Woodstock (New York)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Woodstock City Hall on NY 212
Woodstock City Hall on NY 212
Location in New York
Woodstock (New York)
Basic data
Foundation : 1787
State : United States
State : new York
County : Ulster County
Coordinates : 42 ° 3 ′  N , 74 ° 10 ′  W Coordinates: 42 ° 3 ′  N , 74 ° 10 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 5,884 (as of 2010)
Population density : 33.8 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 175.7 km 2  (approx. 68 mi 2 ) of
which 174.3 km 2  (approx. 67 mi 2 ) are land
Height : 339 m
Postal code : 12498
Area code : +1 845
FIPS : 36-83052
GNIS ID : 979655
Website : www.woodstockny.org
The eponymous venue Woodstock, the planned (Wallkill) and actual venue, Bethel

Woodstock is a city in Ulster County in the US state of New York with 5884 inhabitants (as of 2010). The city is northwest of Kingston . The city area extends over 175.7 km². The city was best known for the Woodstock Festival named after it , although the venue was about 70 kilometers away at Bethel .


According to the United States Census Bureau , the city has an area of ​​175.8 km², of which 174.8 km² is land and 1.0 km² (= 0.53%) is water. The city is in the north of the county - the northern city limit forms the border with Greene County -, northwest of Kingston .

New York State Route 212 runs through the metropolitan area that is within the boundaries of Catskill Park .


The first European settlers came to the area around 1770. The city was in 1787 as a Town "incorporated", d. H. recognized and registered as a rural town. They later gave up parts of their territory to form other incorporated towns, Middletown (1789), Windham (1798), Shandaken (1804), and Olive (1853).

In 1816 a tannery was established , Woodstock Tannery, which processed the animal hides supplied by the surrounding settlers into leather. In order to obtain the necessary tannins , hemlocks were felled in the far surrounding area . The Woodstock Tannery developed into a major supplier of leather for the boots of soldiers in the Union Army during the American Civil War . The Woodstock Elgin Creamery was founded in 1898.

Woodstock was an artist colony around the turn of the 20th century , and various Hudson River School painters - such as E. Charlton Fortune and Spencer Trask - were frequent guests. The Arts and Crafts Movement came to Woodstock around 1902.

Art and music

The Byrdcliffe Colony , established in 1903, is the oldest artist colony of the Arts & Crafts Movement. She attracted artists to Woodstock who taught and made crafts such as furniture, metalwork, pottery , weaving and founded Woodstock's first painting school. The colony changed the cultural life in the city permanently.

In 1916 the utopian , philosopher and poet Hervey White built a wooden concert hall in the middle of the forest . Since then, the Maverick Concerts ( maverick , English for "outsider") have been held here, which are now the oldest ongoing chamber music festival in the United States. Composers such as Henry Cowel, John Cage , Robert Starrer and Peter Schickele wrote works that premiered here. The hand-built concert hall with its excellent acoustics is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and musicians from all over the world play here from June to September.

The city is home to the Woodstock Artists Association and Museum (WAAM) founded by John Carlson, Frank Swift Chase , Andrew Dasburg , Carl Lindin, and Henry Lee McFee . Its permanent exhibition includes works by important American artists such as Milton Avery , George Bellows , Edward Leigh Chase , Frank Swift Chase, Marion Greenwood, Philip Guston and Yasuo Kuniyoshi . The Art Students League of New York held summer courses here from 1906 to 1922 and again from 1947 to 1979 in Woodstock. An art school has existed since 1980.

Was founded in 1939 Woodstock Guild cares today about the 140 hectares large Byrdcliffe Colony . The organization hosts exhibitions, courses, dance and theater performances , and runs Woodstock's oldest craft shop, the Fleur de Lis Gallery , which represents over 60 artists. The Byrdcliffe Colony is also listed on the National Register of Historic Places .


At the time of the United States Census 2000, the Town of Woodstock inhabited 6241 people. The population density was 35.7 people per km ². There were 3847 housing units at an average of 22.0 per km ². The population consisted of 94.25% of White , 1.30% Black or African American , 0.21% Native American , 1.57% Asian , 0.02% Pacific Islander , 0.79% said other races to belong and 1.87% named two or more races. 2.56% of the population declared to be Hispanic or Latinos of any race.

The residents of Woodstock distributed to 2946 households out of which 21.7% were living in children under 18 years of age. 44.2% of households were married, 7.9% had a female head of the household without a husband and 44.8% were not families. 35.5% of households were made up of individuals and someone lived in 10.6% of all households aged 65 years or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.71.

The urban population was divided into 18.0% minors, 3.7% 18–24 year olds, 23.0% 25–44 year olds, 38.0% 45–64 year olds and 17.3% aged 65 years or more. The mean age was 48 years. For every 100 women there were 94.7 men. For every 100 women over 18, there were 93.1 men.

The median household income in Woodstock was 49,217 US dollars and the median family income reached the amount of 65,938 US dollars. The median income for men was $ 41,500 compared to $ 33,672 for women. The per capita income in Woodstock was $ 32,133. 6.9% of the population and 10.2% of families had an income below the poverty line , including 12.8% of minors and 3.9% of those aged 65 and over.

Known residents

Even before the festival, some well-known musicians lived in the village, but after that the number increased enormously. Some famous artists who lived or still live in the place are: