Gollin (Templin)

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City of Templin
Coordinates: 53 ° 2 ′ 58 ″  N , 13 ° 36 ′ 13 ″  E
Height : 61 m
Area : 1.46 km²
Residents : 126  (Jul. 2013)
Population density : 86 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : October 26, 2003
Postal code : 17268
Area code : 039882
Village mug Gollin
Village mug Gollin

Gollin [gɔˈliːn] is a district of the unofficial city ​​of Templin in the Uckermark district ( Brandenburg ). Gollin was an independent community until 2003.

Gollin with large and small Gollinsee on the Urmes table sheet 2947 Vietmannsdorf from 1826

Geographical location

Gollin is 10.5 km southeast of the (core) city of Templin at the northeast end of the very elongated Großer Gollinsee . It borders in the north on the municipality of Milmersdorf , in the northeast and east on the municipality of Temmen-Ringenwalde , in the south on Groß Dölln and in the west on Vietmannsdorf (both places mentioned are districts of the city of Templin). The place can be reached via the L 216 from Vietmannsdorf, or via the L 100, which leads from Milmersdorf towards Groß Schönebeck through the village. North of the town center is the Bollwinsee, northeast of the Kleine Holzsee and the Giersee . To the east lies the Reiersdorfer See and at the end of the Großer Gollinsee the Kleine Gollinsee .

According to the local structure, Gollin can be described as an anger or square village. The inhabited district of Reiersdorf and the residential area gate keeper's houses belong to the district of Gollin .

The small Petzinsee is still in the locality southeast of the village green .


The place is first mentioned in the land register of Emperor Charles IV from 1375. It says:

“Ghollyn 46 mansi. Quilibet dat in pactum 5 solidos; precaria 6 denarii, et quilibet domus dat 2 pullos. Grypheke de Gryfenberg, Rembolt et Bertram, fratres, habent redditus huius ville. De hiis mansis sunt 26 in possessione et 5 sunt in libertate ad triennium. Taberna dat 18 solidos. Costenworde sunt 6, quelibet dat 6 denarios et 2 pullos, quarum 2 sunt in possessione. Prope villam iacet stagnum, quod pertinet civitati Templyn, super quod sunt 7 tractiones saga. 2 ° anno facti sunt 6 mansi desolati. "

The Gollin field marrow was divided into 46 hooves , of which only 25 were actually cultivated. Five of these hooves were exempt from taxes for three years. Each taxable hoof had to give five shillings for the rent and six pfennigs for the bede . Each house also had to deliver two (smoking) chickens. The owners of the village were the brothers Grypheke, Rembolt and Bertram v. Greiffenberg. The jug had to pay 18 shillings. Only two of the six cottages were owned. Each Kossät had to give 6 shillings and two chickens. There is a lake near the village, which however belongs to the town of Templin and in which seven yarn trains were allowed to catch fish. In an addendum it was found that another six hooves had fallen wildly.

The place name Gollin is derived after Sophie Wauer from an old Polish basic form * golina = bare place not overgrown by trees. An aplb would also be possible. Basic form * Golin- = location of a gola . This personal name also belongs to the adjective * gol- naked, bald.

1459 Gollin is mentioned as a church village. In 1527 44 hooves are mentioned. In 1528 the Zeidler von Gollin and Vietmannsdorf set up their hives in the Zehdenicker Heide. In 1554 the jug is mentioned again. In 1575, on a piece of land owned by the v. Holzendorf had to cede as the local owner , and a heath ranch (chief forester's office) was set up for the maintenance of the game drives . In 1578 there were 17 farmers, 4 farmers and a shepherd in the village. It had 36 hooves at the time. In 1624 36 hooves that could be shot (= taxable) were mentioned again. The population consisted of 17 farmers, 6 farmers, the Erbkrüger and the Heidereiter. The Thirty Years War hit the village very hard, almost all of the residents perished or fled. The church was destroyed and not rebuilt. The first half-timbered church was not built again until around 1755. In 1687 the hoof beat (or the division of the land) was barely recognizable, the area was almost completely wooded. Only one sixth of the former cultivated land was cleared. There were only two farmers living in the village, all of the cottages were fallow. The church was destroyed, as was the schoolmaster's and sexton's house and the smithy. The Heidereiterei was rebuilt by 1692. It is described as a house with seven containers, a barn and stables. In 1701 the village had not yet been rebuilt. Of the 1,465 acres (he acre to 300 square rods), 325 acres were "bare land" (i.e. in cultivation), the rest were still overgrown. There were no parishes, but the church had two acres of church land. The earnings situation was also quite modest due to the poor, sandy soil. The meadows gave little and poor fodder. That is why herding and animal husbandry were not very well developed. Pasture oats had to be paid for the forest pasture in the Royal Heath. There was enough firewood, but no timber. The inhabitants were also only able to do little fishing (on the small "Schulzensee", today Petzinsee). The Great Gollinsee belonged to the city of Templin. Interestingly, the hoof size is only calculated from the two cultivated fields (minus the fallow land). The 36 hooves were calculated on 27 acres, 27 7/9 square rods. In 1704 the Heidereiterei was relocated to Reiersdorf due to the dilapidation of the house in Gollin. By 1711 it was almost possible to reoccupy the farms. For this year ten farmers residing in Gollin, one "single person" and one shepherd with cattle were noted. The village was not completely rebuilt until 1734. The following are named: twelve peasants, seven "houseguests", a tailor, a shepherd, nine servants and nine maidservants. In 1742 ten farmers cultivated three hooves each, one farmer two hooves, and the Kruger four hooves. In 1745 the brewing mug belonged to a Kruger Röhle. In 1775 there was again a church in Gollin, probably a half-timbered church, the place was again a church village. In addition to eleven farmers, 25 Büdner, residents and other people lived in the village; there were a total of 31 campfire sites with 136 inhabitants. In 1801 the place had 164 inhabitants: 11 whole farmers, 7 Büdner, 5 residents and a fisherman. There was a forge and a jug, a total of 27 fireplaces. The half-timbered church built around 1755 burned down by lightning. In 1814 a large fire destroyed the school building and probably three Büdner houses. In 1817 the new school building was built. In 1819 (1817) today's half-timbered church with a three-sided east end and a boarded roof tower was built. In 1840 there were 23 houses. The Vorwerk Gut Gollin is mentioned for the first time. The windmill in Gollin is documented for the first time in 1849. The owner was a certain Hinze. In 1860 there were 4 public buildings, 28 residential buildings and 48 farm buildings, including a flour mill (windmill). The windmill was located south of the village, a little east of Golliner Dorfstrasse (on the southern edge of property 302/2). An overview of the village's infrastructure is documented for the year 1861: an inn, two linen weavers with three chairs and an assistant, a post mill, in which a master and an assistant were employed, a fisherman, a bricklayer, a carpenter, a master wheelwright , two master blacksmiths with an assistant, a master tailor, a seamstress, two master carpenters and a cooper. In 1867 the Vorwerk Gollin belonged to the Freiherr Karl August Robert v. Stein (from Lausnitz, zu Kochberg) (* May 14, 1838, † 1895 in Berlin). The Vorwerk was 800 acres and consisted of a house in which 16 residents lived. In 1878 parts of the Vorwerk were sold to the forest treasury. In 1900 there were 38 houses in Gollin. In 1905 a forester's office was set up again in Gollin, which belonged to the head forester's office in Reiersdorf. It was at the northeast end of the village. In 1907 there were in Gollin: a landowner (with 158 hectares), a master tailor, two innkeepers, a master blacksmith, eight bricklayers, a material, flour and fodder shop, another material shop, the royal forester, a royal assistant forester, a teacher and two other Büdner. The gatekeeper's house had also been built by 1927 at the latest. In 1931 53 residential buildings were registered. In 1933 the Gollin volunteer fire brigade was founded . A year later it already had 25 comrades. In 1936 the fire station with a riser and hose drying tower was built. In 1935/36 a gas station was built in Gollin. It basically existed until December 31, 1991 when it was closed. In the land reform after World War II in 1948, 245 hectares were expropriated and divided. 32 hectares went to landless farmers and farm workers, 91 hectares to 20 landless farmers and 56 hectares to resettlers. The community reserved 5 hectares, 19 hectares went to the state's own forest. The half-timbered church was renovated in 1968. In 1969 the local school was closed. The students were now taught in the schools in Milmersdorf. In 1978 there was a home worker base for VEB Bekleidungswerke Zehdenick. The LPG Vietmannsdorf, operating part Gut Gollin cultivated the agricultural area of ​​the place and maintained a compound feed factory.

Population growth from 1734 to 2002
year Residents
1734 133
1774 136
1801 164
1817 085
1840 222
1858 244
1895 179
1925 252
1939 266
1946 346
1964 270
1971 216
1981 176
1991 304
2002 149

Political history

At the time of the first documentary mention, the village belonged to the brothers Grypheke, Rembolt and Bertram v. Greiffenberg. The Great Gollinsee belonged to the city of Templin, which still owned the lake in 1701. Before 1494, most of the village was given to the v. Holzendorff passed over. A second, smaller part, six groschen hoof interest and a smoky hen, and the services of the farmers, had come to the Zehdenick rule and from 1524 the Zehdenick castle office . The electoral heath ritual was also under the Zehdenick office. In 1704/06 the Heidereiterei was relocated to Reiersdorf and the property and the building were given to v. Holzendorf sold. In 1857 Baron Karl August Robert v. Stein (from Lausnitz, zu Kochberg) the place. From 1863 to 1865 it was briefly owned by Prof. Dr. Jacob Friedrich Roloff zu Neustrelitz, but then fell to Freiherr v. Stone back. He was able to maintain ownership until 1872. The patrimonial jurisdiction had already passed to the district court in Templin in 1849.

Before the district reform of 1815/6, Gollin belonged to the Uckermark District . From 1816 it belonged to the Templin district , which was cut somewhat differently in the district reform of 1952. Gollin also stayed with the new district of Templin , which was assigned to the newly created district of Neubrandenburg . In 1990 the Templin district was renamed the Templin district . In the district reform of 1993, the three districts of Angermünde , Prenzlau and Templin were combined to form the district of Uckermark.

When the estate districts were dissolved in 1929, Gollin received parts of the Forst Reiersdorf estate. In 1931 the community included the Gut Gollin, Reiersdorf colony, forester's house gatekeeper house and forester's house Wucker. In 1967 the Wucker forester's house belonged to Groß Dölln, and Gut Gollin to Vietmannsdorf. After the fall of the Wall, Gollin merged with 13 other communities to form the Templin-Land office . In the municipal reform of 2003, Gollin was incorporated into the city of Templin by law together with the other municipalities of the Templin-Land office. Gollin has been part of the city of Templin since then.

Church affiliation

In 1459 Gollin was Kirchdorf, which belonged to the Sedes Templin. In 1543 and 1634 it was a daughter church of Vietmannsdorf. Around 1656 it was temporarily cured by the provost in Templin. At the end of the 17th century it was again a daughter church of Vietmannsdorf. By 1934 the Libbesicke residential area, the Reiersdorf village, the Gollin estate and the Wucker forester's lodge were also churched after Gollin. Today Gollin belongs to the Evangelical Parish Polsensee in the parish of Oberes Havelland (Evangelical Church Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia).

Nature reserves

In the eastern part of the district, around the Reiersdorfer See, there is the Reiersdorf nature reserve . The southern and eastern parts of the district belong almost entirely to the Bollwinwiesen-Großer Gollinsee nature reserve .


The list of monuments of the state of Brandenburg for the district of Uckermark lists six architectural monuments and one ground monument for Gollin:

Architectural monuments

  • Village church
  • former school, Dorfstrasse 27
  • Residential house, Dorfstrasse 28
  • Residential building Dorfstrasse 29
  • Dorfstraße 36
  • Head forester Reiersdorf, consisting of the main building, stable and barn (in the Reiersdorf part of the municipality)

Ground monument

  • No. 140622, hall 6: a Neolithic settlement
Gollin village church Village jug Dorfstrasse 29 Old school
Gollin Church 2.JPG Gollin Dorfkrug left.JPG Gollin Dorfstrasse 29.JPG Gollin School right.JPG


  • Lieselott Enders : Historical local dictionary for Brandenburg. Part VIII Uckermark. 1210 p., Hermann Böhlaus successor, Weimar 1986 ISBN 3-7400-0042-2 (p. 333/4).
  • Johannes Schultze: The land book of the Mark Brandenburg from 1375. Brandenburg land books Volume 2, 470 S., Commission publisher by Gsellius, Berlin 1940.
  • Sophie Wauer: Brandenburg name book. Part 9. The place names of the Uckermark. 391 pp., Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1996 ISBN 3-7400-1000-2 (p. 114).

Web links

Commons : Gollin  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Main statutes of the city of Templin from December 16, 2009 PDF
  2. ^ Service portal of the Brandenburg State Administration - City of Templin
  3. a b c d Gollin's history Internet presence of the city of Templin ( Memento of the original from September 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.templin.de
  4. Georg Dehio (editor Gerhard Vinken and others): Handbook of the German Art Monuments Brandenburg. 1207 pp., Deutscher Kunstverlag, 2000, ISBN 3-422-03054-9 (p. 370)
  5. ^ Stenographic reports on the negotiations of the chambers convened by the Supreme Patent of December 5, 1848. First Chamber, Volume 4, pp. 1609–2166, Berlin, Deckersche Geheime Ober-Hofbuchdruckerei, 1849, (p. 2142, bottom right, last line)
  6. Gothaisches genealogical pocket book of the baronial houses, Volume 21, Gotha, Justus Perthes 1871 Online at Google Books (p. 668)
  7. Enders (1986: p. **)
  8. Contribution to the statistics of the State Office for Data Processing and Statistics. Historical municipality register of the State of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005 7.15 pm District Uckermark PDF
  9. ^ Church district Upper Havelland
  10. List of monuments of the state of Brandenburg. Uckermark district. Status: December 31, 2016 PDF ( Memento of the original from September 8, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.bldam-brandenburg.de