Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia
The Teutonia fraternity continues the tradition of the “Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia”, founded on October 10, 1843, and the former “Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Germania”, founded by members of the Teutonia (Teutons) on February 16, 1877. Teutonia is the first fraternity in Karlsruhe and the oldest fraternity at a technical university.
Colors ( color )
As a sign of solidarity with the thoughts and goals of the original fraternity of 1815, from which it started, the Teutonia fraternity wears its colors "red and black" with a broad golden edge . The color of the hat is wine red; the colors of the fuxen band are black-red-black with a golden border. As a circle she leads the small fraternity circle .
Former members of the Corps Franconia Karlsruhe founded the Teutonia fraternity on October 10, 1843. Teutonia was the first fraternity in Karlsruhe, making it the oldest technical fraternity. There was a liberal-free spirit among the members, which had a lot of influence on student life. For a time, a quarter of the Karlsruhe student body was a member of the fraternity.
Teutonia was banned in 1847 due to action against the unpopular board of directors of the Polytechnic . As early as 1848, with the help of former Teutons, a Germania with the colors black-red-gold was founded . She took a lively part in the popular movement in May and June 1849, and when the German constitution was raised, the larger and more radical part of the fraternity stood as fighters in the ranks of the Baden people's army.
When the Polytechnic resumed its activities in the autumn of 1849 after order was restored, the fraternity members only partially showed up. Of the members, around 40 freedom fighters did not return, avoided their homeland or emigrated. In particular, Germania was suppressed by a strict ban in 1850, but it continued in secret in a pub under the name "Büchsiers" until 1851/1852.
In addition to three corps , a Teutonia student union was formed again in autumn 1856, but without any reference to the old Teutonia and Germania. A simultaneous anti-corps Rhenania merged with Teutonia on May 2, 1857. A black, red and gold ribbon had been worn in the pub since October 18, 1858 . When, following the open commitment to the fraternity in 1860, it was decided to wear black-red-gold in public , the Teutonia fraternity, after two applications (1860 and 1861) were rejected by the Baden ministry, could only respond to a third application supported by the university authorities on January 8, 1862 to show the fraternity colors publicly.
The members of the early days, i.e. from 1843 to 1852, were forced to conceal their former membership in the fraternity because of the political conditions, and those who remained in the country as civil servants. Meanwhile, by some zealous contemporaries, the cohesion was gradually restored and all members who could still be reached from the early days of the Karlsruhe fraternities were brought back to Teutonia by 1876.
This reunification could not be followed by the public acceptance of the founding date of the old Karlsruhe fraternity of Teutonia in 1843, as the ban on this fraternity from 1850 had not been officially lifted. Only after the coup in 1918 did this compulsion fall and nothing more publicly stood in the way of holding the Foundation Day in 1843. On the occasion of the centenary of the Fridericiana , it was decided at the extraordinary federal convention on October 31, 1925 to move the founding day forward to October 10, 1843.
With the public wearing of colors since 1857, Teutonia's paucity agreements were repeatedly concluded on the basis of unconditional satisfaction with connections in Karlsruhe. Even with fraternities of neighboring universities, especially Heidelberg, there were frequent appointment meetings up until 1874 . On determination but the fraternity Germania could all Teutons fight regularly to Karlsruhe on 16 February 1877 after the foundation. The fraternity Germania was founded by Teutons, wore the colors black-gold-brick-red and at that time formed the 1st Karlsruhe Deputy Convent with Teutonia.
In 1888, Teutons from Karlsruhe founded the Cimbria fraternity, which moved to Berlin at the beginning of the winter semester of 1889/90. On November 7, 1893, Teutons and Germans from Karlsruhe founded the Stauffia fraternity in Munich.
In 1910 the Germania fraternity was able to move into their house on Parkstrasse. In the First World War 1914-18, 33 out of a total of 350 Germanic tribes and Teutons fell. In 1927, Teutonia bought the Villa Schönleber in Jahnstrasse, which is leased to the Karlsruhe University of Music . During the National Socialist era, both the fraternity umbrella organization Deutsche Burschenschaft (DB) and the Karlsruhe fraternities dissolved in 1935 . In 1937 former Teutons and Germans founded the Egerland Comradeship , which existed until 1945. During the Second World War 1939–45, 58 members fell and 7 members were missing from a total of around 330 Teutons and Teutons. In 1944 the Germanenhaus in Parkstrasse was bombed out.
In 1947 former Teutons, Germans and Egerlanders joined forces to form the Universitas student club. In 1949/50, the Teutonia fraternity played a leading role in the re-establishment of the DB. In 1950 the student club Universitas named itself the Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia. The colors, circles and motto that exist today were adopted.
In 1962 the new house was completed on the rubble plot of the Germanenhaus. At the Burschentag in Landau in 1971 , the so-called "historical compromise" was decided: the opening of the DB to Austrian fraternities and the exemption of fencing . This made it optional for the fraternities, scales to beat; the fraternity of Teutonia abolished the compulsory censorship and has been optional since then. The fraternity currently has around 200 members, around 10% of whom are students.
The Karlsruhe fraternity of Teutonia has always been recognized by university fraternities since it was founded in 1843. From 1860 onwards, a lively friendship developed with the Freiburg fraternity of Teutonia , which in 1868 led the Karlsruhe fraternity of Teutonia to join the North German cartel , which was dissolved again in 1872.
In the years 1889–96, Teutonia was a founding member of the Niederwald Deputy Convent of the fraternities of the technical universities of the German Empire. In 1900 she played a key role in founding the Rüdesheimer DC (merger of the fraternities at the technical universities in Germany) and became the first chairwoman of the fraternity.
On January 4, 1919, the associations of the university fraternities ( General Deputy Convent , renamed the German Burschenschaft (DB) in 1902 ) and technical college fraternities in the DB. The first chairmanship was taken over by the Jenaer DC and the second chairmanship was held by the Karlsruhe DC (mainly Teutonia).
In the recent past, Teutonia began to think intensively about bundling the liberal leagues, but the establishment of the Darmstadt Working Group (DAK) with seven other leagues after this Burschentag in the same year did not yet have the desired effect of reorganizing the umbrella organization. Even the establishment of the Liberal Interest Group (LIG) in 1990, based on Teutonia, had to stop its work after a year, as it grew too quickly due to the great response from the liberal associations and unfortunately drifted into confusion.
The founding of the Hambacher Kreis (HK) as the successor to the LIG, Teutonia is again a founding member, gave hope for changes. However, the wave of member unions that was soon to emerge from the DB showed that many wanted to implement their goals and views in the DB at short notice and did not have the patience necessary for the HK to work successfully. In this way, after unsuccessful work in the DB, Teutonia also considered leaving after years of in-depth discussions and target discussions within Teutonia between the active and old men .
After leaving DB in 1997, Teutonia took a year off. At the 1998 Burschentag in Landau , Teutonia joined the Neue Deutsche Burschenschaft (NeueDB), of which she was a member until 2011. In the 2000 financial year, Teutonia chaired the New German Burschenschaft. In May 2013 Teutonia joined the Burschenschaftliche Zukunft initiative . In that year she also founded the four -league with Hilaritas Stuttgart , the Braunschweig fraternity Germania and the Munich fraternity Arminia-Rhenania .
After years of work, the new general German Burschenschaft corporation association was created in 2016 from the Burschenschaftliche Zukunft initiative . Here the Karlsruhe fraternity Teutonia is one of the 27 founding fraternities.
After several attempts to establish a representation for all students, the Teutons succeeded in founding the Polytechnic Association on January 31, 1868 through a merger of the three loosely existing associations "polytechnic reading, singing and gymnastics". After the fraternities left in 1882 and the corps five years later, the association lost its importance as a representative of the student body. The Polytechnic Association was the forerunner of the later General Student Committee (AStA). The Polytechnic club itself was in 1901 by introducing the life covenant principle the character of a fraternity without colors. As such, it still exists today.
Towards the end of the winter semester of 1887/88, a general student assembly elected a provisional committee, which should draw up statutes for an "association of the entire student body". The statutes were approved by the university's directorate, whereupon the Grand Ducal Ministry of Culture and Education recognized the committee of fraternity and non-fraternity students to represent the student body. This “Association of the Student Body” was constituted in the course of the SS 1888. The fraternities and corps each provided a representative for the seven-member executive “select committee”.
At the suggestion of the Teutonia fraternity, a new constitution for the student union was adopted in 1920 . After that, the General Student Committee (AStA) consisted of two representatives from the specialist departments at the TH, twelve student representatives and thirty general student representatives. The first elections took place in the summer semester of 1920 with a turnout of 87% of all students. The local fraternities came with five student council representatives (42%) and five general representatives (17%) in the AStA. The first chairman was German. It should be noted that a large part of the student body and thus a large part of the AStA at that time still consisted predominantly of former front-line soldiers, which meant that the students at that time were quite unruly on certain university issues. In Karlsruhe, for example, there was a separation between Jewish and Christian students, which was reflected in the existence of two AStA lists. This also resulted in anti-Semitic resolutions in university policy in the 1920s.
The university policy in Karlsruhe received a special note with the introduction of a constitution for the student body on the occasion of the university's centenary in 1925. At that time, the corporations were very decisive in university policy and it was they who attached importance to the creation of a new constitution. to clearly regulate and define the rights and obligations of students. They did not shy away from exerting gentle pressure to obtain state approval for this constitution, which was largely drawn up by them. They indicated that they might not attend the centenary. A university celebration without the involvement of the connections would have been unthinkable at the time. The administration of the university was also more or less dependent on the address lists of the student associations for inviting former students of the university.
The now approved constitution of the student body provided for the following organs:
There was also the office for physical exercise and student service.
For more recent developments in university policy, please refer to the pages of the General Student Committee, the constituted student body and the independent student body existing in Karlsruhe .
Known members (selection)
- Richard Gradenwitz was an aviation pioneer and was one of the founders and boards of several aviation companies
- Max Gritzner founded the Gritzner machine factory in Durlach , once the largest sewing machine factory in Europe
- Albrecht Schumann was Hochtief's chairman for many years
- Walther Wunsch was a member of the board of E.ON Ruhrgas and holder of the Great Federal Cross of Merit
- Since 1905, Adolf Geck was the first social democrat in the Presidium of the 2nd Baden Chamber and a member of the Reichstag
- Helmut Himpel was a resistance fighter in the Third Reich
- Carl August Knoderer was a revolutionary during the March Revolution of 1848/1849 and a colonel during the American Civil War
- Carl L. Nippert was Lieutenant Governor of the State of Ohio
- In 1868, Carl Graebe and Carl Liebermann determined the chemical structure of the dye alizarin
- Carl Hierholzer developed the first complete characterization of the Euler and Semieulers graphs. According to him, that is algorithm of Hierholzer named
- Franz Reuleaux founded the scientific gear theory ( kinematics ) and was involved in the creation of a uniform German patent law
- Karl Schuberg was a forest scientist , professor and twice rector at the University of Karlsruhe (TH)
Arts and Culture
- Carl Haertel was an architect and one of the first to the European construction in Ethiopia introduced
- Fritz Hirsch was a building historian, architect and pioneer of state preservation of monuments
- Karl Rudolf Sohn was a portrait and genre painter and painted, among others, the Queen of England , the Empress of France and the Zulu King
- Friedrich Trautwein was a pioneer of electronic music and developed the first electronic musical instrument, the Trautonium
- Hans-Georg Balder: The German (n) Burschenschaft (en) - Your representation in individual chronicles. Hilden 2005, pp. 242-244.
- Albert Benz: History of the fraternity “Teutonia” in Karlsruhe 1857–1907 . Second edition from 1929.
- Frank Grobe: Compass and gear. Engineers in the bourgeois emancipation struggle around 1900. The history of the technical fraternity . 2009.
- Georg Kirschner: Directory of members of the Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia . 1966.
- Hans Kopf: Chronicle of the Karlsruhe fraternity Germania 1877-1935 . 1977.
- Hans Kopf: Chronicle of the Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia 1907–1950 . 1981.
- Willy Nolte (Ed.): Burschenschafter Stammrolle. Directory of the members of the German Burschenschaft according to the status of the summer semester 1934. Berlin 1934. S. 1059.
- EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 141.
- The official website of the Teutonia fraternity
- Color cards of the Teutonia fraternity
- Color cards of the Germania fraternity
- Map / aerial photo of Teutonia's pubs from their inception
- The official website of the city of Karlsruhe on the subject of Weststadt and Villa Schönleber
- Literature from and about Karlsruhe Burschenschaft Teutonia in the catalog of the German National Library