 1794, numerous teachers and students were victims of the repression that followed. Students and professors from the university also took part in the revolution of 1848 , which led to the abolition of the feudal system.
Until 1949, the "Péter Pázmány University of Sciences" consisted of the Faculties of Law and Political Science, the Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of Medicine and the Faculty of Theology. In 1949, the Faculty of Medicine was separated from the university and is since then as Semmelweis University with three faculties. In the same year the theological faculty continued its work independently as the theological academy; from this later grew the Catholic Péter Pázmány University . The division of the Faculty of Arts also created the Faculty of Natural Sciences.
From 1921 the university bore the name of its founder, Péter Pázmány, and since 1950 it has been named after Loránd Eötvös , its former rector and professor, who discovered the Eötvös rule .
The biggest change for the university came in the 1990s when the Hungarian parliament reorganized the higher education system and its institutions. The relevant law was passed by parliament in 1999. It regulated the nationwide integration of various universities, technical colleges and faculties. Since then, for example, the Institute and Postgraduate Center for Sociology and Social Policy has belonged to the Faculty of Humanities. In accordance with the law, the Budapest University of Education ( Budapesti Tanárképző Főiskola ) founded in 1869 was integrated.
Over 31,000 students (as of 2006) are taught by over 1,090 professors and lecturers, including 58 full members of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences .
Since September 1st, 2003, the Eötvös Loránd University consists of eight faculties:
- Faculty of Humanities
- Faculty of Law
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Education and Psychology
- Faculty of Social Sciences
- Faculty of Computer Science
- Faculty of Elementary Education
- Faculty of Special Education
- Mihály Ignác von Lenhossék (1773–1840), university professor, physician and psychologist
- Lajos Kossuth (1802-1894), Hungarian freedom fighter
- Ludwig Mandl (1812–1881), Hungarian-French physician
- József von Lenhossék (1818–1888), Hungarian anatomist, neurologist and university professor
- Fülöp Lénárd (1862–1947), German physicist
- Mihály von Lenhossék (1863–1937), Hungarian anatomist and university professor
- György Hevesy (1885–1966), Hungarian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1943)
- Albert Szent-Györgyi (1893–1986), Hungarian physician, Nobel Prize in Medicine (1937)
- Béla Hamvas (1897–1968), Hungarian writer
- György Békésy (1899–1972), Hungarian physicist and physiologist, Nobel Prize in Medicine (1961)
- János Neumann (1903–1957), Hungarian-American mathematician
- János Harsányi (1920–2000), Hungarian-American economist
- Miklós Mészöly (1921–2001), Hungarian writer
- Ágnes Gergely (* 1933), Hungarian writer
- Zsuzsa Breier (* 1963), German-Hungarian literary scholar, diplomat, former state secretary and author
- Viktor Orbán (* 1963), Hungarian Prime Minister
- Ágnes Czingulszki (* 1987), journalist and author
In addition to many international university partnerships, ELTE is a member of:
- Coimbra group
- The Utrecht Network
- UNICA (Universities from Capitals of Europe)
- European University Association EUA
- The Danube Rectors Conference
- AUDEM (Alliance of Universities for Democracy)
- ^ Study in Hungary: ELTE
- ↑ Memoria universitatum et scholarum maiorum Regni Hungariae
- ↑ See the website of the Collegium ( Memento of July 2, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) on eotvos.elte.hu (Hungarian).
Coordinates: 47 ° 29 ′ 26.3 ″ N , 19 ° 3 ′ 30.5 ″ E