Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople

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St. Peter in the Vatican was the Patriarchal Basilica of the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople - the office lasted until 1964
Bessarion , Latin Patriarch of Constantinople 1463–1472 (woodcut from the Bibliotheca chalcographica)
Ranuccio Farnese , Patriarch of Constantinople 1546–1565, at the age of twelve (painting by Titian 1542)

The Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople was established in 1204 as a result of the conquest of Constantinople by the Fourth Crusade . The Latin Patriarch of Constantinople Opel associated Patriarchal was St. Peter's Basilica in the Vatican City .

French crusaders, supported by the Republic of Venice , established the Latin Empire and expelled the Orthodox Patriarch from Constantinople .

After the reconquest of the city by Michael VIII. Palaiologos and the end of the Latin Empire in 1261, the patriarchy only existed in terms of title, i.e. without territorial jurisdiction . On February 8, 1314, Pope Clement V united the patriarchal office with that of the Bishop of Negroponte .

In the wake of the Union of Florence , under Gregor Melissenus, the Crusader Patriarchate was legally united with the Greek Patriarchate, whose branch united with Rome, however, from Pietro Riario onwards was regularly occupied by Latin prelates in order to guarantee the Roman Catholic Church's claim to this traditional patriarchal seat of the East to maintain.

Since 1948, the previously awarded post as an honorary title has not been filled and in 1964 together with the other Latin Patriarchates - with the exception of the Latin Patriarchate of Jerusalem - in the course of the Second Vatican Council and on the basis of a between Pope Paul VI. and the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople Athinagoras dissolved.

List of the Latin Patriarchs of Constantinople

The following people were at the head of the Latin and Greek Catholic Patriarchate of Constantinople:

Titular patriarchs

Exile or titular patriarchs

See also

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Dan Ioan Mureşan: Girolamo Lando, titulaire du Patriarcat de Constantinople (1474–1497), et son rôle dans la politique orientale du Saint-Siège , in: Annuario dell'Istituto di Cultura e Ricerca Umanistica di Venezia 8 (2006) 153 -258.
  2. a b c d e f g Philippe Bountry: Chapelle pontificale . In: Souverain et pontife. Recherches prosopographiques sur la Curie Romaine à l'âge de la Restoration (1814–1846) . École française de Rome, Rome 2002, VI.1.1 - Patriarche latin de Constantinople ( online edition ).