Infantry Regiment 9 (Wehrmacht)

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9th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment
Infantry Regiment Potsdam
9th Infantry Regiment

Fredericus Rex.svg

" Fridericus Rex " the monogram of the Prussian kings.
From November 1942 troop registration of the 23rd Infantry Division
active October 1, 1920 as part of the Reichswehr until May 8, 1945
Country German EmpireGerman Empire (Reichskriegsflagge) German Empire

German Reich NSGerman Reich (Nazi era) German Empire

Armed forces Reichswehr / Wehrmacht
Armed forces army
Branch of service infantry
Type Infantry Regiment
structure See outline
garrison Potsdam
Nickname Regiment "Count Nine"
list of Commanders

Ewald von Kleist , later Field Marshal
Ernst Busch , later Field Marshal
Werner von Gilsa , later General of the Infantry

The 9th (Prussian) Infantry Regiment , also known as "Graf Neun" , belonged to the 3rd Infantry Division of the Reichswehr and later to the 23rd Infantry Division of the Wehrmacht .


The regiment was set up on October 1, 1920 as part of the Reichswehr of the Weimar Republic in Potsdam. It was under the 3rd Division in Military District III (Berlin) until October 14, 1935 .

In the years 1933 to 1935 the regiment was responsible for the military training of the Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler under Sepp Dietrich .

After regaining military sovereignty in the German Empire , it was placed under the newly established 23rd Infantry Division . With this association the regiment went into the Second World War .

The regiment was deployed in the 23rd Infantry Division in the northern section of the front during the German invasion of Poland . Together with the 3rd Panzer Division , fighting took place to occupy the Polish corridor between Pomerania and East Prussia . Then the regiment marched through East Prussia to advance on the far eastern edge of the front in the direction of Białystok .

In October it was moved to the western border of Germany in the Gemünd area . From here it went on May 10, 1940 at the beginning of the western campaign across the German- Luxembourg border and advanced via Bastogne to the Meuse near Charleville . After the Maas had been overcome, the Aisne was reached at Rethel and crossed in the second phase of the western campaign . After fighting in the Champagne region , Maîche and Montbéliard were reached on the Swiss border and the demarcation line secured.

As early as September 1940, the regiment moved to East Prussia and remained there until the start of the German attack on the Soviet Union . In June 1941 it was subordinate to the 4th Army in Army Group Center, with which it advanced towards Narew . After that, it took part in the Bialystok - Minsk battle and continued towards Berezina . During the German attack on Moscow , the division fought at Vyazma and Moshaisk . After the failed attack, the withdrawal dragged on until the end of February.

In June 1942 the 23rd Infantry Division moved to Charleroi in Belgium . There it was disbanded and almost all units came to the newly established 26th Panzer Division . The 9th Infantry Regiment was renamed the 9th Panzer Grenadier Regiment and the entire staff was taken over.

The regiment was also referred to as the “Count Nine” regiment because there were many nobles serving in its ranks . It was often considered the most exclusive regiment of the Reichswehr or later the Wehrmacht. Of the 29 staff officers and captains who served in IR 9 in 1933, 21 “Neuner members” and former members of the regiment emerged as resistance members. They included Henning von Tresckow , Ferdinand von Lüninck , Helmut von Gottberg , Axel von dem Bussche and others.

Locations in Potsdam

In 1939 the regiment was in the following locations:

  • Regimental staff, Staff II. Battalion, 4th, 8th, 13th, 14th company, staff company in the Adolf Hitler barracks in Pappelallee 8 in the north of Potsdam , today's campus of the Potsdam University of Applied Sciences . ( Location )
  • Staff I. Battalion, 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 9th, 11th company in the SEMPER – TALIS barracks in Priesterstraße 2–8 (today's Police Inspection Potsdam in Henning-von-Tresckow-Straße) ( location )
  • Staff III. Battalion, 10th, 12th company in the Hindenburg barracks at Jägerallee 23 ( location )
  • 5th, 7th, 8th company in the Jäger barracks in Jägerallee 10-12 ( Lage )


The regiment had the following structure, typical for the Wehrmacht:


Known members of the regiment


The unit was characterized by the fact that its companies maintained the traditions in parts of the guard regiments of the Prussian Army :


  • Wolfgang Paul: The Potsdamer Infantry Regiment 9, 1918–1945. Text volume and document volume, Osnabrück 1983, 2nd edition 1985, ISBN 3-7648-1448-9 .
  • Georg Tessin : Associations and troops of the German Wehrmacht and Waffen SS in World War II 1939–1945. Volume 3: The Land Forces 6-14 . 2nd Edition. Biblio-Verlag, Bissendorf 1974, ISBN 3-7648-0942-6 .
  • Werner Haupt : The German Infantry Divisions , Dörfler Zeitgeschichte, ISBN 3-89555-274-7 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Bernd Wegner: Hitler's Political Soldiers: Die Waffen-SS 1933–1945 , 8th edition, Paderborn 2008, p. 82.
  2. a b c d Werner Haupt: The German infantry divisions .
  3. Count Nine with a balloon cap . In: Der Spiegel . No. 3 , 1967, p. 34 ( online - January 9, 1967 ).
  4. Undisputed substitute monarch . Stuttgarter Zeitung of April 15, 2010, accessed on December 4, 2010