Nowy Dwór Gdański
|Nowy Dwór Gdański|
|Powiat :||Nowy Dwór Gdański|
|Gmina :||Nowy Dwór Gdański|
|Area :||5.06 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||9962 (December 31, 2016)|
|Postal code :||82-100|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 55|
|License plate :||GND|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||S 7 ( E 77 ): Żukowo - Danzig - Warsaw - Chyżne / Slovakia|
|DK 55 : Nowy Dwór Gdański - Malbork - Kwidzyn - Grudziądz - Stolno|
|Ext. 502 : Nowy Dwór Gdański– Stegna|
|Rail route :||in the tourist season: Nowy Dwór Gdański – Stegna small train|
|Next international airport :||Gdansk Lech Walesa Airport|
Nowy Dwór Gdański [ ˈnɔvɨ ˈdvur ˈgdaɲsci ] ( German Tiegenhof ) is a town with about 10,000 inhabitants and the seat of the town-and-country municipality of the same name in the powiat Nowodworski of the Polish Pomeranian Voivodeship .
The village is located in the former West Prussia , about 25 kilometers west-northwest of the city of Elbląg (Elbing) and 36 kilometers southeast of Danzig an der Tuja (Tiege) near the south-west bank of the Frischer Haff .
Tiegenhof was established as a settlement next to a domain of the Loitz family , a merchant family from Gdansk , who had to sell their property in 1572 due to over-indebtedness. Under the next owners, the Weiher family, the Tiegenhof became the main courtyard of a Starostei . Over time, the settlement grew into a market town with craftsmen, shopkeepers, jugs and gardeners. Outside the village there were two windmills and a distillery in 1664.
Tiegenhof was part of Royal Prussia and thus came in the first partition of Poland in 1772 to Prussia . On the site of the main courtyard, a Protestant church was built in 1784, which was rebuilt between 1831 and 1834 according to plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel . In 1848 a Catholic church was built.
After Tiegenhof had held the status of a market town from 1859, it was granted town charter in 1880 .
Tiegenhof has had a railway connection since 1881 , which was expanded in 1886 via Neuteich to Simonsdorf . Since 1900, the city has also been connected to the narrow-gauge railway network of the former West Prussian Kleinbahnen AG (today: Żuławska Kolej Dojazdowa ).
Traditional businesses in Tiegenhof were the Machandelfabrik of the Stobbe family, which had been making juniper schnapps since 1776 , and the Stobbe brewery , which had been in existence since 1784 . The Tiegenhofer oil mill and the sugar factory also had a good reputation.
The city had belonged to the Marienburg district (West Prussia) since 1818 . After the First World War , Tiegenhof was added to the Free City of Danzig in 1920 , which was separated from the German Empire . With this, Tiegenhof left the Marienburg district and became the district town of the newly created district of Großes Werder . In 1939 the Free City of Danzig was occupied by the Germans and then reconnected to the German Empire. In Tiegenhof there were two external detachments from the Stutthof concentration camp , one in the main workshop of the Kleinbahn and a second in the brickworks.
Towards the end of the Second World War , Tiegenhof, like Danzig, was placed under Polish administration. Tiegenhof received the Polish name Nowy Dwór Gdański , which means Neuhof near Danzig. Had not fled as far as the German citizens, they were in the period that followed expelled and replaced by Poles.
Between 1954 and 1975 Nowy Dwór was the seat of a powiat , and since 1999 the city has been a district town again.
- Hennef , Germany, since August 11, 2001
- Swetly , Russia, since 2002
- Sarny , Ukraine, since 2008
- Velká nad Veličkou , Czech Republic, since 2008
|1871||2.142||including 1,250 Protestants, 620 Catholics, 170 Mennonites and 90 Jews|
|1905||2,872||thereof 1,946 Evangelicals, 718 Catholics and 29 Jews (97.9% German)|
- Bar chart of the population to date
sons and daughters of the town
- Adolf Wiebe (1826–1908), civil engineer, created the Oder-Spree Canal
- Otto Hausburg (1831–1920), slaughterhouse director and member of the Reichstag
- Johann Stobbe (1860–1938), chemist, professor at the University of Leipzig
- Max Kling (1874–1950), agricultural chemist
- Johannes Kruppke (1901–1957), German worker and politician (SPD)
- FK Waechter (1937–2005), draftsman and children's book author
- Roman Lipski (* 1969), painter, living in Berlin since 1989
- Johann Friedrich Goldbeck : Complete topography of the Kingdom of Prussia . Part II, Marienwerder 1789, pp. 25-26.
- August Eduard Preuss : Prussian country and folklore or description of Prussia. A manual for primary school teachers in the province of Prussia, as well as for all friends of the fatherland . Bornträger Brothers, Königsberg 1835, p. 431.
- Alfred Steiniger: History of the Tiegenhof economy. An investigation into the history of the settlement , Danziger Verlagsgesellschaft Paul Rosenberg, undated (according to bibliography after 1984)
- Old views of Tiegenhof
- Non-profit association Tiegenhof - Kreis Großes Werder eV
- Official website of the city (Polish)
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Marienburg district in West Prussia (Polish Malbork). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Gustav Neumann: Geography of the Prussian State . 2nd edition, Volume 2, Berlin 1874, pp. 40-42, item 3.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Marienburg district in West Prussia (Malbork in Polish). (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Community for the province of West Prussia: based on the materials from the census of December 1, 1905 and other official sources, pp. 76-77.
- Michael Rademacher: German administrative history from the unification of the empire in 1871 to the reunification in 1990. Large Werder district. (Online material for the dissertation, Osnabrück 2006).
- Główny Urząd Statystyczny, "LUDNOŚĆ - STAN I STRUKTURA W PRZEKROJU TERYTORIALNYM", as of June 30, 2007 ( Memento of February 16, 2008 in the Internet Archive )