Josef Homeyer was born as the youngest of three children of the married couple August Homeyer called Strotdrees and Elisabeth, nee Herzog. He grew up on his parents' farm in Harsewinkel, attended the Laurentianum High School in Warendorf and then studied Catholic theology and philosophy at the Westphalian Wilhelms University in Münster and at the University of Innsbruck . In 1955 he was with the work of development and concept of sociology as a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) PhD .
On February 11, 1958, he was ordained a priest by Michael Keller in the St. Paulus Cathedral in Münster . He celebrated his home prime on February 17th of that year in the St. Lucia Church in Harsewinkel. From 1958 to 1961 he was chaplain in St. Josef in Warendorf and in St. Agatha in Mettingen , from 1961 to 1966 diocesan pastor for the Catholic rural people movement , from 1966 to 1971 school clerk in the diocese of Münster . In this position he is one of the initiators and co-founders of the Münster Peace School , the first comprehensive school in the Federal Republic of Germany under Catholic ownership.
In 1971 he was appointed papal house prelate . From 1972 to 1983 he was secretary of the German Bishops' Conference and managing director of the Association of Dioceses of Germany (VDD) . He was also secretary of the Joint Synod of the Dioceses in the Federal Republic of Germany from 1972 to 1975 .
On August 25, 1983 he was appointed 69th Bishop of Hildesheim by Pope John Paul II . The Archbishop of Cologne , Cardinal Joseph Höffner , donated him the episcopal ordination on November 13, 1983 in Hildesheim Cathedral . Co- consecrators were his predecessor Heinrich Maria Janssen and Johannes Joachim Degenhardt , Archbishop of Paderborn . Hildesheim auxiliary bishops Heinrich Machens and Heinrich Pachowiak also assisted .
During his tenure, Homeyer tried to locate new monasteries in his diocese. On May 5, 1988, the Marienrode Abbey was repopulated with ten Benedictine nuns from St. Hildegard in Eibingen. In the same year Homeyer set up the Research Institute for Philosophy in Hanover .
Homeyer campaigned for the Church in Europe and the universal Church beyond the borders of the diocese. So he founded the partnership with the Church of Bolivia . In accordance with his ordination In mundum universum - Goes all over the world , Homeyer held talks with trade unionists and employers, chaired the forum for justice, peace and the integrity of creation , and advocated the right to vote for foreigners. Homeyer campaigned for an eastward expansion of the European Union and the reference to God in the European and Lower Saxony constitution.
Between 1989 and 1990 Homeyer convened a diocesan synod with priests and lay people to develop future prospects for the diocese of Hildesheim. Shortly before his retirement, he was able to sign the Eckpunkt 2020 concept , which reacts to the falling church tax revenues and the number of believers. For example, parishes are to be merged, churches to be closed and pastoral staff to be reduced.
On August 20, 2004, Homeyer's resignation, which all Catholic bishops must submit when they turn 75, was accepted by Pope John Paul II. On November 29, 2005, Norbert Trelle was appointed his successor .
Homeyer was able to celebrate his golden jubilee as a priest on February 17, 2008 in the parish church of St. Lucia in Harsewinkel, where he celebrated his homeland prime in 1958.
On the morning of March 30, 2010, he died at around 4:30 a.m. after an operation in the St. Bernward Hospital in Hildesheim. He was buried on Saturday, April 10, 2010, in the St. Godehard Basilica in Hildesheim. In the course of the renovation of Hildesheim Cathedral 2010–2014, a bishop's crypt was created; Homeyer's remains were reburied there on November 1, 2014.
Cases of abuse
In connection with the cases of abuse in Catholic institutions that became known in early 2010 , the bishop emeritus admitted in February 2010 that in two cases the diocesan priests accused of abuse were taken by the diocese leadership during his tenure as bishop "too little seriously and the implications further developments have clearly been underestimated ”. Due to cover-up allegations in the case of Peter R. , who worked at the Canisius College in Berlin and later was a priest in the Hildesheim diocese, he again came under public criticism in 2015. His later successor Heiner Wilmer called Homeyer's handling of abuse allegations “a disaster” in October 2018 and declared that “the then Bishop Homeyer and his diocese leadership had covered terrible things”. In this context, Wilmer also announced that "cases of abuse in his diocese should in future be cleared up with outside help".
Episcopal coat of arms
The four-part coat of arms shows in fields 1 and 4, again in two parts, the colors gold / yellow and red, the coat of arms of the diocese of Hildesheim . In fields 2 and 3 there is Josef Homeyer's personal coat of arms, on a black background the Greek letter Tau (T), the tau cross as a symbol of redemption. The red / white grid on the rope refers to the founder of the Cistercian order , St. Bernard of Clairvaux , and is reminiscent of the Marienfeld Cistercian Abbey in Homeyer's place of birth, Harsewinkel. The red tongues of fire symbolize the work of the Holy Spirit.
Behind the coat of arms is the bishop's cross, above it the green bishop's hat ( Galero ) with six green tassels (fiocchi), underneath the motto: In Mundum Universum - “In the whole world” ( Mk 16.15 EU ).
- 1989 to 2006 member and from 1993 President of the Commission of the Bishops' Conferences of the EU (ComECE)
- 1995 to 2004 member of the contact group of the Polish and German Bishops' Conferences
- 1983 to 2004 member of the commission for societal and social issues (commission VI), 1984 deputy chairman, since 1986 chairman
- 1983 to 2004 member of the Protestant-Catholic contact discussion group in the Federal Republic of Germany
- 1984 to 2004 Member of the World Church Commission (Commission X)
- 1986 to 2004 member of the Joint Conference of the German Bishops' Conference (DBK) and the Central Committee of German Catholics (ZdK)
Awards and honors
- Because of his efforts towards German- Polish reconciliation , he was awarded the Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland on March 26, 2002 .
- The University of Hannover awarded him on 27 November 2002, the honorary doctorate of the Faculty of Education Sciences for his contributions to research and teaching.
- For the support of the Serbian Orthodox Church he received the Order of St. Sava from it on June 1, 2004, first degree.
- On September 30, 2004 he received the Lower Saxony State Medal for his international partnerships, the church foundations, the Research Institute for Philosophy Hanover and the Episcopal Foundation Together for Life, and the regulatory memoranda of the churches for the renewal of the social market economy, for which he is jointly responsible .
- On June 27, 2005 he was made an honorary citizen of the city of Hildesheim.
- On November 6, 2005, he received the Edith Stein Prize because he worked for reconciliation with Poland, for an enlarged Europe and for promoting relations between Christians in the West and the churches of Orthodoxy .
- Final resting place for Bishop Homeyer ( Memento of November 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- FAZ report
- Report from Vatican Radio
- Spiegel Online : Diocese of Hildesheim: The Bishop and the "Filing Abuse" , article from December 15, 2015, accessed on December 15, 2015.
- Abuse: Wilmer calls cover-up "catastrophe" , in: ndr.de, October 17, 2018.
- Hildesheim Bishop accuses predecessor of covering up , deutschlandfunk.de, published and accessed on October 18, 2018.
- Michael Lukas: Josef Homeyer (1929-2010). Priest - Bishop - European . Regensburg 2012, ISBN 978-3-7954-2610-1
- Literature by and about Josef Homeyer in the catalog of the German National Library
- Entry on Josef Homeyer on catholic-hierarchy.org
|Heinrich Maria Janssen||
Bishop of Hildesheim
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German bishop of Hildesheim|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 1, 1929|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Harsewinkel|
|DATE OF DEATH||March 30, 2010|
|Place of death||Hildesheim|