Latin Patriarchate of Antioch

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The Latin Patriarch of Antioch was officially established after the First Crusade by Bohemond of Taranto , the first prince of Antioch . The city already had an Orthodox patriarch who was chased out and fled to Constantinople . The Byzantine Empire worked to reinstate him as the sole patriarch, either for both faiths or for the Orthodox Church alone. The Devol Treaty of 1108 nominally reinstated the Greek patriarch, but the provision was never implemented.

Under Manuel I there was briefly a common patriarchy when Antioch fell under Byzantine rule, but mostly there was only one Latin patriarch until the principality was conquered by the Mameluks in 1268 . All along, however, Constantinople appointed at least one Greek patriarch.

After the end of the Crusader states, the Latin Patriarchate of Antioch actually sank to the titular patriarchate . The titleholders were mostly curia cardinals and resided in Rome. The title was retained until it was abolished in 1964.

Latin Patriarch of Antioch

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Individual evidence

  1. a b c Philippe Bountry: pontificale Chapelle . In: Souverain et pontife. Recherches prosopographiques sur la Curie Romaine à l'âge de la Restoration (1814–1846) . École française de Rome, Rome 2002, VI.1.3 - Patriarche latin d'Antioche ( online edition ).