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coat of arms map
Ílhavo Coat of Arms
Ílhavo (Portugal)
Basic data
Region : Centro
Sub-region : Aveiro Region
District : Aveiro
Concelho : Ílhavo
Coordinates : 40 ° 36 ′  N , 8 ° 40 ′  W Coordinates: 40 ° 36 ′  N , 8 ° 40 ′  W
Residents: 16,598 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 42.17 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 394 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 3830
Mayor : Rufino Filipe
Address of the municipal administration: Junta de Freguesia de Ílhavo
R. Dr. Frederico Cerveira
3830-196 Ílhavo
Website: www.jf-ssalvador.pt
Ílhavo district
flag map
Flag of Ílhavo Location of the Ílhavo district
Residents: 38,598 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 73.47 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 525 inhabitants per km²
Number of municipalities : 4th
Administration address: Câmara Municipal de Ílhavo
Av. 25 de April
3830-044 Ílhavo
President of the Câmara Municipal: José Agostinho Ribau Esteves ( PSD )
Website: www.cm-ilhavo.pt

Ílhavo is a city ( Cidade ) and a district ( Concelho ) in Portugal . It is located in the Aveiro district , in the north of the Centro region .

Praia da Barra, the beach of Ílhavo with the lighthouse of Aveiro


Ílhavo's history is closely linked to the sea. Probably from 1372 BC. Chr. The first time Phoenicians , Greeks and probably northern European Sea Peoples in the mouth of the Rio Vouga sailed in and there are the first settlements established. Later Romans also frequented this place . For their part, the fishermen of Ílhavo are considered to be the founders of various localities (e.g. Cova-Gala near Figueira da Foz ). The current place name appears for the first time as villa iliauo in writings from the Cathedral of Coimbra , which date from the years 1037 to 1065, after the final reconquest from the Moors .

There are no documents about the exact establishment of the Ílhavo County. It already existed in 1095. The city was first granted city rights (Foral) by King D Dinis in 1296.

In 1824 the Vista-Alegre -Manufaktur was founded here, which became famous for its glass and porcelain production. In the course of the various administrative reforms after the Liberal Revolution in 1822 , the independent Ílhavo district was confirmed in 1836, but dissolved in 1895 despite protests from its citizens and joined to Aveiro. After constant efforts, the district was restored in 1898.

As a result of its development, the previous small town ( Vila ) Ílhavo was elevated to a city ( Cidade ) in 1990 . In 2001 Gafanha da Nazaré also became a town, but remained a municipality in the Ílhavo district.

The Villa Africana , partial view of the facade

Culture and sights

The nationally and internationally best known attraction for visitors is the museum and the historical factory area of ​​the Vista Alegre porcelain factory. The sandy beaches are also a major attraction, especially on the Costa Nova with the characteristic colorful wooden houses.

Ilhavo part of the speech Nacional de Arte Nova Município , a grouping of locations in Portugal, by particularly numerous and striking buildings of the Art Nouveau ( port. Arte Nova) excel. The most famous examples in Ílhavo include various town villas, such as the ornate Villa Africana .

The Museu Marítimo de Ílhavo is dedicated to the regional fishing and marine history. The last completely preserved towing vessel of the stockfish fishing fleet can be seen there.

Historically, arte xávega was an important form of fishing all along the Portuguese coast, and particularly in the local region. Nets were brought from the beach to the sea and pulled ashore with the help of ox carts. Even today this species is occasionally practiced here and is considered a tourist attraction.


Ílhavo district

Ílhavo is the seat of a district of the same name. The neighboring districts are (starting clockwise in the north) Aveiro and Vagos . The circle is split into three parts by the arms of the Ria de Aveiro . The following municipalities ( freguesias ) are in Ílhavo County:

Ílhavo district
local community Population
Density of
population / km²
Gafanha da Encarnação 5,362 10.98 488 011005
Gafanha da Nazaré 15,240 16.44 927 011006
Gafanha do Carmo 1,526 7.05 216 011007
Ílhavo 16,470 39.00 422 011008
Ílhavo district 38,598 73.47 525 0110
The Ílhavo Town Hall ( Câmara Municipal )

Population development

Population in Ílhavo County (1801–2011)
1801 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2011
5436 6797 13.163 17,709 25,108 31,383 33,235 37.209 38,598

Municipal holiday

  • Easter Monday

Town twinning

Ílhavo cultivates town twinning or friendship

Tomé José de Barros Queirós
João Paulo T. Esperança in a Portuguese textbook in East Timor

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Ílhavo  - collection of images, videos and audio files


Individual evidence

  1. www.ine.pt - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. a b Overview of code assignments from Freguesias on epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu
  3. www.ine.pt - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  4. History page of the city administration , accessed on August 22, 2013
  5. ditto
  6. www.verportugal.net , accessed on August 22, 2013