|Height :||375 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||6.53 km²|
|Residents :||1295 (Dec. 31, 2015)|
|Population density :||198 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||November 1, 2016|
|Postal code :||37445|
|Area code :||05586|
Location of Wieda in Lower Saxony
View of the north-east of Wieda from the Alte Wache viewpoint
Wieda is located in the southern Harz north of Bad Sachsa in the Harz Nature Park . The street village stretches in north-south direction for almost 7 km in the forest-lined valley of the river Wieda at about 320 to . Located northwest of Wieda rises the highest mountain in the southern Harz, the Stöberhai (about ), north of the first hunting head ( second) east hunting head ( ) and southwest of the Ravens Mountain (about ).
In the documents of the Walkenried monastery, founded in 1127 and occupied by a Cistercian convent in 1129 , Wieda was first mentioned as a stream and forest area. In this forest, i.e. in the area of the later village of Wieda, the monastery operated copper works from the 13th century. However, there was no place in Wieda until the 16th century. The place only took off after the shooting of the iron ore deposits in Kastental in the 16th century. An ironworks in Wieda is documented for the first time in 1562. At the beginning of the 17th century, the highest blast furnace at the time was built in the Harz region of Braunschweig-Blankenburg with a height of 6.84 m.
Glassmaking was an important trade. a. in the Weinglastal. In 1610 the first church was built in Wieda, which was also visited by the glassmakers. The first pastor of his own came here in 1662, until then the pastor of Hohegeiß was responsible. The multiple attempts at cinnabar mining in the Silberbach from the 16th to the 19th century remained meaningless. Later, Wieda was the most populous place in the monastery area. The inhabitants lived from the haulage and charcoal burning alongside mining and metallurgy.
In the 19th century many people emigrated to America, as the iron industry and the general economic decline began at the beginning of the century. This also led to the demolition of the blast furnace, which had meanwhile been renewed, in 1863. Under the leadership of a Mr. Preen, the workers finally helped themselves and operated a hut as a productive cooperative , which became famous for the Wieda ovens manufactured here and whose operation was finally stopped in 1972. The area of the Wiedaer Hütte burned down almost completely in a major fire on July 23, 1973 and from 1975 was redesigned into a spa park with a tennis hall.
In 1899 the Walkenried – Braunlage / Tanne narrow-gauge railway was built, primarily to strengthen the economy , and connected Wieda to the Walkenried station on the southern Harz line . The railway line crossed the entire place along the river with the four stops Wieda-Süd (match factory) , Wieda , Wiedaer Hütte and Stöberhai station .
At the beginning of May 1944, the prisoners of SS Construction Brigade III were transferred to Wieda. On May 11, 1944 in Wieda was sub-camp , where the newly constructed in the following weeks concentration camp Mackenrode , Nüxei and Osterhagen were assumed as secondary storage. Around 300 prisoners each had to carry out track construction, earthwork and clearing work for the construction of the Helmetalbahn in the four concentration camps . Until the end of October 1944, these four camps were under the Buchenwald concentration camp , then the Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp complex . On April 6, 1945, the prisoners from the three sub-camps Mackenrode, Nüxei and Osterhagen were driven to the Wieda concentration camp on foot. From there all prisoners had to march together on April 7, 1945 across the Harz Mountains. After an evacuation transport by train to the Altmark and another death march on foot to Gardelegen , most of the remaining concentration camp prisoners were locked up in the massacre in the Isenschnibber barn on April 13, 1945 together with other prisoners from other evacuated concentration camps and burned alive. A memorial stone and a collective grave for six unknown concentration camp prisoners in Wieda remind of the former concentration camp.
Railway operations on the narrow-gauge railway were given up in 1963 and the track systems were dismantled. In 2007 a bicycle and hiking trail was laid out on the former railway line.
The local council of Wieda currently consists of a councilwoman and four councilors from the following parties and obtained seats (as of 2016):
|11th September 2016||2||2||-||1||-||5 seats|
|September 11, 2011||5||4th||1||-||1||11 seats|
coat of arms
The design of the municipal coat of arms of Wieda comes from the heraldist and coat of arms painter Gustav Völker , who designed all coats of arms in the Hanover region . The council adopted the coat of arms on November 27, 1950, and the Lower Saxony Minister of the Interior approved it on April 19, 1952.
|Blazon : "Under a silver shield head , covered with two black diagonally crossed shark cats with burning red rags,a right - facing silver stag walks in green ."|
|Explanation of the coat of arms: The shark cats are reminiscent of the equipment used by the Koehler, this professional group that once worked in the forest. The device was used to light the kilns. To do this, the charcoal burner wrapped a delimbed young spruce with a resin-soaked rag. As soon as the pile was piled up, the charcoal burner lit the rag and held it with the branch inside the pile of wood. The deer symbolizes Wieda's earlier affiliation to the county of Klettenberg , later Honstein- Klettenberg. Before the coat of arms was introduced, the place only had a seal that represented a standing stag in front of a forest silhouette.|
Economy and Infrastructure
Since the end of the 19th century tourism has been part of the town's main economic activity, which reached its peak in the 1960s and 1970s. Many West Berliners had their vacation homes here during the time of the Berlin Wall . Recently, guests from the Netherlands and the Scandinavian countries have been spending their holidays in the southern Harzort. A popular place to visit is the former Stöberhai train station , which houses a forest restaurant. In the adjoining enclosure there is daily game feeding.
From Wieda the state road runs to Braunlage, Bad Sachsa, Zorge and Walkenried. From Walkenried it is 15 km to the junction of the Südharzautobahn A 38 .
Culture and sights
- In 1778 today's church, whose parish belongs to the provost of Bad Harzburg , was consecrated and at the same time the free-standing bell tower was built on the cheese mountain opposite so that the bells could be heard throughout the valley, and in 1890 a Knauf loop shop organ was installed and the one above the entrance C refers to the then Prince Carl .
- In Wieda there has been the Glass and Metallurgical Museum in the former town hall in Otto-Haberlandt-Straße since 2005, in which the economic history of the place is documented in the areas of glassworks as well as mining and smelting.
- In a room in the kindergarten (former elementary school) on Schulstrasse, a small museum of the disbanded telecommunications sector C of the German Armed Forces on the Stöberhai has been set up since 2006, in which the facilities of the former radar tower on the Stöberhai can be viewed.
The place is one of the eight places in which the tradition of the finch maneuver, which has been recognized as an intangible world cultural heritage since 2014, is still cultivated in the Harz Mountains .
Sons and daughters of the place
- Johann Heinrich Haeberlin (1799–1866), Prussian court building officer
- Günter-Helge Strickstrack (1921-2020), textile entrepreneur and politician (CDU)
- Otto Haberlandt (1922–1990), politician (SPD)
- Guido Neumann (1932–2009), lawyer and TV judge
- Rainer Hattenhauer (* 1962), textbook author (IT topics)
- Harzklub -Zweigverein Wieda (Ed.): Guide through the climatic health resort Wieda in the southern Harz and the surrounding area . 1931.
- municipalities in Germany by area, population and postcode. (XLS; 4.4 MB) See under: Lower Saxony, No. 1529 . In: Destatis website. Federal Statistical Office, December 31, 2015, accessed on January 28, 2020 .
- Ralf Busch : Wieda . In: Römisch-Germanisches Zentralmuseum Mainz (Hrsg.): Guide to prehistoric and early historical monuments. Western Harz, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Osterode, Seesen . tape 36 . Philipp von Zabern Verlag, Mainz 1978, ISBN 3-8053-0305-X , p. 192 .
- Fritz Reinboth and Friedhart Knolle : On mining and metallurgy of the Walkenried and Neuwerk monasteries . In: Harz-Zeitschrift . No. 70 , 2018, p. 35-55 .
- Herbert Naumann: Wieda. In: Website Herbert Naumann. 2019, accessed May 4, 2019 .
- Law on the reorganization of the Walkenried community, Osterode am Harz district . In: Niedersächsische Staatskanzlei (Ed.): Niedersächsisches Gesetz- und Verordnungsblatt (Nds. GVBl.) . No. 2/2016 . Hanover February 25, 2016, p. 36 , p. 6 ( digital version [PDF; 524 kB ; accessed on May 4, 2019]).
- Result of the municipal elections in Wieda on September 11th, 2016. In: Website communal services Göttingen (KDG). September 16, 2011, accessed May 4, 2019 .
- local council (Walkenried OT Wieda). In: Website of the Walkenried community. Retrieved May 4, 2019 .
- District of Hanover (ed.): Wappenbuch district of Hanover . Self-published, Hanover 1985.
- Arnold Rabbow: Braunschweigisches Wappenbuch . The coats of arms of the communities and districts in the urban and rural districts of Braunschweig, Gandersheim, Gifhorn, Goslar, Helmstedt, Peine, Salzgitter, Wolfenbüttel and Wolfsburg. Ed .: Braunschweiger Zeitung, Salzgitter Zeitung and Wolfsburger Nachrichten. Eckensberger & Co. Verlag, Braunschweig 1977, DNB 780686667 , p. 118 .
- Small question: "What significance do ratings such as 'state-approved climatic health resort' have especially for heath tourism and the tourism industry in Lower Saxony?" (PDF; 100 kB) 16th electoral period, printed matter 16/3359. In: Website Lower Saxony State Parliament. February 23, 2011, accessed May 4, 2019 .