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flag coat of arms
coat of arms
Federal district Northwest Russia
Oblast Murmansk
Urban district Kowdor
mayor Oleg Mogurenko
Founded 1953
City since 1965
surface km²
population 21,297 inhabitants
(as of Oct. 14, 2010)
Population density 2662 inhabitants / km²
Height of the center 240  m
Time zone UTC + 3
Telephone code (+7) 81535
Post Code 184141-184144
License Plate 51
OKATO 47 203
Website www.kovadm.ru
Geographical location
Coordinates 67 ° 34 ′  N , 30 ° 28 ′  E Coordinates: 67 ° 34 ′ 0 ″  N , 30 ° 28 ′ 0 ″  E
Kowdor (European Russia)
Red pog.svg
Location in the western part of Russia
Kovdor (Murmansk Oblast)
Red pog.svg
Location in Murmansk Oblast
List of cities in Russia

Kowdor ( Russian Ковдор ) is a city in the Murmansk Oblast ( Russia ) with 21,297 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010).


The city lies beyond the Arctic Circle near the Finnish border, about 370 km southwest of the Oblast capital Murmansk on the upper reaches of the Kowdora River in the catchment area of ​​Lake Imandra .

Kovdor is the administrative center of the city district Rajon kovdor .


Open pit mine in Kowdor

In 1933 an iron ore deposit and carbonatites were discovered in the area of ​​today's city . First, the mining of mica began in 1934 .

After an interruption in mining activities due to the Second World War , the Kowdor settlement was established in 1953 in connection with the large-scale development of the iron ore deposit and the construction of an enrichment factory. The name was derived from the name of the lake Kowdorosero (also Kowtosero or Koftosero , probably from sami kuwt for snake ).

In 1956 the status of an urban-type settlement and on September 20, 1965 the city charter was granted.

Population development

year Residents
1959 5,358
1970 12,387
1979 23,211
1989 30,478
2002 20,867
2010 21,297

Note: census data


Cityscape determining factor is the mining of iron ore in the open pit and its enrichment by the company Kowdorski GOK (owned by EuroChem - Group ). Apatite and vermiculite are mined as by-products to a lesser extent . There is also timber industry.


The city is the end of a 117 km long railway line that branches off the Murman Railway at Pinosero station . It was opened in 1956.

Web links

Commons : Kowdor  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
  2. Н. П. Лагутина, Т. Ю. Набокова, Т. П. Филатова: Атлас Железные Дороги. Omsk 2010, p. 6.