Northfield, Minnesota

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Location of Northfield in Rice County and Minnesota
Location of Northfield in Rice County and Minnesota
Basic data
Foundation : 1855
State : United States
State : Minnesota
Counties : Rice County
Dakota County
Coordinates : 44 ° 27 ′  N , 93 ° 10 ′  W Coordinates: 44 ° 27 ′  N , 93 ° 10 ′  W
Time zone : Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )
Residents : 20.007 (as of 2010)
Population density : 1,105.4 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 18.2 km 2  (approx. 7 mi 2 ) of
which 18.1 km 2  (approx. 7 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 278 m
Postal code : 55057
Area code : +1 507
FIPS : 27-46924
GNIS ID : 0648725
Website :
Mayor : Lee Lansing
Northfield First National.jpg
Northfield First National Bank

Northfield is a city in the US state of Minnesota with around 17,100 inhabitants. It is located in the north of Rice County and partially extends into Dakota County .


Northfield is a suburb around 50 kilometers south of the twin cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul to the enlarged metropolitan area of both cities in the Midwest of the United States. The Cannon River flows through the city . According to the United States Census Bureau , the area of ​​the city is 18.2 square kilometers, of which 0.1 square kilometers is water.


Northfield was founded in 1855 by John W. North . At the beginning, the place lived mainly from the wood and grain mills that were built on the Cannon River. Later the share of milk and meat production in the primary sector grew.

Northfield College (now Carleton College ) was founded in 1866, and St. Olaf College was founded eight years later . Both universities with a total of over 5,000 students shaped the structure and development of Northfield.

On September 7, 1876, the gang robbed by Jesse James the First National Bank of Northfield. However, a bank employee refused to open the safe. The citizens of the city recognized the situation and defended themselves against the attack. They were able to drive the gang to flight, but two bank employees and two members of the James Younger gang were killed. Some members of the gang, including Jesse and Frank James, were able to escape, while others were captured. This unsuccessful attack meant the end of the James Younger gang. Today there is a festival called The Defeat of Jesse James Days in Northfield once a year .

Since the 1970s, the metropolitan area of ​​the cities of Minneapolis and St. Paul has expanded further south, so that Northfield is increasingly given the structure of a satellite town . Nevertheless, numerous buildings from the 19th and early 20th centuries have been preserved in the city center.

Population development

1970 1980 1990 2000
10,235 12,562 14,684 17,147

Demographic data

According to the 2000 census , Northfield has 17,147 people in 4,909 households and 3,210 families. The racial the population is composed of 92.6 percent white population, 2.4 percent African American, and smaller or more groups. 5.7 percent of the population are Hispanics .

Children under the age of 18 live in 35.4% of the 4,909 households, married couples in 52.7%, female singles in 9.6% and 34.6% are not family households. 27.5% of all households consist exclusively of a single person and 9.6% are single people over 65 years of age. The average household size is 2.53 people, that of families 3.08.

In relation to the city as a whole, the population is made up of 20.2% residents under the age of 18, 32.1% between 18 and 24 years, 21.0% between 25 and 44 years, 16.1% between 45 and 64 years 10.5% over 65 years. The median is 23 years. About 52.3% of the population is female.

The median income of a household is USD 49,972 and that of a family is USD 61,055. The per capita income is $ 18,619. About 7.2% of the population and 2.8% of families live below the poverty line.


Major roads through Northfield are Minnesota State Route 3 and 19 . Interstate 35 runs ten kilometers to the west . Furthermore, two railway lines of the Canadian Pacific Railway and Progressive Rail run through the city.

The next airfield is the Faribault Municipal Airport further south near Faribault . The nearest commercial airport, Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport , is located around 30 miles north of Northfield.


Northfield has six public schools (four primary schools, one intermediate schools and a high school) with around 3800 students, as well as three private schools. In addition, these are Carleton College and St. Olaf College located in the city. Many of the more than 5,000 students live in Northfield and ensure a very young population structure in the city.

sons and daughters of the town