The city lies beyond the Arctic Circle near the Finnish border, about 370 km southwest of the Oblast capital Murmansk on the upper reaches of the Kowdora River in the catchment area of Lake Imandra .
After an interruption in mining activities due to the Second World War , the Kowdor settlement was established in 1953 in connection with the large-scale development of the iron ore deposit and the construction of an enrichment factory. The name was derived from the name of the lake Kowdorosero (also Kowtosero or Koftosero , probably from sami kuwt for snake ).
Cityscape determining factor is the mining of iron ore in the open pit and its enrichment by the company Kowdorski GOK (owned by EuroChem - Group ). Apatite and vermiculite are mined as by-products to a lesser extent . There is also timber industry.
↑ a b Itogi Vserossijskoj perepisi naselenija 2010 goda. Tom 1. Čislennostʹ i razmeščenie naselenija (Results of the All-Russian Census 2010. Volume 1. Number and distribution of the population). Tables 5 , pp. 12-209; 11 , pp. 312–979 (download from the website of the Federal Service for State Statistics of the Russian Federation)
↑ Н. П. Лагутина, Т. Ю. Набокова, Т. П. Филатова: Атлас Железные Дороги. Omsk 2010, p. 6.