Historical societies , which at the same or similar target as historical societies or historical societies operate under the name, serve the purpose of the home country , regional or country's history to develop and promote through publications, meetings and other activities, the knowledge of this history and interest in her . The antiquity associations , which are particularly dedicated to the preservation of monuments and the description, preservation and exhibition of local collections and cultural assets, are closely connected with the history associations and, in some cases, merged into them .
A distinction must be made between the history and antiquity associations, the history workshops , which have been established since the 1970s and which usually focus on the more recent everyday history of smaller regional units such as districts .
History and antiquity associations have been established since the early 19th century. The early foundations include the Association for History and Natural History of the Baar , founded in 1805, as well as the Association for Nassau Antiquities and Historical Research, founded in Wiesbaden in 1812, and the Historical Association for Upper Franconia . It was founded in 1827 under the name of the Association for Bayreuth History and Antiquity, Geography and Statistics of the Upper Main District .
In Germany, they have been united with the historical commissions as well as regional historical institutes and working groups under the umbrella of the general association of German history and antiquity associations since 1852 . The founding purpose of the entire association was to emphasize the unity of German history in diversity by merging the historians in the then highly fragmented territories, landscapes and cities and thus to stimulate national and regional historical and local research. In its magazine Blätter für deutsche Landesgeschichte , the entire association gives an annual scientific overview through collective reports and reviews and also deals with key topics of research on regional and regional history in scientific articles. Since 1968 it has organized the State History Day , which is devoted to special research questions and the exchange of experiences between the state historians in the member associations and at the universities. In the area of source editions, the entire association has endeavored to achieve the necessary standardization. The editing principles for documents, medieval official books and sources on modern German history, developed by Walter Heinemeyer on behalf of the entire association , are an integral part of historical practice today. In addition, the communication of research results to a broader population is becoming increasingly important in order to promote citizens' awareness of regional and regional historical references and to preserve the intellectual basis for the federal system in Germany. The entire association acts as a spokesman for its more than 200 member associations, for example when assessing the archival laws of the Federal Republic and the individual federal states or when making statements about the Berlin Historical Museum . He maintains numerous contacts with state bodies and institutions in Germany and abroad. The entire association acts as a coordinator of regional historical research and association work, forms a forum for professional exchange, stimulates projects and represents the interests of its members towards politics and administration.
The Association for History and Natural History of the Baar eV , ( Baarverein ) with its seat in Donaueschingen was founded in 1805 and is considered the oldest cultural association in Germany. In 1842 he joined the antiquity association for the Grand Duchy of Baden as a branch association. However, it continued to exist independently after the antiquity association ceased its activity.
The regional association Badische Heimat , founded in 1909, has a. a. also the promotion of regional and state history . The desired function as the umbrella organization of the history associations in the 1920s could not be achieved. Today the association's regional groups exist alongside the local and regional history associations.
In Bavaria the clubs are also organized in the Association of Bavarian History Societies. It was founded on November 24th, 1906 in Nuremberg as an amalgamation of 32 historical and prehistoric associations in Bavaria. Today the association has more than 200 history, local, regional and folklore associations, which have set themselves the goal of researching and communicating local, regional and regional history, including regional and folklore.
The societies Historischer Verein von Unterfranken and Aschaffenburg (founded in 1831), Mainfränkischer Kunst- und Altertumsverein (founded in 1893) and Mainfrankischer Kunstverein (founded in 1841), for example, were forerunner organizations of the Friends of Mainfränkischer Kunst, founded in 1948 .
The oldest history association in the federal capital is the Association for the History of Berlin eV, which was founded in 1865. He has earned a high reputation primarily through his series of publications. Some of its best-known members are or were Willy Brandt , Alfred Döblin , Theodor Fontane , Ernst Friedel , Friedrich Meinecke , Adolf Menzel , Axel Springer , Heinrich von Sybel and Richard von Weizsäcker .
The Hamburg History Association is called the Association for Hamburg History . It was founded on April 9, 1839 and has since endeavored to conduct historical research in Hamburg and to bring knowledge about the history of Hamburg closer to broad circles. The Association for Hamburg History also assumes the role of a historical commission for regional history in Hamburg .
The Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies ("VHG") is one of the oldest and largest historical associations in Germany. He is a member of the General Association of German History and Antiquity Associations, which he co-founded in 1852. Based in Kassel, it focuses on the areas of the former Electorate of Hesse (-Kassel). In the area of the Grand Duchy of Hesse (-Darmstadt), the Historical Association for Hesse was founded in 1833 , initially as the Historical Association for the Grand Duchy of Hesse .
The Braunschweigischer Geschichtsverein was founded on May 6, 1901 as the "History Association for the Duchy of Braunschweig" and today has over 550 members. The aim of the association is to promote historical awareness and a regional identity in today's region between Harz and Heide and Harz and Weser.
The Association for History and Archeology of Westphalia consists of two departments. The older branch has its seat in Paderborn and was founded in 1824 on the initiative of the cathedral capitular Ignaz Meyer . Its sister association, the Association for the History and Archeology of Westphalia, Dept. Münster , has existed since 1825; together the clubs have been publishing the Westphalian magazine since 1837 .
The Historical Commission for Westphalia was founded in 1896 by the Association for the History and Archeology of Westphalia. She took over the continuation of the scientific work, including the publication of the Westphalian document book . In 1914, the commission was registered as an association and legally independent; organizationally, it was relocated to the Provincial Association of the Province of Westphalia in 1921 , from which the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe emerged in the post-war period .
The Eschweiler history association was re-established in 1974 after the city's first history association of 1920 failed to survive the Second World War. It was not until April 29, 1974 that the Hotel St. Peter was re-established in Schnellengasse. 63 women and men signed the list of founders. Today the association has around 1,050 members and is therefore the largest association in the city of Eschweiler.
The Saxon Antiquities Association was founded in 1825 by the Saxon King Friedrich August and officially confirmed on March 3, 1837. Its founding was based on an appeal by Karl August Böttiger in the Dresdner Abend-Zeitung on October 25, 1819.
The Heimatbund und Geschichtsverein Herzogtum Lauenburg eV was formed in 1949 as a merger of two previously independent associations ( Association for the History of the Duchy of Lauenburg , founded in 1883, and Heimatbund Herzogtum Lauenburg , founded in 1925) and is the oldest cultural association in the historic Elbe Duchy with the largest number of members . It is divided into seven district groups and is dedicated to the processing and presentation of regional history as well as the maintenance of the Low German language , monument preservation and environmental protection . He publishes the magazine Lauenburgische Heimat .
The Württemberg History and Antiquity Association (Stuttgart) was founded in 1843. One of the oldest clubs in (Baden-) Württemberg is u. a. the Sülchgau antiquity association , which was founded in 1852 in the Roman and episcopal city of Rottenburg am Neckar . The Association of Württemberg History and Antiquity Associations was founded in 1927 as a loose association of the history associations in Württemberg.
In Austria, the Association of Austrian Historians and History Associations has been the overarching association since 1949 , and there is a history association for each federal state, which is assigned to the regional archives (Vienna, Lower Austria, Styria, Carinthia), the regional museum (Vorarlberg, Tyrol, Upper Austria) or regional studies institute ( Lower Austria) is connected. In addition, there are numerous associations that are dedicated to researching individual regions, phenomena or sites
- National associations
- History Association for Carinthia
- Society for Salzburg Regional Studies
- Historical association for Styria
- Association for the History of the City of Vienna
The Antiquarian Society in Zurich was founded in 1832, making it the oldest existing cantonal historical society in Switzerland. There is a cantonal history association in almost all cantons, such as the Historical Association of the Canton of Schwyz , in some of the bilingual cantons there are even two. There are also other associations in cities and regions.
The Historical Association for the Principality of Liechtenstein was founded in 1901. Since then he has published a volume of the historical yearbook every year. The yearbook not only contains contributions to older and more recent Liechtenstein history, but also B. also presents archaeological finds. In addition, it is also devoted to topics of folklore and natural history and the languages spoken in Liechtenstein ( Alemannic and Walser German ).
The Historical Association for the Principality of Liechtenstein has been running its own publishing house for many years. The association was the initiator of the two-volume historical lexicon of the Principality of Liechtenstein published in 2013 . The association regularly organizes excursions in Liechtenstein and in neighboring countries and invites you to public lectures.
United Kingdom and Commonwealth of Nations
There are a number of historical societies in English-speaking countries, particularly in the United Kingdom . The historical societies are largely made up of scholars and join state institutions or universities.
Well-known historical societies:
- Georg Kunz: Localized history: regional historical consciousness in the German historical associations of the 19th century (= critical studies on historical science . Volume 138). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2000, ISBN 3-525-35729-X (Dissertation. University of Regensburg 1998).
- Manfred Uhlitz : A short history of the history clubs . In: Susanne Kähler, Wolfgang Krogel, Manfred Uhlitz (eds.): 150 years of the Berlin metropolis. Festschrift for the 150th anniversary of the Association for the History of Berlin eV, founded in 1865 . Berlin 2015, ISBN 978-3-944594-28-6 .
- General association of the German history and antiquity associations
- Association of the Württemberg history and antiquity associations
- Association of Bavarian History Societies
- Sheets for German national history - digitized version of the magazine (vol. 83. 1937 - 135.1999), including the forerunner correspondence sheet of the general association of German history and antiquity associations (vol. 1. 1852/53 - vol. 82. 1934)
- The role of the history and antiquity associations in the early days of monument preservation ( page no longer available , search in web archives )
- Bernd Mayer. "Everyone bring what he has." In Heimat-Kurier, the historical magazine of the North Bavarian Courier. Issue 2/2002
- Marlene Lauter: Fine arts in Würzburg after 1945. In: Ulrich Wagner (Ed.): History of the city of Würzburg. 4 volumes, Volume I-III / 2, Theiss, Stuttgart 2001-2007; III / 1–2: From the transition to Bavaria to the 21st century. Volume 2, 2007, ISBN 978-3-8062-1478-9 , p. 1343, note 3.
- Sebastian Husen, Patriotic History in the Republican City-State. Studies on the development of the Association for Hamburg History (1839–1914). (Publications of the Association for Hamburg History, Volume 45. Hamburg 1999)
- Association of Austrian Historians and History Associations, organizational data in the Vienna History Wiki of the City of Vienna
- See Anne-Marie Dubler: Historische Vereine. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- s. also the category: Swiss History Association
- see homepage of the association